Financial Statement Analysis
 Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements (Formula, Types, Excel)
 Ratio Analysis
 Liquidity Ratios
 Turnover Ratios
 Profitability Ratios
 Profit Margin
 Gross Profit Margin Formula
 Operating Profit Margin Formula
 Net Profit Margin Formula
 EBIDTA Margin
 Earnings Per Share
 Basic EPS
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 Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS
 Return on Equity (ROE)
 Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)
 Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)
 Return on Total Assets (ROA)
 Return on Average Capital Employed
 Capital employed Employed
 Return on Average Assets (ROAA)
 Return on Average Equity (ROAE)
 Return on Assets Formula
 Return on Equity Formula
 DuPont Formula
 Net Interest Margin Formula
 Earnings Per Share Formula
 Diluted EPS Formula
 Contribution Margin Formula
 Revenue Per Employee Ratio
 Operating Leverage
 EBIT vs EBITDA
 EBITDAR
 Capital Gains Yield
 Tax Equivalent Yield
 LTM Revenue
 Operating Expense Ratio Formula
 Overhead Ratio Formula
 Capacity Utilization Rate Formula
 Total Expense Ratio Formula
 Efficiency Ratios
 Dividend Ratios
 Debt Ratios
 Debt to Equity Ratio
 Debt Coverage Ratio
 Debt Ratio
 Debt to Income Ratio Formula (DTI)
 Capital Gearing Ratio
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 Times Interest Earned Ratio
 Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR)
 Financial Leverage Ratio
 Net Debt Formula
 Leverage Ratios
 Operating Leverage vs Financial Leverage
 Current Yield
 Debt Yield Ratio
Asset Turnover Ratio Formula (Table of Contents)
Asset Turnover Ratio Formula: What is the formula?
Asset turnover ratio is an efficiency ratio that judges how efficiently a company uses its assets to generate revenue.
Here’s the asset turnover ratio formula –
Asset Turnover Ratio Formula Example
Now, let’s take a practical example of asset turnover ratio.
YMC Company has gross sales of $75,000 at the end of 2017. The sales return for the year was $5000. The total assets at the beginning of the year were $120,000 and at the end of the year were $160,000. Find out the asset turnover ratio of YMC Company.
First of all, we need to calculate net sales.
 We have gross sales and that is $75,000.
 We also have sales return and that is $5000.
 Then, the net sales would be = ($75,000 – $5000) = $70,000.
Now, we will calculate the average total assets by using the simple average method.
 The total assets at the beginning of the year were $120,000. And the total assets at the end of the year were $160,000.
 Then, the average total assets for the year would be = ($120,000 + $160,000) / 2 = $280,000 / 2 = $140,000.
Now, we will put the data into the formula.
 Asset Turnover Ratio formula = Net Sales / Average Total Assets
 Or, Asset Turnover Ratio = $70,000 / $140,000 = 0.50.
If we compare the asset turnover ratio of YMC Company with the asset turnover ratio of a similar company under the same industry, we would be able to tell 0.50 is a good number or not.
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Explanation of Asset Turnover Ratio Formula
Asset turnover ratio formula is the opposite of asset to sales ratio. In this ratio, we look at the net sales and average total assets.
In the income statement, the first item is “gross sales”.
If we deduct “sales discount” or “sales return” from “gross sales”; we would get “net sales”.
On the other hand, to find the average total assets we need to look at the assets at the beginning of the year and the assets at the end of the year. And then we can take the average of the assets at the beginning and the assets at the ending.
If we want to go deep, we can use the weighted average method to calculate the average total assets.
Use of Asset Turnover Ratio
Unlike the asset to sales ratio, in the case of asset turnover ratio, more is better.
Why?
If asset turnover ratio is more, it indicates that the assets of the company are properly utilized and vice versa.
For example, if we find that the asset turnover ratio is 0.6; that means net sales are 60% of the average total assets. Now, if the asset turnover ratio is 1; then the net sales are 100% of the average total assets.
When a company buys new machinery, the sole objective is to increase the sale.
By installing new machineries, the company can produce more products, and sell out more products as well.
As a result, the revenue of the company increases along the way.
However, if installing new machineries don’t result in increase in sales; that means either the machineries are defective or the company isn’t able to utilize the assets properly.
Asset Turnover Ratio Calculator
You can use the following Asset Turnover Ratio Calculator
Net Sales  
Average Total Assets  
Assets Turnover Ratio Formula =  
Assets Turnover Ratio Formula = 


Asset Turnover Ratio in Excel (with excel template)
Let us now do the same example above in Excel.
This is very simple. First, we need to calculate the net sales and then we will calculate the average total assets by using the simple average method.
You can easily calculate the ratio in the template provided.
You can download this asset turnover ratio template here – Asset Turnover Ratio Template
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