Financial Statement Analysis
- Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements (Formula, Types, Excel)
- Ratio Analysis Advantages
- Ratio Analysis
- Liquidity Ratios
- Cash Ratio
- Cash Ratio Formula
- Quick Ratio
- Quick Ratio Formula
- Current Ratio
- Current Ratio Formula
- Acid Test Ratio Formula
- Defensive Interval Ratio
- Working Capital Ratio
- Working Capital Formula
- Net Working Capital Formula
- Changes in Net Working Capital
- Current Ratio vs Quick Ratio
- Bid Ask Spread
- Liquidity vs Solvency
- Solvency Ratios
- Liquidity Risk
- Altman Z Score
- Turnover Ratios
- Profitability Ratios
- Profitability Ratios Formula
- Profit Margin
- Gross Profit Margin Formula
- Operating Profit Margin Formula
- Operating Income Formula
- Net Profit Margin Formula
- EBIDTA Margin
- Earnings Per Share
- Basic EPS
- Diluted EPS
- Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS
- Return on Equity (ROE)
- Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)
- Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)
- ROIC vs ROCE
- ROE vs ROA
- Cash on Cash Return
- Return on Total Assets (ROA)
- Return on Average Capital Employed
- Capital employed Employed
- Return on Average Assets (ROAA)
- Return on Average Equity (ROAE)
- Return on Assets Formula
- Return on Equity Formula
- DuPont Formula
- Net Interest Margin Formula
- Earnings Per Share Formula
- Diluted EPS Formula
- Contribution Margin Formula
- Unit Contribution Margin
- Revenue Per Employee Ratio
- Operating Leverage
- EBIT vs EBITDA
- Capital Gains Yield
- Tax Equivalent Yield
- LTM Revenue
- Operating Expense Ratio Formula
- Overhead Ratio Formula
- Variable Costing Formula
- Capitalization Rate
- Cap Rate Formula
- Comparative Income Statement
- Capacity Utilization Rate Formula
- Total Expense Ratio Formula
- Efficiency Ratios
- Dividend Ratios
- Debt Ratios
- Debt to Equity Ratio
- Debt Coverage Ratio
- Debt Ratio
- Debt to Income Ratio Formula (DTI)
- Capital Gearing Ratio
- Capitalization Ratio
- Interest Coverage Ratio
- Times Interest Earned Ratio
- Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR)
- Financial Leverage Ratio
- Financial Leverage Formula
- Net Debt Formula
- Leverage Ratios
- Operating Leverage vs Financial Leverage
- Current Yield
- Debt Yield Ratio
Table of Contents
What is Asset Turnover Ratio Formula?
Asset turnover ratio formula is an efficiency ratio that judges how efficiently a company uses its assets to generate revenue.
Here’s the asset turnover ratio formula –
Asset Turnover Ratio Formula Example
Now, let’s take a practical example of the asset turnover ratio formula
YMC Company has gross sales of $75,000 at the end of 2017. The sales return for the year was $5000. The total assets at the beginning of the year were $120,000 and at the end of the year were $160,000. Calculate the asset turnover ratio of YMC Company.
First of all, we need to calculate net sales.
- We have gross sales and that is $75,000.
- We also have a sales return and that is $5000.
- Then, the net sales would be = ($75,000 – $5000) = $70,000.
Now, we will calculate the average total assets by using the simple average method.
- The total assets at the beginning of the year were $120,000. And the total assets at the end of the year were $160,000.
- Then, the average total assets for the year would be = ($120,000 + $160,000) / 2 = $280,000 / 2 = $140,000.
Now, we will put the data into the formula.
- Asset Turnover Ratio formula = Net Sales / Average Total Assets
- = $70,000 / $140,000 = 0.50.
If we compare the asset turnover of YMC Company with the asset turnover of a similar company under the same industry, we would be able to tell 0.50 is a good number or not.
Explanation of Asset Turnover Ratio Formula
Asset turnover ratio formula is the opposite of asset to sales ratio. In this ratio, we look at the net sales and average total assets.
In the income statement, the first item is “gross sales”.
If we deduct “sales discount” or “sales return” from “gross sales”; we would get “net sales”.
On the other hand, to find the average total assets we need to look at the assets at the beginning of the year and the assets at the end of the year. And then we can take the average of the assets at the beginning and the assets at the ending.
If we want to go deep, we can use the weighted average method to calculate the average total assets.
Use of Asset Turnover Ratio Formula
Unlike the asset to sales ratio, in the case of asset turnover ratio calculation, more is better.
If this ratio is more, it indicates that the assets of the company are properly utilized and vice versa.
For example, if we find that the asset turnover ratio calculation is 0.6; that means net sales are 60% of the average total assets. Now, if this ratio is 1; then the net sales are 100% of the average total assets.
When a company buys new machinery, the sole objective is to increase the sale.
By installing new machinery, the company can produce more products, and sell out more products as well.
As a result, the revenue of the company increases along the way.
However, if installing new machinery don’t result in an increase in sales; that means either the machinery are defective or the company isn’t able to utilize the assets properly.
Asset Turnover Ratio Calculator
You can use the following Asset Turnover Ratio Calculator
|Assets Turnover Ratio Formula =||
Asset Turnover Ratio Formula in Excel (with excel template)
Let us now do the same example above in Excel.
This is very simple. First, we need to calculate the net sales and then we will calculate the average total assets by using the simple average method.
You can easily calculate the ratio in the template provided.
You can download this asset turnover ratio formula template here – Asset Turnover Ratio Template
Asset Turnover Ratio Formula Video
This has been a guide to Asset Turnover Ratio Formula, practical examples and asset turnover ratio calculator along with excel templates. You may also have a look at these articles below to learn more about Financial Analysis –