Capex Calculation

How to Calculate Capex?

Capex Calculation measures the total expenditure on the purchase of assets by the company in a given period of the time and the same is calculated by adding a net increase in the value of the Plant, Property, and Equipment of the company during the year with the depreciation expense during the same period.

Capital expenditure (Capex) refers to the expenditure made by the businesses in building or procuring capital assets. Capital assets are those who give benefits to the business for a period that lasts more than one year. There are two methods for Capex calculation –

  1. From Balance Sheet & Income Statement
  2. From Cash Flow Statement

Let us discuss each of the methods of Capex Calculation in detail.

Top 2 Methods for Capex Calculation

# 1 – Using Balance Sheet & Income Statement

Capex Calculation can be done as follows –

CAPEX Calculation = Net Increase in PP&E + Depreciation Expense

CAPEX Calculation

  • Net Increase in PPE – We can calculate the net increase in PP&E during a year by deducting PP&E value at the beginning of the year from PP&E value at the end of the year as:
    • Net Increase in PP&E = PP&E at the end of the year – PP&E at the Beginning of Year
  • Depreciation Expense – It can be obtained from the Income Statement
Example #1

ABC Ltd. had the following balances in relation to the Property, plant, and equipment in the financial statements.

calculation of capital expenditure example 1

example 1.1png

By using the above information, the amount of capital expenditures made by the company during the year can be calculated as under:

example 1.2png

Example #2

In the financial statement of Larsen and Turbo Limited, for the year ended March 31, 2018, the statement of financial position has the following information about the amount of capital expenditure made by the Company.

capex calculation example 3.1png

Source: LarsenTurbo.com

example 1.4png

#2 – From the Statement of Cash Flows

The amount of capital expenditure incurred by the entity can be interpreted from the cash flows from investing activities, a section of the statement of cash flows prepared by the entity.

Cash flows from Investing activity have the details of both, the amount spent on the purchase of capital assets and the amount received from the sale of capital assets. The amount of outflow for the purchase of capital assets is the amount of capital expenditure made by the entity.

Example #1

XYZ Limited has the following balances pertaining to the capital expenditure in the statement of cash flow of the company.

capital expenditure calculation example 2

By using the above information, the amount of capital expenditure made by the company can be computed as under:

calculation of capital expenditure example 2.1png

Net Capital Expenditure made by Company = 450 – 100

Net Capital Expenditure made by Company =350

Example #2

2. In the financial statement of Larsen and Toubro Limited, for the year ended March 31, 2018, the cash flow statement has following line items in cash generated from investing activities:

calculation of capex example 3

(Extracts from financial statement of Larsen and Toubro Limited)

Source: LarsenTurbo.com

From the example mentioned above, the calculation of Capex (capital expenditure) made by the company can be done as under:

calculation of capital expenditure example 2.2png

Amount of Capex made = -1136.78-123.32

Amount of Capex made = -1013.46

Conclusion

Capex made by an entity is majorly reflected in the Non-current assets, property, plant, and equipment section of the balance sheet of the entity. Also, the amount of cash outflow made by the company on capital expenditure is shown in the cash flow from investing activities section in the Statement of cash flows.  The amount of capex calculated as per the balance sheet approach and cash flow approach might differ due to reasons such as advance received against the sale, which is not yet reflected in asset balances in the balance sheet, amount not yet paid for the purchase of fixed assets, which doesn’t appear in the cash flow from investing activities.

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