Financial Statement Analysis
- Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements (Formula, Types, Excel)
- Ratio Analysis
- Liquidity Ratios
- Turnover Ratios
- Profitability Ratios
- Profit Margin
- Gross Profit Margin Formula
- Operating Profit Margin Formula
- Net Profit Margin Formula
- EBIDTA Margin
- Earnings Per Share
- Basic EPS
- Diluted EPS
- Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS
- Return on Equity (ROE)
- Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)
- Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)
- Return on Total Assets (ROA)
- Return on Average Capital Employed
- Capital employed Employed
- Return on Average Assets (ROAA)
- Return on Average Equity (ROAE)
- Return on Assets Formula
- Return on Equity Formula
- DuPont Formula
- Net Interest Margin Formula
- Earnings Per Share Formula
- Diluted EPS Formula
- Contribution Margin Formula
- Revenue Per Employee Ratio
- Operating Leverage
- EBIT vs EBITDA
- Capital Gains Yield
- Tax Equivalent Yield
- LTM Revenue
- Operating Expense Ratio Formula
- Overhead Ratio Formula
- Capacity Utilization Rate Formula
- Total Expense Ratio Formula
- Efficiency Ratios
- Dividend Ratios
- Debt Ratios
- Debt to Equity Ratio
- Debt Coverage Ratio
- Debt Ratio
- Debt to Income Ratio Formula (DTI)
- Capital Gearing Ratio
- Capitalization Ratio
- Interest Coverage Ratio
- Times Interest Earned Ratio
- Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR)
- Financial Leverage Ratio
- Net Debt Formula
- Leverage Ratios
- Operating Leverage vs Financial Leverage
- Current Yield
- Debt Yield Ratio
Current Ratio Formula
It is the most common ratio to calculate. And even if you ask any new investor, she will tell you about this ratio for sure.
Without any ado, let’s look at the Formula of Current Ratio below.
Current Ratio Example
Let’s take a simple Current Ratio example to illustrate current ratio formula.
Give Company has the following information –
- Sundry Debtors – $40,000
- Inventories – $30,000
- Prepaid Expenses – $5000
- Sundry Creditors – $25000
- Outstanding salaries – $10,000
Find out the CR of Give Company.
Here we have all the information. From the information given, we need to separate out the current assets and the current liabilities.
- Current Assets – Sundry Debtors, Inventories, Prepaid Expenses
- Current Liabilities – Sundry Creditors, Outstanding Salaries
Now, we will find out the total of current assets and current liabilities.
- Total Current Assets = (Sundry Debtors + Inventories + Prepaid Expenses) = ($40,000 + $30,000 + $5000) = $75,000
- Total Current Liabilities = (Sundry Creditors + Outstanding Salaries) = ($25,000 + $10,000) = $35,000.
- CR of Give Company is = Current Assets / Current Liabilities = $75,000 / $35,000 = 2.14.
Colgate Current Ratio Example
Current Ratio is calculated as Current Assets of Colgate divided by Current Liabilities of Colgate.
- CR of Colgate (2010) = 3,730 / 3,728 = 1.00x
- CR of Colgate (2011) = 4,402 / 3,716 = 1.18x
- CR of Colgate (2012) = 4,556 / 3,736 = 1.22x
- CR of Colgate (2013) = 4,822 / 4,470 = 1.08x
For more details, refer to Ratio Analysis excel
Explanation of Current Ratio Formula
The current ratio is calculated because the investor wants to know how liquid a firm is. It is one of the liquidity ratios that are easy to calculate. And it also gives a quick idea about the liquidity of the company.
To calculate current ratio, all we need are current assets and current liabilities.
Current assets include assets that can be liquidated within a year from now. If an asset can’t be liquidated within a year, it wouldn’t come under current assets.
It is similar with current liabilities. If the liability can’t be paid off within one year, we can’t consider it under current liabilities.
|Current Assets||Current Liabilities|
|Cash & cash equivalents||Accounts Payable|
|Accounts receivable, or trade receivables||Accrued Compensation|
|Notes receivable maturing within one year||Other accrued expenses|
|Other receivables||Accrued Income Taxes|
|Inventory of raw materials, WIP, finished goods||Short Term notes|
|Office supplies||Current Portion of Long term debt|
Use of Current Ratio Formula
Why is this ratio called a liquidity ratio? It’s because it has two components in its – current assets and current liabilities.
Through this ratio, we look at whether the firm has enough current assets to pay off its current liabilities. It means if we liquidate all of the current assets of the company, whether the company would have enough cash to pay off its current liabilities. Therefore, if a company has more current assets and less current liabilities, it is a great position for a company to be in, in terms of liquidity.
As an investor, you don’t know whether the company has enough current assets to pay off its current liabilities. That’s why you need to use this ratio. And once the investor finds out the this ratio of the company, she needs to go ahead and look at this ratio of similar companies under the same industry. And then she would check whether the current ratio of the target company is appropriate.
For current ratio example, if Company A is the investor’s target company, she will first look at the current ratio of Company A (let’s say 3). And then she will look at the this ratio of other companies under similar industry to check whether the this ratio of the target company in the desired range.
Current Ratio Calculator
You can use the following Current Ratio Calculator
|Current Ratio Formula =||
Current Ratio Formula in Excel (with excel template)
Let us now do the same current ratio example above in Excel. This is very simple. You need to provide the two inputs of Current Assets and Current Liabilities.
You can easily calculate the ratio in the template provided. Now, we will find out the total of current assets and current liabilities with the formula of current ratio.
Now to find the ratio of given Company, we will use the following current ratio formula.
You can download this Current ratio template here – Current Ratio Excel Template
This has been a guide to Current Ratio Formula, practical Current Ratio example, and Current Ratio calculator along with excel templates. You may also have a look at these articles below to learn more about Financial Analysis –