Financial Modeling Tutorials
- Financial Modeling Basics
- Excel Modeling
- Financial Functions in Excel
- Sensitivity Analysis in Excel
- Time Value of Money
- Future Value Formula
- Present Value Factor
- Perpetuity Formula
- Present Value vs Future Value
- Annuity vs Pension
- Present Value of an Annuity
- Doubling Time Formula
- Annuity Formula
- Annuity vs Perpetuity
- Annuity vs Lump Sum
- Internal Rate of Return (IRR)
- NPV vs XNPV
- NPV vs IRR
- NPV Formula
- PV vs NPV
- IRR vs ROI
- Break Even Point
- Payback Period & Discounted Payback Period
- Payback period Formula
- Discounted Payback Period Formula
- Profitability Index
- Cash Burn Rate
- Simple Interest
- Simple Interest vs Compound Interest
- Simple Interest Formula
- CAGR Formula (Compounded Annual Growth Rate)
- Effective Interest Rate
- Loan Amortization Schedule
- Mortgage Formula
- Loan Principal Amount
- Interest Rate Formula
- Rate of Return Formula
- Effective Annual Rate
- Effective Annual Rate Formula (EAR)
- Daily Compound Interest
- Monthly Compound Interest Formula
- Discount Rate vs Interest Rate
- Rule of 72
- Geometric Mean Return
- Real Rate of Return Formula
- Continuous compounding Formula
- Weighted average Formula
- Average Formula
- Average Rate of Return Formula
- Mean Formula
- Weighted Mean Formula
- Harmonic Mean Formula
- Median Formula in Statistics
- Range Formula
- Expected Value Formula
- Exponential Growth Formula
- Margin of Error Formula
- Decrease Percentage Formula
- Percent Error Formula
- Holding Period Return Formula
- Cost Benefit Analysis
- Cost Volume Profit Analysis
- Opportunity Cost Formula
- Mortgage APR vs Interest Rate
- Regression Formula
- Correlation Coefficient Formula
- Covariance Formula
- Coefficient of Variation Formula
- Sample Standard Deviation Formula
- Relative Standard Deviation Formula
- Volatility Formula
- Binomial Distribution Formula
- Quartile Formula
- P Value Formula
- Skewness Formula
- Regression vs ANOVA
Payback Period Formula
Payback period is one of the most popular formulas used by investors. Through payback, they want to know how long it would generally take to recoup their initial investments.
Here’s the payback period formula –
Example of Payback Formula
Let’s take an example of payback period formula.
High Rise Ltd. has been looking at different investments. They have short-listed three investments that seem to be attractive enough in terms of return. Among these three, they want to choose just one. The only criterion of this selection is the payback formula.
Here is a snapshot of three investments –
- Initial investment – $100,000; Cash inflow per year – $20,000.
- Initial investment – $150,000; Cash inflow per year – $50,000.
- Initial investment – $120,000; Cash inflow per year – $60,000.
From the point of view of payback, which project High Rise Ltd. should choose?
First, let’s calculate the payback period of the above investments.
The Payback Formula = Initial investment made / Net annual cash inflow
- For Investment A, the payback is = $100,000 / $20,000 = 5 years.
- For Investment B, the payback is = $150,000 / $50,000 = 3 years.
- For Investment C, the payback is = $120,000 / $60,000 = 2 years.
On the basis of payback, High Rise Ltd. should choose Investment C since the payback of this particular investment is significantly lower.
Explanation of Payback Formula
Let’s take an example to illustrate the payback. Let’s say that you have enrolled for an MBA. The fees for the MBA programme are $100,000. The institute has promised that if you can complete your MBA programme successfully, you would get a job which would pay around $50,000 per annum in the beginning.
So, if you make a rough calculation of how much time it would take to get back the money you have invested in your MBA programme, then you need to calculate the payback. And here’s what you should do.
You just need to divide your initial investment by the salary you would expect to get. Actually, you should do this calculation before you ever decide to invest in an MBA programme.
And here’s the calculation for the payback (the above example) = $100,000 / $50,000 = 2 years.
Use of Payback Formula
Payback formula is widely used.
There are few reasons why this method is so very popular –
- First of all, payback Period formula is very easy to calculate. All you need to remember is the initial investment and the cash inflow in near future.
- Secondly, payback Period formula gives a tentative period of time to recoup your initial investment and as a result, you can make a prudent decision.
However, payback has few limitations as well.
- Firstly, the calculation of payback is overly simplistic. As a result, you may find it easy to calculate; but the result is not very accurate.
- Secondly, payback doesn’t take the time value of money into the account. The value of $100 today won’t be same in the next year.
- Thirdly, payback doesn’t track the ultimate profitability of the project. It concentrates too much on recouping the initial investments.
You can use the following Payback Period Calculator
|Payback Period Formula =||
Payback Period in Excel (with excel template)
Let us now do the same example as above in Excel. This is very simple. You need to provide the two inputs of Initial investment made and Net annual cash inflow.
You can easily calculate the Payback in the template provided.
This has been a guide to Payback period formula, its usefulness along with examples. Here we also provide you with payback period calculator along with Payback Period Formula excel template download. You may also have a look at these articles below to learn more about Corporate Finance.