Difference Between ACCA and CS
The full form of ACCA is the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants and after obtaining this degree a student can pursue his career in multinational companies or an Indian company working for offshore clients while CS stands for Company Secretary and the individuals with this degree can work as legal experts, chief advisor, corporate planner, and executive secretary.
Gone are the days when crunching numbers was a career for the nerds. Today accounting professionals are all about glamorous and powerful figures that are at the helm of a company by the virtue of their accounting skills. And if reading this has got you tempted, please take a minute to read about the different exams, cost and advantage of pursuing a career in this field.
Following is the order of the article;
- What is the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA)?
- What is Company Secretaryship (CS)?
- Educational Requirement
- Why pursue ACCA?
- Why pursue CS?
What is ACCA?
The ACCA or the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants is a body that recognizes the qualification of a CA. ACCA is a global body based in Glasgow UK which works in the interest of the public to ensure that the chartered accountants work according to the principles-based and ensures that the regulations set are properly followed.
The ACCA offers the certification in chartered accountancy and the exam known as ACCA is most recognized in the commonwealth countries.
What is CS?
A Company Secretary is an important accounting designation in a company. A CS in a company is the mediator between the board of directors, shareholders, government and other agencies. The CS has the required expertise in legal matters, securities law, capital market, and corporate governance to regulate a company according to the compliances charted out.
The Institute of Company Secretaries of India” (ICSI)-a premier National Professional body offers the course for Company Secretaryship. The professional body set up by the Act of Parliament imparts the course through Distance Learning and also provides the “Course Material” for all the subjects at the time of Registration. It also provides the option for Optional Oral Coaching classes enabling the students to attain the designation of Company Secretary.
ACCA vs CS Infographics
|You need to be a high school pass out to appear for the examination. In case of a higher degree, you can request yourself to be exempted from papers you have already studied for at the fundamental level.||Students who wish to join the CS course after passing out high school or 10+2 requires undergoing three stages of the Company Secretary Course while a graduate student would have to undergo two stages. The three stages of Company Secretaries Course are
|The ACCA provides study material in the form of guide books and sample papers for the students to follow. The organization is involved in the preparing process and provides a list of ACCA approved Learning Partners to ensure you come out with flying colors in the exam.||The ICSI Associations provides the study material for the course to every candidate at the time of the registration. The institution also provides the option of Oral Coaching Classes to benefit the students.|
|You need to give 14 papers which are divided in the following format. 9 papers of the Fundamental Level and 5 papers of the Professional Level. The question papers are divided into three patterns of questions, objective type, longer type, and case studies.||A candidate requires to successfully clear 18 papers divided into three programs to attain the CS designation. The Foundation Program has four papers and the Executive Program has six, while the Professional Program comprises of ten papers. In addition to this, a student is required to undergo 15 months of training after passing the executive or professional program.|
ACCA vs CS Comparative Table
|Certification Organised By||Association of Chartered Certified Accountants||The Institute of Company Secretaries of India|
|Levels and Exam Window||ACCA exams are conducted in the months of March, June and September every year.|
There are two levels to be cleared Fundamental and Professional.
|CS Executive Registration for December 2017 is 28th Feb 2017.
CS Exam June 2017 on 3rd and 4th June 2017. CS Professional exams will be conducted from 1st June 2017 to 10th June 2017
|Subjects||Fundamental Level Knowledge Module (3 papers)|
F1 - Accountant in Business
F2 - Management Accounting
F3 - Financial Accounting
Skills Module (6 papers)
F4 - Corporate and Business Law
F5 - Performance Management
F6 - Taxation
F7 - Financial Reporting
F8 - Audit and Assurance
F9 - Financial Management
Essentials Module (3 papers)
P1 - Governance Risk and Ethics
P2 - Corporate Reporting
P3 - Business Analysis
Options Module (2 papers to be completed)
P4 - Advanced Financial Management
P5 - Advanced Performance Management
P6 - Advanced Taxation
P7 - Advanced Audit and Assurance
|There are 4 papers in CS Foundation Programme
•English and Business Communication
•Economics and Statistics
•Elements of Business Laws and Management
There are 6 papers divided into 2 Modules in CS Executive Programme
•General and Commercial Laws
•Company Accounts, Cost and Management Accounting
•Economic and Labour Laws
•Securities Laws and Compliances
There are 8 papers divided into 4 Modules in CS Professional Programme
•Company Secretarial Practice
•Drafting, Appearances and Pleadings
•Financial, Treasury and Forex Management
•Corporate Restructuring & Insolvency
•Strategic Management, Alliances and International Trade
•Advanced Tax Laws and Practice
•Due Diligence and Corporate Compliance Management
•Governance, Business Ethics and Sustainability
|Fees||£450 is the registration fee||Foundation Examination Exemption Fee , Registration Fee and Education Fee for Executive Programme Total fees 12500|
|Pass Percentage||The pass percentages of the last exam in December, 2016 are as follows – 82% (F1), 63% (F2), 71% (F3), 82% (F4), 40% (F5), 52% (F6), 50% (F7), 40% (F8), 45% (F9) and 49% (P1), 51% (P2), 49% (P3), 33% (P4), 30% (P5), 34% (P6), 31% (P7)|
Please refer to the link for ACCA pass percentage
|CS Pass Percentage 40%|
|Job opportunities||• auditing - conducting independent checks on organizations’ financial statements|
• tax – eg dealing with tax returns or advising organizations about tax
• corporate finance – advising businesses about mergers and acquisitions
• business recovery and insolvency – steering businesses through difficulties or winding them up
• Forensic accounting – detecting and preventing fraud.
|Associate CS, CS, Board of directors, managing director, chairman|
|Pro - Tip||Boosts your career prospects so plan out your study time well.||The Program cannot be pursued by Arts student.|
Why Pursue ACCA?
ACCA certificate holders are recognized all around the world. ACCA exams can be attempted twice in a year with 400+ locations to choose from around the world making it easy for a candidate to give the exam from a nearby location. An ACCA holder is not required to be practically trained under experienced accountants and is ready to start his career after the completion of his course. Thus he does not lose out time on internships and jumps the practical grinding from the very beginning.
ACCA registration is a much simpler process and is more cost-effective. ACCA prepares you for both financial and management roles, making it easier for you to choose careers in different sectors and industries. ACCA’s qualification is recognized by employers and students who have passed out ACCA are known for their quality and excellence, making it easy for employers to rely on their ability and knowledge while hiring them.
Why pursue CS?
CS is a great option for students who have already graduated or are pursuing law. Most often a simultaneous attempt to clear both are seen as it enhances a great deal of value for a candidate in the corporate market. A CS does not require crunching too many numbers as the course is more theoretical and therefore suits students from varied courses.
A CS can be basically termed as the chief compliance of a company and hence this designation is associated with prestige and a great deal of job satisfaction. The opportunity to shine in the future is immense due to the prospects it offers as well as the demand for such trained people in the market.
This has been a guide to ACCA vs CS. Here we discuss the differences between ACCA and CS along with infographics and comparative table. You may also have a look at the following articles –