VBA File Copy

Excel VBA FileCopy Function

File Copy is an inbuilt vba function used to copy the file from one location to another mentioned location. To use this function, we need to mention the current file path and destination file path.

Ok, let us look at the syntax of the FileCopy function.

FileCopy syntax
  • Source: This is nothing but from where we need to copy the file. We need to mention the fully qualified folder path.
  • Destination: This is the destination folder where we need to paste the copied file.

Examples

Below are the examples of how to copy files using VBA CodeUsing VBA CodeVBA code refers to a set of instructions written by the user in the Visual Basic Applications programming language on a Visual Basic Editor (VBE) to perform a specific task.read more.

You can download this VBA File Copy Excel Template here – VBA File Copy Excel Template

Example #1

Let’s start with a simple example. I have a file named “Sales April 2019” in the folder. Below is the image of the same, i.e., “Source.”

VBA FileCopy Example 1

From the above location, I want to copy this file and paste it to a different folder. Below is the image of the same, i.e., “Destination Source.”

VBA FileCopy Example 1-1

Ok, let’s write the code for it.

Open FileCopy function inside the Sub procedure.

Code:

Sub FileCopy_Example1()

FileCopy

End Sub

VBA FileCopy Example 1-2

Now for the first argument, we need to mention the file path where our currency is in.

Code:

Sub FileCopy_Example1()

FileCopy “D:My FilesVBAApril Files

End Sub

VBA File Copy Example 1-1

After mentioning the folder path, we need to mention the file with a file extension as well. So mention the file name by putting a backslash ().

Code:

Sub FileCopy_Example1()

FileCopy "D:My FilesVBAApril FilesSales April 2019.xlsx",

End Sub
Provide File Name

Now in the second argument, mention where we need to paste the copied file.

Code:

Sub FileCopy_Example1()

FileCopy "D:My FilesVBAApril FilesSales April 2019.xlsx", "D:My FilesVBADestination FolderSales April 2019.xlsx"

End Sub
Paste Destination Path

One thing we need to do hereafter mentioning the folder path at the end, we need to mention the file name as well in the destination argument.

Now run the code using the F5 key or manually. Then, it will copy the file from the below location to a destination location.

“D:My FilesVBAApril FilesSales April 2019.xlsx”

“D:My FilesVBADestination FolderSales April 2019.xlsx”

Destination Path

Example #2 – Use Variables to Store Source Path and Destination Path.

In the previous example, we have supplied the source path and destination path directly to the formula. But this is not the best practice to continue, so let’s store them in variables.

For example, look at the below code.

Code:

Sub FileCopy_Example2()

Dim SourcePath As String
Dim DestinationPath As String

SourcePath = "D:My FilesVBAApril FilesSales April 2019.xlsx"
DestinationPath = "D:My FilesVBADestination FolderSales April 2019.xlsx"

FileCopy SourcePath, DestinationPath

End Sub
Code #2

Let me explain the code in detail for you.

First, I have declared two variables.

Dim SourcePath As String

Dim DestinationPath As String

Then for the first variable, I have assigned the folder path from where it has to copy the file and the file name along with its file extension.

SourcePath = "D:My FilesVBAApril FilesSales April 2019.xlsx"

For the second variable, similarly, I have assigned the destination folder path with the file name and excel extension.Excel Extension.Excel extensions represent the file format. It helps the user to save different types of excel files in various formats. For instance, .xlsx is used for simple data, and XLSM is used to store the VBA code.read more

DestinationPath = "D:My FilesVBADestination FolderSales April 2019.xlsx"

Then for the formula FileCopy, I have supplied these variables instead of lengthy folder path strings.

FileCopy SourcePath, DestinationPath

Like this, we can use variables to store the paths and use them efficiently.

Example #3 – Error with File Copy Function

Sometimes File Copy function encounters an error of “Permission Denied.”

Error

The reason why we get this error because when the copying file is opened and if you try to copy the above error comes, so always close the file and execute the code.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to VBA File Copy. Here we discuss how to copy excel files from one directory to another using the FileCopy function along with examples. Below you can find some useful excel VBA articles –

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