Differences Between Bitcoin and Ethereum
The programming language of Bitcoin is C++, where the transactions take minutes to get confirmed. In contrast, in the case of Ethereum, the solidity programming language is used. As a result, it takes seconds to ensure any transaction.
The principle of distributed ledgers and cryptography dictates Bitcoin and Ethereum, but the two differ technically.
Table of contents
What is Bitcoin?
- Bitcoin is a global digital currency. It allows people to own money instead of letting the banks or other agencies maintain them.
- It also uses a blockchain. The blockchain is a tamper-proof record of all transactions on the network, accessible to all participants, thus increasing the reliability of bitcoins. The blockchain provides many benefits. For example, they improve efficiency, minimum risk, and compliance in regulatory matters.
- They are not physically present; they are only public and private keys.
- Bitcoins are yet to be recognized as a traditional medium of payment. However, they have created a strong place in the financial industry. That is why people speak and debate a lot about them.
- The best part of BitcoinBitcoinBitcoin is a digital currency that came into existence in January 2009, speculated to be created by Satoshi Nakamato, whose true identity is yet to be authenticated. It provides lower transaction fees than the traditional online payment systems, is controlled by the decentralized authority, and is not like government-issued currencies. is that it charges a meager amount of fees compared to any other traditional medium of payment. In addition, a decentralized authority regulates it, unlike those currencies that the government issues.
- It also provides financial stability for people who live in countries with unstable currencies.
What is Ethereum?
Most people do not know about Ethereum because it is not a digital currencyDigital CurrencyDigital currency is a currency found only in an electronic form as it is used for trading over the internet. They are famous for allowing transparent and secured digital payments. Although their popularity is constantly growing, their adoption as a reliable alternative to physical money is nowhere close. Some of the popular digital currencies are Ethereum, Bitcoin, and Litecoin.. Ethereum is completely built on blockchain technology with many variations. It helps build smart contractsSmart ContractsSmart contracts are digital transaction protocols that verify, control, and self-execute an agreement, embedded in computerized codes on a blockchain, if parties meet predefined rules. Unlike traditional (physical) ones, these contracts occur among anonymous parties and are enforced automatically without the involvement of any third party. and the revolutionary Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM). In addition, Ethereum has a currency called Ether that helps in creating peer-to-peer agreements.
- Ether has two functions. Firstly, it is treated as another cryptocurrencyCryptocurrencyCryptocurrency refers to a technology that acts as a medium for facilitating the conduct of different financial transactions which are safe and secure. It is one of the tradable digital forms of money, allowing the person to send or receive the money from the other party without any help of the third party service. and regularly used as a digital currency. Secondly, it is also utilized for monetizing work and running applications in Ethereum.
- The potential usages of Ethereum are wide and are run on its platform-specific cryptographic token, ether. As a result, many developers want to utilize Ether as a pass to create applications and ensure that they run inside Ethereum.
- One of the best things about Ethereum is that it is the most reliable decentralized software ever. It is also the largest and most open-ended company that creates Distributed Applications (DApps) and smart contracts. DApps are built so there can never be third-party interference like fraud, downtime, or control.
- Along with being a platform, Ethereum also acts as a programming language called “Solidity.” This programming language runs on blockchains. Developers may use this language to create and publish applications.
- Furthermore, the smart contracts system of Ethereum helps provide enhanced security than usual, a traditional method of contracts. As a result, pare down the related costs.
Bitcoin vs Ethereum Infographics
Let us see the top differences between Bitcoin and Ethereum.
- While both are mostly compared for their cryptocurrencies, one of the main differences is that bitcoin is a more stable currency if we compare them. However, Ethereum promises to enclose a wider range of applications with Ether.
- Although bitcoin and Ethereum charge fewer transaction costs, they still charge transactions differently. The strangest thing is when you use Ethereum; you need to take care of three factors to reduce the cost – bandwidth usage, storage needs, and transaction complexity. In addition, the block size limits the transactions, and each transaction competes with the other.
- More than two-thirds of all the available bitcoins have been mined, and the rest choose the early miners. In comparison, around 50% of Ethereum coins have been mined.
Bitcoin vs Ethereum Comparative Table
|Basis of comparison
|What is it?
|0053 Secure hash algorithm, SHA-256
|Programming Language Used
|The transaction is completed in approximately 10 minutes.
|The transaction is conducted in 10 to 20 seconds.
|Deflationary (one can make a finite amount of bitcoin).
|Inflationary (like fiat currency, where one can make more tokens over time).
|Bitcoins help buy products or services and help store their value. So, for example, we can speak about gold and how we use it.
|Ethereum helps in making decentralized applications that are also called DApps.
Both operate on “blockchain” technology. However, Ethereum is far more robust, allowing decentralized applications to be built on top. Ethereum is an advancement based on the principle of the blockchain that supports bitcoin but with a purpose that does not compete with bitcoin.
This article is a guide to Bitcoin vs Ethereum. We discuss the top differences between bitcoin and ethereum, infographics, and a comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles for gaining further knowledge in finance: –