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Labor Force Participation Rate Formula

Updated on April 4, 2024
Article byHarsh Katara
Edited byHarsh Katara
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

Formula to Calculate Labor Force Participation Rate

The labor force participation formula refers to the formula used to calculate the active workforce of the economy concerning its total population. As per the formula, the labor force participation rate is calculated by dividing the total number of persons available for work by the total population.

Key Takeaways

  • The labor force participation formula estimates the economy’s workforce about its total population. 
  • According to the formula, the labor force participation rate is determined by dividing the person’s total number accessible for labor by the total population.
  • The high labor force participation rate ratio means the higher the nation’s population is interested in working.
  • As per most definitions, employed persons above 16 years of age generally exclude working in homemaking or self-service and volunteers. In addition, unemployed people shall exclude those who did not look for a job in the last four weeks.
  • The working-age population should involve everyone other than minors below the age of 16, military personnel, and elderly care centers.

Below given is the formula used to calculate the labor force participation rate:

Labor Force Participation Rate = Labor Force/Working Age Population
Labor-Force-Participation-Rate

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For eg:
Source: Labor Force Participation Rate Formula (wallstreetmojo.com)

Where,

  • The labor force is the sum of workers that are employed and unemployed.

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Calculation of Labor Force Participation Rate (Step-by-Step)

The formula for the labor force participation rate can be divided into the following steps:

  1. First, we need to identify the labor force, the summation of employed workers, whether on a salaried or self-basis.

  2. Most definitions define employed persons above the age of 16 and generally exclude those working in homemaking or self-service and volunteers.

  3. Unemployed people shall also exclude those who are less than 16 years of age and those who did not look for a job in the last four weeks.

  4. The working-age population shall include everyone except for minor persons below the age of 16, people in elderly care centers, and military personnel.

  5. When you sum up the employed and unemployed people that shall form the labor force and divide that result by working-age participation, the result will be the labor force participation rate.

Examples

You can download this Labor Force Participation Rate Formula Excel Template here – Labor Force Participation Rate Formula Excel Template

Example #1

According to records, the working-age population of country XYZ was 233,450 thousand, the workers employed were 144,090 thousand, and unemployed workers were 11,766 thousand. Therefore, you must calculate the country XYZ’s labor force participation.

Solution

Use the below-given data for the calculation of the labor force participation rate.

  • Workers that are employed: 144090.00
  • Unemployed workers: 11766.00
  • Working-age population: 233450.00

Calculation of Labor Force

Labor Force Participation Rate Formula Example 1.1
  • = 144,090 + 11,766
  • = 155,856 

Therefore, the calculation of the labor force participation rate is as follows,

Labor Force Participation Rate Formula Example 1.2
  • = 155,856 / 233,450

Labor Force Participation Rate will be – 

 Example 1.3
  • = 66.76%

Example #2

Country PQR is an emerging nation and is a small country. It has recently adopted the US Bureau of Labor Statistics framework to calculate its labor force participation rate. The following details have been derived from a public domain maintained by the ministry of labor of the country.

  • Total population of a country: 25344177.00
  • People below minority age (16 yrs): 412766.00
  • People in elderly care centers: 1323789.00
  • Housewives solely looking for home activities: 7433901.00
  • Self-employed people: 5333881.00
  • Volunteers: 412766.00

As per the criteria, the working-age population shall exclude those they cannot employ, like people below 16 years of age, elders, and military citizens. The other labor force will avoid those they cannot engage.

Based on the above information, you must calculate the labor participation rate.

Solution

In this example, we are not directly given the labor workforce or working population.

Hence, we shall calculate the working-age population first by excluding minority-age people, militants, and elderly care centers.

Calculation of Working Age Population

 Example 2.1
  • =25344177.00 – 412766.00 – 1323789.0
  • =23607622.00

Now, we shall calculate the labor force where we must avoid housewives and volunteers they cannot employ.

Calculation of Labor Force

Example 2.2
  • =23607622-7433901-5333881-412766
  • =10427074

Therefore, the calculation of the labor force participation rate is as follows:

Example 2.3

=  10,427,074/ 23,607,622

Labor Force Participation Rate will be – 

Labor Force Participation Rate Formula Example 2.4
  • =  44.17%

As per the definition in the example, the labor participation rate is 44.17%.

Example #3

McDonald’s wants to open a new franchise, either in-country V or Z. The deciding criteria are to invest in a country with a youth population since it will prefer to employ them. Further, for their business, youth is chosen.

Below are the details for the two countries:

ParticularsCountry VCountry Z
Workers that are employed227044.00216135.00
Unemployed Workers17649.0017649.00
Working-age population1089115.001199705.00
Labor Force244693.00233784.00

The criteria are to select the country with a higher labor participation rate.

Solution

Country V

Therefore, the calculation of the labor force participation rate is as follows:

 Example 3.1
  •  =  2,44,693.00 /10,89,115.00

Labor Force Participation Rate will be – 

Example 3.2

=  22.47%

Country Z

Therefore, calculation of labor force participation rate is as follows,

Example 3.3
  • = 2,33,784.00 /11,99,705.00

Labor Force Participation Rate will be – 

Labor Force Participation Rate Formula Example 3.4
  • = 19.49%

Labor Force Participation Rate Calculator

You can use this calculator to calculate the labor force participation rate.

Labor Force
Working Age Population
Labor Force Participation Rate Formula
 

Labor Force Participation Rate Formula =
Labor Force
=
Working Age Population
0
= 0
0

Relevance and Uses

As stated earlier, we can define the labor force participation rate formula as the percentage of the working-age population, which is the share of the labor force. It measures what ratio and proportion of a nation’s population are either actively looking for employment or employed. The higher the labor force participation rate ratio, which we can understand, the higher the nation’s population is keen or interested in working.

We should analyze this ratio and unemployment Unemployment Unemployment refers to a situation where individuals capable of working seek active opportunities for work but cannot find any for various reasons.read more data to understand the overall employment status better. There could be situations wherein recession, and the economyEconomyAn economy comprises individuals, commercial entities, and the government involved in the production, distribution, exchange, and consumption of products and services in a society.read more is really bad, there may be discouragement in labors to work which could mislead the results.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is a good labor force participation rate?

The ideal labor force participation rate varies depending on a country’s economic, social, and cultural factors. However, a higher participation rate is considered better since it reflects more of the population actively participating in the labor markets.

What is the labor force participation rate formula in Excel?

The labor force participation rate formula in Excel is as follows:
Actual indicator of labor = Basic LFPR+SC (the raising/lowering criteria sum)
The base one must be 1 or 100. The lowering criteria for the work contribution are deducted from the primary labor indicator. The ones which are increasing are added.

What is the difference between the unemployment rate and the labor force participation rate formula?

The difference between the unemployment rate and the labor force participation rate formula is that the unemployment rate estimates the labor force percentage who are currently unemployed. In contrast, this formula measures the economy’s workforce concerning the total population.

Recommended Articles

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