Penny Stock

What are Penny Stock/Shares?

Penny Stock refers to the stocks of the public companies having low market capitalization which are mostly illiquid and are traded in the market at a low price (typically less than $5 per share). These stocks are usually listed on smaller exchanges and trade via over the counter transactions, although some stocks also trade on large exchanges like the NYSE.



There is a stock that is currently trading in the market at a price of $ 2. As the price of the share is significantly less, this will fall under the category of penny stock. Now Mr. X owns 60,000 stock at $ 2 each. Suddenly the price of the stock increased to $ 4 and gave a return of 100 % to Mr. X. This increase in the price of a stock from $ 2 to $ 4 gave Mr. X $ 120,000 in one single day. This earning is not possible when the large stocks are considered because, in the case of such stock, large capital is required to buy such a high volume of shares.


  1. Low Price per Share – The price per share of such stocks is significantly less, which is the main advantage as from the point of the investors, there is no requirement of a large amount of capital to start the investment.
  2. Increase in Investment Options – It is easy for the investors to buy the penny stocks because they are readily available for the general public to buy. Since the prices are very low, the investors can buy many shares with less capital. It increases the options for the investors as he can at a time, buy many of such stocks.
  3. High Potential Rewards – They have the massive potential of generating a higher profit to those people who can manage their investment property by conducting research and monitoring as there are substantial stock fluctuations in penny stocks.


  • New Companies with No History – Most of the companies whose shares are being traded in the market as the penny stocks are the newly formed companies or startups. The chances are high that these companies have no or poor track record, or even some might be approaching bankruptcy. This lack of information about the company makes it difficult for the investors to gain full knowledge about the company, determine the potential of the stock, and whether it is worth investing in that stock or not.
  • Lack of Liquidity – Mostly, they are not liquid, and it is possible that whenever the investor wants to sell his stock, he will not get any buyer for the same. To sell his stocks in case of requirement of funds, he might have to lower the price of the share.
  • Hard to Make an Informed Decision – For generating the revenue out of the investments, it is required that one should have proper knowledge and information about the company and its stocks to make an informed decision. In the case of the penny stocks, it is difficult to get the proper information as compared with the well-established companies where it is easy to get the information that is transparent, too, as they come from credible sources. In the case of such stocks, even if the information is available, it is highly probable that they do not come from credible sources.

Important Points

  • There prevails enormous volatility in the case of penny stocks, so if a person investing in these stocks does not pay attention properly to these stocks, then he could end up being penniless. One should conduct proper research before investing and then monitoring it in the right way.
  • It is reasonable means of raising funds in order to start and grow the business, which is generally used by the small companies and the startups as it is one of the quickest and effective means of raising the capital through the process is lengthy.
  • Although sizable gain can be there when trading is done in the penny stocks as there is enormous volatility in the market, at the same time, there prevails considerable risk as well of losing the significant investment amount even in a short period.
  • There is no guaranteed safeguard of the penny stocks. Still, SEC recommends some warning signs to the investors which such as if there is any spam in the company, there are large assets in a company but at the same time revenue is small, there is an unusual item in financial statement’s footnotes, any odd issues in the audit, etc. These warnings should be considered by investors before investing.
  • Many skills are required in case one is trading in the penny shares and want to earn profits by overcoming risk. These skills include knowledge of the share market and patience. Also, the investor should invest a small amount in the beginning, get as much as possible information about stocks and markets.


Thus it can be concluded that the penny stock refers to the stock of the small companies which trades typically for the amount per share less than $ 5. These stocks usually are listed on smaller exchanges and trade via otc through the otc bulletin board, although some of the penny stocks also trade on the large exchanges like the stock exchange of new york. Although sizable gain can be there when trading is done in the penny stocks as there is enormous volatility in the market, at the same time, there prevails considerable risk as well of losing the significant investment amount even in a short period. So, along with large returns, there prevail large risks as well.

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