Private Equity Tutorials
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- Private Equity in UK
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Private Equity in UK (United Kingdom) – How is private equity in UK like? Is it more affluent market than USA? Do they have job opportunities? If one wants to get into the Private Equity in United Kingdom (UK), would it be smooth?
In this article, we will get answers of all of the questions asked above and more.
Let’s look at the sequence of the article –
- Overview of Private Equity in UK
- Private Equity Services Offered in UK
- Top Private Equity firms in UK
- Private Equity Recruitment in UK
- Private Equity Culture in United Kingdom
- Salaries in Private Equity in United Kingdom
- Private Equity Exit Opportunities in UK
Overview of Private Equity in UK
Things are not as bright as they seemed just 5 years ago. UK’s private equity market is wimping out in terms of investment deals. As a result, start-ups and small businesses have been finding it hard to expand their base and making their mark.
In 2016, the number of equity investments has been curtailed by 18%, compared to the previous year. Compared to the 1460 deals in 2015, in 2016, the number of deals was just 1203.
Even in 2014 as well, the investment deals in UK has been drastically reduced. Compared to the 1473 deals in 2013, in 2014, the investment deals which reached their fruition were just 1349.
While the things are looking dim and apprehensions of the future loom large, there is good news. Though this has nothing to do with private equity, but still the start-ups in UK are being saved for this. Instead of going for the similar route, start-ups are looking for crowd-funding options which can help them create immediate cash-flow for their operations/expansion.
But if you happen to be in London, you can still rock the market. According to the research done by Preqin (as of June, 2016), it was found that 81% of all UK fund managers are located in London and collectively raised 302 billion Euros which happens to be the 96% of all capital that has been raised in the last 10 years.
So, if you look to work and thrive in private equity market, London would be your go-to-city as of now.
If you are new to private equity, you may learn from the Private Equity Introduction Guide
Private Equity Services Offered in UK
Top Private Equity in UK provide basically three services to its clients. We will have a look at one of the top private equity firms, but before that let’s investigate what are those 3 fundamental services that Private Equity in the UK offer –
- Initial Public Offering (IPO): Private equity firms provide funds for private companies; but also for companies which want to go public. And to go for an IPO is a hugely expensive task. Where would the money come from? Private Equity firms would be at your rescue. Along with funding for IPO, private equity firm also helps the company sell additional shares to the public.
- Merger & Acquisition (M&A): If two companies decide to club and combine and make ruckus of their own competitive advantages by creating synergies, Private Equity in UK would help them make things happen. They help one company gets sold to another company in lieu of cash or shares.
- Recapitalization: When there is a need to recapitalize, private equity firms in UK help the companies get funded either by cash or means or by raising debts.
List of Top Private Equity firms in UK
Irrespective of economic crash down and downturn of the market, few companies always do well. And that’s what happened in private equity market in UK. Few top companies did well in terms of aggregate capital raised.
This report is prepared by Preqin’s Private Equity Online and headquarter of all of these firms is London.
Let’s now look at the list of top private equity firms as of June, 2016 –
- CVC Capital Partners: CVC Capital Partners took the first spot and raised around 32.1 billion Euros.
- Apax Partners: Apax Partners were on the second position raising around 18.1 billion Euros in aggregate.
- Permira: On the third spot is Permira and it raised around 16.4 billion Euros.
- Coller Capital: Coller Capital was on the fourth spot and raised 14.6 billion Euros.
- Pantheon: By raising around 13.1 billion Euros, Pantheon took the fifth spot.
- Cinven: Cinven raised 11.8 billion Euros in aggregate and took the sixth position.
- Charterhouse Capital Partners: Charterhouse Capital Partners raised over 9.5 billion Euros and stood 7th in aggregate.
- Intermediate Capital Group: After raising around 9.3 billion Euros in aggregate, Intermediate Capital Group stood 8th.
- Bridgepoint: Bridgepoint raised around 8.8 billion Euros in aggregate and took 9th
- Pamplona Capital Management: Pamplona Capital Management raised around 8.2 billion Euros and stood 10th.
If you want to work in a great company, choose any of the above and work your way up to the top. Let’s have a look at the recruitment process.
Private Equity Recruitment in UK
First, let’s go through some statistics so that we can understand how it actually is in UK.
Every top private equity firm in UK receives around 250-300 applications for every entry-level position. Out of 300 applications, only 30 are called for an initial round. Out of 30, only 10 are called for the first round of interview. And after the first round, only 2-3 are called for the last round.
So, if you have been given a call from a reputed private equity in UK for an interview that means something is really special in you.
Let’s see the process of recruitment –
You need to start with submitting online applications. Make sure that you do it with sincerity because only 10% applications are shortlisted and asked for the first fitment interview.
An initial round of interview:
The initial round of interview is usually taken by the recruitment agencies. They need to see whether you are really fit for the job or not. They will ask you questions like –
- Why do you want to work in this firm?
- Why do you think private equity is a good fit?
- Walk me through your resume
- Tell me something about yourself etc.
Second round (usually first round at PE firm):
You may have honed your interview skills, but this round is the toughest; because this will test your skills and will expose you to the interview panel completely. In this round, you need to give a case presentation and the stipulated time will be limited. And after that, you need to go through a skill test of financial modeling basics which is by no means an easy nut to crack. If you ever want to prepare for an interview, prepare for this round. Because only best will get through this round.
Once you are through the second round, then there would be another test. It wouldn’t be like an interview, but the PE firm would like to know whether you’re a culture-fit or not. So, they will take you out on lunch with senior team members. And they will judge you whether you are a good team-player, can face their clients, how you approach the work and so on and so forth. The whole thing would be pretty informal.
If everything goes well, it’s time to face the partners and HR. You will be interviewed by 7-10 people panel and you will be asked the vital questions to see whether you are really a hit or a miss. Very few candidates reach this level. Usually, 2-3 candidates are selected for this final round. And the best is chosen for the job after this.
Private Equity Culture in UK
Culture is usually like New York. You need to work hard and be diligent about all the financial models that you build. You need to be very particular about the financial models because these are not ordinary models; rather these models need in-depth attention and detailed approach.
Depending on the funds you’re working on, your work hours would be proportionate. If you’re working on smaller funds, you will enjoy a great work-life balance and as a result, will earn lesser. But if you dream of earning big bucks, work on bigger funds; the only side effect of which is long hours, all day work and no work-life balance.
In the beginning, you will build a lot of models; but later you need to depend on them and will work on something else. For example, you may need to call a bunch of prospects each week to see what your firm can buy.
But PE environment is much better than investment banking. And you won’t go after only “deals”; rather your job is to find “great deals” until which you need to work and find out which will be better for the company.
Salaries in Private Equity in UK
London is hub of top private equity in UK. And every top-notch firm wants the best talents. As a result, recently, they have begun to increase the salaries of even junior players.
The issue is not in attracting talent. Many people are there to join top PE firms; but the best talents are few and every top-notch firm wants the best. Moreover, every PE firm wants to go beyond the competition with the investment banks and wants to put an end to the question mark on PE salaries.
According to Kea Consultants, private equity firms have increased the salaries of junior employees by 20% in the last 12 months.
An associate in a top private equity firm earns a basic salary of 75,000 UK Pounds (US $98,000) to 100,000 UK Pounds (US $130,000) per annum. And as per the Kea Consultants, this is a 10% increase compared to the salary offered in the previous year.
Even bonuses are a big plus. Associates earn around 56,000 UK Pounds (US $72,300) to 102,000 UK Pounds (US $131,700) per annum as bonuses. If we look at the average, it’s stunning as well, around 71,000 UK Pounds (US $91,700) to 84,000 UK Pounds (US $108,500) per annum.
That means, an associate in a top private equity firm earns around 150,000 UK Pounds (US $190,000) per annum on an average.
Here’s the graph from news.efinancialcareers.com to illustrate the salary structure in mega private equity in UK –
Private Equity Exit Opportunities in UK
There are two things that are important here.
People who join private equity firms in UK in their early twenties usually switch to something else. And people who join private equity firms in their early thirties don’t seem to switch careers because they have already done so.
So if you would like to switch career from private equity, what would you do? Well, there are many options and it’s up to you to choose which one is right for you.
The usual answer is to move to hedge funds where money can be made rapidly. If not, hedge funds you can become a venture capitalist who concentrates mainly on start-ups. You also have options for going back to the financial advisory if you want. Or else, you can start your own fund or own firm. Or you can join a portfolio company.
The question is why you would like to switch in the first place! The answer can be an easy launch-pad for you to start where you would like to move toward.
In the final analysis
Even if private equity in UK market is not doing excellent, it is still better than Australia. And there is a huge chance that it would come back strongly in few years. The ideal way to think about this is to hope for the best and know that the top-notch professionals are always bullet-proof for all sorts of downturns in the economy.
This has been a guide to Private Equity in UK, their services offered, recruitment process, their culture, list of top private equity firms in the United Kingdom, salaries, jobs and exit opportunities. You may also have a look at the following article for learning more about Private Equity