Strategic Thinking

Updated on March 26, 2024
Article byShrestha Ghosal
Edited byShrestha Ghosal
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

Strategic Thinking Definition

Strategic thinking is an organizational concept that focuses on searching for and developing new and unique business ideas. It enables the management to create value for an organization and its customers. It is a method of approaching the essential business factors and challenging traditional problem-solving techniques.

Strategic Thinking

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This thinking involves the management, employees, and the stakeholders. It allows the business to identify the potential opportunities, problems, and risks associated with the business and the industry. This method enables the business to improve its processes and make judicious use of its resources, leading to profit maximization and overall growth of the company.

Key Takeaways

  • Strategic thinking is a business management concept that allows a company to identify potential opportunities and anticipate market threats. It enables the business to foresee the industry dynamics and make plans accordingly.
  • It can be used in various business situations, including long-term planning, market expansion, managing crises, and mergers and acquisitions. The method allows businesses to navigate complex business scenarios.
  • This process offers direction to a business. It aids in formulating goals that align with the organization’s objectives and creates an action plan to attain the established goals.

Strategic Thinking Explained

Strategic thinking is a process in business management that enables businesses to identify and generate unique opportunities and solutions. It involves taking into account the different factors and variables that influence the business and assist in creating value for the business and its consumers. This method emphasizes forward thinking, asking questions, and challenging conventional approaches to problem-solving.

This thinking process can be employed in several business scenarios. It may be beneficial for long-term business planning where the management can focus on the company’s direction over the next five years. It may also be employed in mergers and acquisitions, where the decision to merge with a competitor or acquire a company substantially impacts an organization’s future.

Additionally, it is critical in market expansion, where companies decide to enter new markets or expand their offerings. Furthermore, this thinking is valuable in crisis management, where it helps the business navigate difficult situations and move toward recovery and growth.


Some characteristics of strategic thinking include the following:

  • These thinkers possess the ability to anticipate the future and predict the potential problems. They are able to think ahead and create efficient solutions and backup plans.
  • They have a curious mind. Such thinkers always ask questions and look for newer ways to solve a problem. Moreover, they are capable of challenging the conventional approaches.
  • One of the significant characteristics of strategic thinking includes the ability to identify trends and gather meaningful data from them.
  • Such thinkers have a flexible approach and are able to quickly switch between different plans according to the need of the hour.
  • They are able to process information from the future, past, and present to solve short-term and long-term problems.


Let us study the following examples to understand this thinking process:

Example #1

Suppose Jack wanted to start a company that manufactures cosmetic products. He started the process by conducting a thorough market research. Jack identified the target audiences and the competitors in the industry. He recognized the strengths and weaknesses of his company and its competitors. Jack also outlined the geographical locations where the potential demand for his products was more likely to be high. Furthermore, he devises strategies for profit maximization and minimizing potential risks.

Example #2

Jacob van der Schaaf and his daughter Angela Santiago founded The Little Potato Company in 1996. Based in Edmonton, Canada, the company aimed to popularize small, flavorful potatoes. The founders identified it as a solid business business opportunity and employed strategic thinking methods to achieve their goals. They started their work on a single acre of land, with hand-dug and hand-washed methods of farming. They also offered free samples to local restaurants to collect feedback. At present, the company is a significant business in North America with 14,000 acres of crop, over 400 employees, and several facilities.

How To Improve?

The methods to improve the strategic thinking process are:

  • Managers must communicate their goals clearly. It helps them understand the goal they are trying to achieve or the problem they are trying to find a solution to. Identifying the need to achieve the goal helps them assess whether the goals are in alignment with the company’s requirements.
  • They must engage in extensive research to identify the actions that would help them achieve the set goals. The managers must have a profound understanding of the problems and the possible solutions.
  • The managers must analyze the options and their associated risks objectively. Recognizing the potential threats early on in the process allows them to be prepared. It helps them develop strategies that enable them to mitigate the risks.
  • They must decide on a course of action based on the research they have performed. The managers must also implement the strategic plans and ensure their smooth execution. Furthermore, they must monitor changes and adapt their strategies according to the changing dynamics.


The importance of strategic thinking is as follows:

  • The primary importance of strategic thinking is that it provides direction to an organization. It creates actionable plans and steps that guide the company’s future movements. Managers are able to carefully assess their business decisions and predict the outcomes, which allows them to refine their business strategies.
  • This thinking provides clarity to future goals and makes them more attainable. It drives managers to challenge their assumptions and helps them move in the right direction. Consequently, they are able to align their goals with the organizational needs and wants.
  • It helps a business sustain itself for a more extended period and stay relevant in the market. Successful strategies help businesses endure dynamic market scenarios and withstand crises. It minimizes errors, reduces the odds of failures, and aids in increasing productivity and profitability.
  • The thinking process enables managers to plan their actions in a detailed manner, which provides them with a sense of control. It allows them to take accountability for their decisions and highlights their strengths and weaknesses. This method aids managers in becoming more proactive and less reactive to the changing business environment.

Strategic Thinking vs Tactical Thinking vs Critical Thinking

The differences between the two are as follows:

#1 – Strategic Thinking

  • This thinking process is a logical and intentional thought process that recognizes and analyzes the crucial factors and variables in a business decision. It aids the organization in achieving long-term success.
  • It allows an individual to forecast the future, anticipate potential problems, and find attainable solutions to those problems.
  • The thinking process requires the ability to question traditional methods and find new and unique ways to solve problems.

#2 – Tactical Thinking

  • Tactical thinking involves the ability to generate and carry out short-term plans. It requires the skills to outline a plan minutely.
  • It focuses on addressing and solving the immediate business challenges and organizational objectives. Tactical thinkers recognize the current problems, identify the obstacles, and formulate specific strategies to attain the desired results.
  • This thinking is essential for complex projects and initiatives. It allows a business to tap into the opportunities, manage its resources efficiently, and reduce the associated risks.

#3 – Critical Thinking

  • Critical thinking enables an individual to question, assess, calculate, interpret, and reach a conclusion. This process focuses on making prudent decisions based on reliable information.
  • It helps users break down a piece of information or a problem. This method allows an individual to gain clarity of thoughts.
  • Critical thinking helps managers arrive at a conclusion and form judgments by employing all the available resources.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How to demonstrate strategic thinking?

Demonstrating strategic thinking skills requires an individual to be an efficient marketer, an agent of change, and a systematic salesperson. They must be able to communicate their strategic endeavors proactively and extensively. Furthermore, they must be willing to challenge others by initiating and driving their strategic propositions.

What are the three phases of strategic thinking?

This thinking comprises three phases that enable individuals to identify and gain clarity. The first phase answers the question of where we are right now, and the second phase outlines where we want to be in the future. The third phase is about recognizing how we can get to the point where we want to be and the methods we can employ to achieve the established goals.

Can strategic thinking be taught?

Yes, strategic thinking skills can be taught to managers who require it for the successful functioning of an organization. It can be taught by using instruments such as relevant case studies and business simulations. The managers may closely relate the cases to existing situations that resulted in favorable or unfavorable outcomes. They may correlate these cases with their own company and provide solutions accordingly.

This article has been a guide to what is Strategic Thinking. We explain its examples, how to improve it, comparison with tactical & critical thinking. You may also find some useful articles here –

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