VBA Timer

Excel VBA TIMER Function

VBA Timer is an inbuilt function used to give us the fractional value of seconds, it is a very useful function which is used to sometimes pause any set of codes running or resume them on the basis of the time provided by the user, timer is simply used as a statement in VBA with the input of time.

In simple terms, the TIMER gives the total number of seconds gone from the midnight of the current day. Right from line one of the code, we can actually track the time consumed by our code to complete the process specified in the subprocedure.

Sometimes when you write a code and you want to test the code duration, i.e., what is the total time taken by your code to complete the subprocedure. By testing the actual duration taken by your code, you can make your code efficient and eliminate the time-consuming process by deleting unwanted or long codes from your module.

VBA Timer

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How to use the TIMER Function in VBA?

As I told TIMER function returns, the total seconds gone past from the midnight of the current date. When I am writing this article, time is 13:50:45 in India.

I have created a macro name and assigned the value of TIMER in the VBA message boxThe VBA Message BoxVBA MsgBox function is an output function which displays the generalized message provided by the developer. This statement has no arguments and the personalized messages in this function are written under the double quotes while for the values the variable reference is provided.read more.


Sub Timer_Example1()

MsgBox Timer

End Sub
vba timer example 1

When I run this code, I got the result as 50480.08.

vba timer example 1.1

This is the total seconds that went past from today’s midnight, i.e., from 12:00:00 AM.

So from midnight 12 to current time 14:01:20, a total 14 hours 1 minute, 20 seconds gone past. In seconds it is equal to 50480.08, which is given by our TIMER function.


You can download this VBA Timer Excel Template here – VBA Timer Excel Template

Example #1 – Calculate the Total Time Taken by your Code

Now we will perform some simple coding to test the time taken by the VBA to execute the procedure. I have written some code, as shown in the below image.


Sub Do_Until_Example1()

Dim ST As Single
ST = Timer
Dim x As Long

x = 1

Do Until x = 100000
Cells(x, 1).Value = x

x = x + 1


MsgBox Timer - ST

End Sub
vba timer example 2.1

If I run this code now, it will show me the total time taken by the VBA to execute.

vba timer example 2.2

It says 3.058594. The result given by this function is in seconds, i.e., the total time taken by this code is 3.058 seconds.

For you to use the code, I have written the below code for you.


Sub Timer_Example1()

Dim StartingTime As Single

StartingTime = Timer

'Enter your code here
'Enter your code here
'Enter your code here
'Enter your code here
MsgBox Timer - StartingTime

End Sub
vba timer example 2.3

Use the above and type your code after the code StartingTime = Timer, but before the code MsgBox Timer – StartingTime, i.e., in a green area, you need to enter your code.

Explanation: Firstly, the variable StartingTime = Timer means at the time of running the code is equal to the time elapsed from midnight to code running time.

Timer – StartingTime: It means after running the code, what is the time elapsed minus time recorded at the beginning of the code in through variable starting time.

This will give the difference between start and end time and return the result.

Example #2 – Show the Result in the Correct Time Format

As we have seen, the result given by the function is in seconds but not in an accurate format. However, we can apply a VBA timeVBA TimeThe VBA time function returns the current time. This function has no arguments and returns the current system time. Thus, using this function, we can find the actual time taken by the line of codes to complete the process.read more format to the end result by using the FORMAT function.

Use the below code to see the result in the correct time format, i.e., “hh: mm: ss” format.

example 3.1

I have used the FORMAT function here. The result is given by (Timer – starting time). I have divided it by the number 86400 to convert it to seconds as per time format rules, then I have applied the time format in an hour, minute, and second format.

Now, if I run the code, it will give the result like this.

example 3.2

So, the total time taken by the code is 3 Seconds.

The beauty of this code is the moment it crosses 60 seconds; it will show the result in minutes. I have paused my code running for a minute (using Ctrl + Break) and see the result.

example 3.3

So the total time taken by this code is now 1 minute 2 seconds.

Example #3 – Alternative Code to Timer

There is an alternative to TIMER by using the NOW () function. Below is the alternative code.

example 4

Things to Remember

  • TIMER function will rest the value at the end of the day, i.e., at 11:59:59 PM.
  • NOW function returns the current date and current time.
  • TIMER shows the total seconds gone past from the current date midnight.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to VBA Timer. Here we learned how to use the Timer function in Excel VBA and its alternative Function along with some simple to advanced examplesBelow are some useful excel articles related to VBA –

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