Excel VBA Month
VBA Month Function is a inbuilt function used to get month from a date and the output returned by this function is integer ranging from 1 to 12. This function only extracts the month number from the supplied date value.
For example, if the date is 28-May-2019, then to extract the month number from this date, we can use the MONTH function.
How to Use Month Function in VBA?
Below is the syntax of the MONTH function.
We just need to provide the date from which we are trying to extract the month number.
We will see how to write a code to extract the month number from the date. We will take the date as “10th Oct 2019″.
Step 1: Start the macro procedure.
Sub Month_Example1() End Sub
Step 2: Define the variable to hold the date value. Since we are storing the data value, our data type should be “Date.” So declare the variable and assign the data type as “Date” to the declared variable.
Sub Month_Example1() Dim DDate As Date End Sub
Step 3: For this variable, assign the date value of 10th Oct 2019.
Sub Month_Example1() Dim DDate As Date DDate = "10 Oct 2019" End Sub
Step 4: Now assign the month number to declare one more variable as “Integer.”
Sub Month_Example1() Dim DDate As Date Dim MonthNum As Integer DDate = "10 Oct 2019" End Sub
Step 5: For this variable, we will open the MONTH function.
Sub Month_Example1() Dim DDate As Date Dim MonthNum As Integer DDate = "10 Oct 2019" MonthNum = Month( End Sub
Step 6: Month function asking the “Date” that needs to be supplied to extract the month number. Since we have already stored the targeted date to the variable “DDate,” supply this variable as the input parameter for the month function.
Sub Month_Example1() Dim DDate As Date Dim MonthNum As Integer DDate = "10 Oct 2019" MonthNum = Month(DDate) End Sub
Step 7: Now “Month” function will return the month number from the supplied date to the variable “MonthNum” and finally show the result in a message box in VBA.
Sub Month_Example1() Dim DDate As Date Dim MonthNum As Integer DDate = "10 Oct 2019" MonthNum = Month(DDate) MsgBox MonthNum End Sub
Run the code and see the month number in the message box.
So, the month number from the supplied date is 10, i.e., October month.
Now we will take cell referencesCell ReferencesCell reference in excel is referring the other cells to a cell to use its values or properties. For instance, if we have data in cell A2 and want to use that in cell A1, use =A2 in cell A1, and this will copy the A2 value in A1. for coding. Below is the date we have in the worksheet.
So from the cell A2 date value, we need to extract the month number to the cell B2.
Sub Month_Example2() Range("B2").Value = End Sub
Open the MONTH function and supply the date as RANGE A2 value.
Sub Month_Example2() Range("B2").Value = Month(Range("A2")) End Sub
The reason why we have supplied Range A2 cell because this time, our date is in the cell A2, so the same will be the reference.
Now execute the code and get the month number from the date in cell B2.
Here you go, we got the month number in cell B2.
We have extracted the month for the single-cell date, but what if we have multiple rows of data like the below one.
In these cases, we need to loop through the cells and execute the task of extracting the month number from each respective date.
The below code will do the job for us.
Sub Month_Example3() Dim k As Long For k = 2 To 12 Cells(k, 3).Value = Month(Cells(k, 2).Value) Next k End Sub
What this code will do is it will loop through the rows from 2 to 12 and extract the month number from the second column and store the result in the third column.
Things to Remember here
- MONTH is a worksheet function, as well as a VBA functionVBA FunctionVBA functions serve the primary purpose to carry out specific calculations and to return a value. Therefore, in VBA, we use syntax to specify the parameters and data type while defining the function. Such functions are called user-defined functions..
- MONTH requires valid date reference other-wise, we will get an error message.
- If the month number is <1 and >12, then it will throw an error message.
This has been a guide to VBA Month. Here we discuss how to use the VBA month function to extract the month number from the given date along with examples and a downloadable excel template. Below you can find some useful excel VBA articles –