Difference Between CIMA and CFA
CIMA is the short form for the Chartered Institute of Management Accountant and the course offers training and degree pertaining to management accountancy and such other related subjects whereas CFA is the short form for Chartered financial analyst and this course is offered to professionals working in the field of finance and investment.
If you want to understand business as a whole and want to have a big picture and also get global recognition from one of the topmost management accounting institutes in the world, then you should pursue CIMA. But if you want to pursue your career in core finance, investment banking, and portfolio management, then CFA® is the right option for you. CFA® is a world-class finance course designed to offer you mastery in a variety of subjects. In a nutshell, both courses are equally good in terms of delivering value, but you need to know in which way you will take your career.
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The article is articulated in this order:
- What is CIMA qualification?
- What is CFA?
- Key Differences
- Why pursue CIMA?
- Why pursue CFA®?
What is Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) Qualification?
Since 1919 CIMA has been serving its students. It has a 90-year foundation on which you can certainly trust and value. If you do this course, you would one of those who can even join in the higher rung of the company (CEO, MD, etc.). But for that, you need to study hard and clear three levels.
- This is a distinctive accounting course for business. All accounting course emphasizes only accounting and its implications. But CIMA concentrates on accounting as well as the strategic part and the risk mitigation of the business. CIMA believes that as a business executive one should have a helicopter view of the business. Thus this course adds value to the students in a comprehensive manner.
- CIMA is not an easy course to complete. Even if it’s convenient in terms of exam windows per year, students really need to put an arduous effort to clear it. First of all, students need to clear all six papers at the operational and management level and then only they can sit for a strategic level. The pass mark is 50%. The course is designed in such a way that students can first learn about the foundations of business and then they can go on and study strategy and risk in business.
What is the Chartered Financial Analyst® (CFA®) charter?
The CFA® Program focuses on investment management. The top employers of charterholders include the most respected financial corporations in the world, e.g., JPMorgan, Citigroup, Bank of America, Credit Suisse, Deutsche Bank, HSBC, UBS, and Wells Fargo, to name a few.
- Many of these are investment banks, but the CFA® Program focuses on the knowledge and skills most relevant to the global investment management profession from the standpoint of a practitioner. Investment professionals who hold the CFA®designation (or CFA® charter) meet rigorous educational, work experience, and ethical conduct requirements.
- Only those who complete three graduate-level examinations, four years of work experience, and annual membership renewal (including ethics and code of professional conduct attestation) are permitted to use the CFA® designation. Complementary codes and standards (such as the Global Investment Performance Standards and Asset Manager Code) help enhance this professional distinction.
CIMA vs CFA ® Infographics
Key Differences Between CIMA and CFA®
Even if both of the professional qualifications are best in the world, there are significant differences between these two. Let’s have a glance at the key differentiators which separate CIMA from CFA®.
#1 – International Recognition:
Students who have completed CFA® argue that CFA® is the most internationally recognized professional course. Whereas students at CIMA demands that CIMA is more globally relevant. But it’s being generally seen that CFA® is more recognized globally and CIMA has magnificent repute in the UK, but not so much in the world.
#2 – Salary differences:
Even if CFA® is a topmost globally recognized course, if we compare compensation after completion of CFA® with CIMA, it’s much less. A student who completes CFA® gets around US $47,000 to $52,000 per year.
Whereas if we see the compensation of a CIMA student, it’s almost around US $89,000. Again, the salaries of CIMA students seem to be more in the UK, than in the world.
#3 – Perspective:
There is a significant difference between the perspective of CIMA and CFA®. Even if CIMA is one of the top-rated management accounting institutes, the focus of the course is not only management accounting, but hardcore business. This course understands the value of three levels of business and gives equal emphasis on each. Thus, students who pass out after completion can immediately join as the chief executive officer or managing director.
Whereas, the emphasis of CFA® is completely different. It’s about investment banking and finance. Students who are keen on making their careers around finance should join CFA®. But if you think you are more interested in business and the overall process of how things work in the organization, then CIMA is perfect for you.
#4 – Examination:
In this case, both of the courses understand the value of assessment and both of the institutes take the assessment via two formats where one succeeds another. In both qualifications, the emphasis on objective tests and case studies is equal and once the students clear the objective test, only then they can sit for case study exams.
This way, the assessment can be done thoroughly and only the creams come on the top. All the mediocre students get filtered out.
#5 – Convenience:
If you do the course under CIMA, there is more convenience and the administration is also very active. Whatever information you require, you would get it on their website. And if we talk about an exam, the objective tests are on-demand and the case study exam is organized four times a year. Thus the opportunities for students are much more.
But in the case of CFA®, the first level of exam happens twice a year and the next two levels once in a year. This arrangement of exam makes it difficult for CFA® students to clear the exam quickly (if they want to). So, doing CIMA is more convenient than doing CFA®, not in the terms of value, but in regard to the difficulty to obtain the degree.
#6 – Fees:
Students who would like to opt for CIMA qualification should know that the fees are as same as CFA®. The fees for CFA® are around the US $500-$1000 at each level. That means if you want to complete CFA® in one go, it would cost around the US $1500-$3000.
Whereas if you clear all CIMA exams in the first attempt, the cost would be around the US $2500.
#7 – Applicability:
This is the biggest advantage of CIMA. Depending on your previous qualifications, it’s applicable for any students who want to pursue a career in business and accounting.
CFA® is not for everyone. Students who are from hardcore finance can attempt to pursue CFA®.
#8 – Foundation:
Both of the qualifications, CIMA and CFA® need a strong foundation in two subjects (mainly) – Mathematics and English. If you have a strong background in both of these subjects, pursuing CIMA and CFA® would be easier than students who lack the foundation and efficiency in these subjects.
In CFA®, you need an additional knack for finance so that you can understand complex subjects like portfolio management. As CIMA is a complete course in business and regarded as almost equal to a master’s degree, you need to have a passion to learn and apply business techniques and fundamentals.
|Certification Organised by||CIMA is being organized by one of the most reputed management accounting institutes in the world, i.e. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants, United Kingdom.||CFA is organized by CFA Institute. CFA Institutes has offices in US, Europe and Asia-Pacific region and has more than 500 employees all over the world.|
|Number of levels||CIMA has three levels to clear – Operational Level, Management Level & Strategic Level.||CFA is one of the hardest financial credentials you can get in the world. It has three levels to get through before you will be considered as CFA.|
|Mode/Duration of exam||Examinations to obtain CIMA are being split into two steps. First, you need to clear a 90 minute objective test for each subject at each level. And then, you need to sit for a 3 hour case study to go to the next level.||As CFA has three levels to complete the duration of the exam is significantly longer than CIMA. Every exam is of 6 hours duration.|
|Exam Window||There are four windows a year when you can sit the case study exams (February, May, August and November). |
Operational Level Exam Date:- 7th - 11th February 2017
Management Level Exam Date:- 14th - 18th February 2017
Strategic Level Exam Date:- 21st - 25th February 2017
Operational Level Exam Date:- 9th - 13th May 2017
Management Level Exam Date:- 16th - 20th May 2017
Strategic Level Exam Date:- 23rd - 27th May 2017
Operational Level Exam Date:- 8th - 12th August 2017
Management Level Exam Date:- 15th - 219h August 2017
Strategic Level Exam Date:- 22nd - 26th August 2017
Operational Level Exam Date:- 7th - 11th November 2017
Management Level Exam Date:- 14th - 18th November 2017
Strategic Level Exam Date:- 21st - 25th November 2017
|The first level of CFA is significantly easier. You can take it either in June or in December of any year. Whereas, for other two levels (2nd & 3rd Level), you need to sit for the exam in June, every year.|
|Subjects||CIMA is designed in different way than any other professional qualification in management and accounting domain. Let’s look at the subjects.|
-Organizational Management (E1)
-Management Accounting (P1)
-Financial Reporting and Taxation (F1)
-Project and Relationship Management (E2)
-Advanced Management Accounting (P2)
-Advanced Financial Reporting (F2)
-Strategic Management (E3)
-Risk Management (P3)
-Financial Strategy (F3)
|The subjects for CFAs are as follows. Remember, the focus of these subjects in each level is different.
-Ethical and Professional Standards
-Financial Reporting and Analysis
|Pass Percentage||CIMA November 2016 case study results: |
|To clear CFA 2015 you need CFA Level 1 42%, CFA level 2 46% and for CFA level 3 53%.
CFA 2016 you need CFA Level 1 43%, CFA level 2 46% and for CFA level 3 54%.
|Fees||The examination fee varies as per their tire pricing structure |
Divided into 3 Tire 1, Tire 2 and Tire 3.
The link below can help you with the required information on fee structure as per your tire area.
|CFA fee is approximately $650 - $1380 including registration and examination.|
|Job opportunities/Job titles||The opportunities for CIMA are magnificent. People who have cleared CIMA can work in sport, media, fashion, publishing and in many other industries. As CIMA has a consistent focus on business perspective, many students have also joined as managing directors, chief executives of many companies.||For CFA, there are many opportunities. According to a study conducted by CFA institute it’s being seen that after the completion of CFA, the top 5 job titles are Portfolio Manager (22%), Research Analyst (16%), Chief Executive (7%), Consultant (6%) and Corporate Financial Analyst (5%).|
Why pursue CIMA?
If you want to have a strategic advantage over other accounting courses, you should pursue CIMA.
- CIMA is not as recognized as CFA®, but if you think about compensation, it’s much higher than a CFA®. But CIMA is more popular in the UK than in other countries.
- CIMA is as good as a master’s degree. When every country is popularizing MBA for their business students, CIMA is certainly one step closer to bridge the gap between learning and employability.
- CIMA is much relevant to the current scenario of business and as it takes a case study approach to teach the subjects, it becomes much more relevant than any other accounting course.
Why pursue the CFA® designation?
The differentiating benefits of earning the CFA® designation include:
- Real-world expertise
- Career recognition
- Ethical grounding
- Global community
- Employer demand
The sheer demand for the CFA® charter speaks to the difference it makes. More than 160,000 CFA® exam registrations were processed for the June 2015 exams (35% in the Americas, 22% in Europe, Middle East, and Africa, and 43% in the Asia Pacific).
For more information, refer to- CFA® Programs
CIMA and CFA® both are courses of great value. But you need to choose which one is yours to pursue. You may also pursue both courses if you want as CFA® is considered as a degree level course whereas CIMA is considered as a master’s degree.
This has been a guide to CIMA vs CFA. Here we discuss the top differences between CIMA and CFA along with the infographics and comparative table. You may also have a look at the following articles –