Full Form of NACH – National Automated Clearing House
The full form of NACH is the National Automated Clearing House. National Automated Clearing House can be defined as a secure, robust and a scalable online-based platform that is used for the purpose of facilitating inter-banking and high volume transactions for financial institutions, banks, companies, and government bodies and it is really useful in clearing transactions that are bulky and repetitive in nature.
Features of NACH
National Automated Clearing House has 2 wings- NACH credit and NACH debit. The features of NACH credit and NACH debit are provided and discussed as follows-
#1 – NACH Credit
- NACH credit system has a dedicated online dispute management system.
- National Automated Clearing House credit system is totally capable of performing ten million transactions every single day.
- NACH credit system is totally safe as well as secure for online access. The system even lets the users download and upload documents with a lot of ease and that too in real-time.
- National Automated Clearing House credit system enables corporate organizations to have direct access.
- NACH credit system is closed on every Sunday and such other holidays that are followed by RTGS.
- NACH credit systems help organizations in easily tracking their payments.
#2 – NACH Debit
- NACH debit system has a dedicated online dispute management system.
- NACH debit system has a unique mandate reference number that allows the users to easily track more than one payment.
- NACH debit system ensures safe as well as secure transactions between an organization and its parties.
- The NACH debit system ensures the security of the user’s single confidential data.
The objectives of NACH are as follows –
- NACH system aims at creating a strong MMS or Mandate Management System and governance mechanism.
- NACH aims to provide few government units, corporate organizations and other profound client foundations a DCA or Direct Corporate Access to National Payment Corporation of India NPCI National Automated Cleaning House (NACH) framework.
- NACH system aims at creating a national economical framework that covers all the banking institutions across the country for managing, handling, promoting and processing online payment requests.
- NACH system aims to provide a technical platform for all the banking institutions to route their debit and credit instructions through the National Payment Corporation of India by allowing the use of multiple routing codes like IFSC, MICR code, and IIN code.
- National Automated Clearing House system also aims at providing and establishing a profound system settlement of profits, rejects, discounts, debits, credits, refunds, reversals, inversions, denials, dispute handling, etc.
- .NACH system aims at maintaining a robust mapper of Aadhaar card number to IIN or Institution Identification Number with respect to government mechanism.
- NACH system even aims at devising of system that has all India coverage for the purpose of processing all sorts of online payment instructions.
How does NACH Work?
The process of how NACH or National Automated Clearing House works is provided as follows-
- Step #1 – The agency or a corporate that is in-charge of collecting money collects the National Automated Clearing House mandate form from the customers. The customers upon submitting the NACH mandate form gives the money collecting agency the authority to debit their accounts for a particular period of time and at certain intervals.
- Step #2 – The money collecting agency or the corporate then verifies all the details that are provided by the customers in their NACH mandate forms.
- Step #3 – Once the details are verified, the money collecting agency forwards the National Automated Clearing House mandate with the National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI).
- Step #4 – The money collecting agency’s bank then shares the National Automated Cleaning House mandate with the National Payment Corporation of India.
- Step #5 – Once the provided information gets validated, the National Payment Corporation of India forwards the mandate to the customer’s bank for approval.
- Step #6 – Only the transactions that are fully validated are forwarded for debiting purposes to the customer’s bank.
- Step #7 – The corporate will be authorized to collect the funds from its customer’s bank account as soon as the transactions are approved by the customer’s bank.
Difference Between NACH and ECS
The differences between NACH and ECS are as follows-
- NACH is a defined process and this is why it helps the users save a lot of their time whereas ECS is time taking since it happens to be a manual process.
- ECS involves more paperwork as compared to NACH.
- Rejection ratio is lower in NACH as compared to ECS.
- ECS registrations can take up to thirty days whereas NACH registrations only take fifteen days.
- In ECS, payments are settled within three to four days whereas in NACH payments are settled on the very same day.
- ECS does not provide a unique MRR number. On the other hand, NACH provides a unique MRR number that can be easily taken into use for future references.
The benefits of NACH for banks, customers and organizations are provided and discussed as follows-
#1 – For Banks
- Processing of SWIFT transactions in real-time.
- National Automated Clearing House system enables the banks to enhance their customer service, smoothens the process of payments and even helps in building strong relationships with affiliated organizations.
- Fewer errors and a super-fast workflow.
#2 – For Customers
- Zero manual processes involved.
- User-friendly process.
- Super-fast process.
- No need of remembering the due dates for clearing of payments such as phone bills, electricity bills, etc.
#3 – For an Organization
- Ease in the clearance of bills.
- Zero dependencies on checks and their clearance.
- Enables timely clearance of salaries, dividends as well as pension payments.
National Automated Clearing House is a centralized online-based payment solution that enables the corporate sectors, banks, financial institutions, and government organizations to handle and manage bulk payments that were launched by NPCI or National Payment Corporation of India in the year 2007. NACH system also enables the financial institutions and corporate organizations to receive high volume payments that comprise of the loan amount, water bills, telephone bills, electricity bills, EMIs, mutual funds payments received via the National Automated Cleaning House or NACH solution.
This has been a guide to the Full Form of NACH (National Automated Clearing House) and its definition. Here we discuss how does NACH works, its features along with objectives, benefits, and differences. You may refer to the following articles to learn more about finance –