What is Shareholder Structure?
Shareholder Structure provide the records of classes of shares issued by the company with the number of shares and the percentage of shareholding of each of the shareholders at given point of time as well as the voting rights available to the shareholders with the shares held by them which help the management to evaluate the ownership of the company.
Shareholders Structure Report classifies the different classes of shares issued by the company i.e., common shares, preference shares, convertible shares, ESOP, etc. where preference share can also be of two types i.e., preference shares without voting rights or preference shares with restricted voting rights. After classifying the different shares issued, Share Structure then retains the records of shareholders with the number and percentage of shares held by them at the end of the reporting period. But the percentage of shareholdings only provides the owner of the company which does not define the overall decision making power of the shareholders which can only be provided after declaring the voting rights available to the shareholders.
Maintaining the Shareholding Structure of a Company helps the management to diversify the ownership of a company and not letting a group control or having exclusive decision power. It is maintained at the acquisition of the company when the shares are issued to Promoters of the company and then the same is updated at the issue of new shares. This could be done by recording the name of the shareholders subscribing to the issue of shares of the company and recording the respective holdings of the shareholders. After recording this much, the percentage of the capital hold by every shareholder is calculated and the percentage of voting rights available to the shareholders is also evaluated and mentioned.
While preparing the Shareholder Structure of the company, the list of potential shareholders can also be mentioned, which will be holding common shares after dilution of the company or after conversion of their convertible securities.
It also helps the management during the liquidation of the company. It provides the owner of the company and provides the rights of the shareholders in the profit or value of the company. After paying off Creditors and preferential creditors, the remaining realization from the company’s assets are to be paid to the shareholders of the company according to the rights of the individual shareholders.
Types of Shareholder Structure
Shareholders of the company are basically the owners of the companies who have purchased the shares of the company & they are also called ‘Stockholders’.
There are generally two types of shareholders Structure in a company which are as follows –
#1 – Dual Class Share Structure
Dual-class share structure provides more decision making power in the hands of promoters and management by providing them with more profit-sharing rights comparing to the voting rights which helps the management to focus on their goals without worrying about the decisions taken by opposing shareholders.
#2 – Multi-Class Share Structure
Multi-class share structures are the share structures adopted by companies that differ from the Dual Class Share Structure. This could be done by companies issuing different class of shares other than those which were issued in dual-class structure i.e., shares which provide preferential dividends but no voting powers. It helps the company to raise funds without making any changes in the decision-making rights of the shareholders.
Shareholder Structure Template
Shareholder Structure Chart
Shareholder structure of a company may include the Holding company that is holding more than 50% of the shares of the company, promoters, government (maybe central or state government) through government company or other bodies, other companies, and the general public holdings. A chart has been provided as an example for a better understanding of the concept.
Example of Shareholder Structure
ANC Ltd. Issued initial public offer, in initial public offer company, offered 100,000 Number of Shares. Out of 100,000 Promoters are holding 60,000 an equity share, AMC financial institutes subscribed 10,000 Shares, AB institute subscribed 10,000 an equity share, IC subscribed 5,000 equity shares, MF subscribed 5,000 equity shares, AN subscribed 100 equity shares, remaining 900 equity shares subscribed by the general public.
The shareholder’s structure is a useful tool for management to keep track of the ownership of the company and the decision making powers in the company. The structure can be of two types- Dual-class share structure or Multi-class share structure; which help the management to maintain decision power in the hands of the management and promoters so that the management could focus on the vision of the company and could work towards the future prospects of business without thinking about the hindrance from the decision making of shareholders. Shareholder structure helps during the time of liquidation in deciding the liabilities & the rights of the stakeholders.
This has been a guide to Shareholder Structure. Here we discuss the shareholder structure of the company, its template along with an example, and types. You can learn more about financing from the following articles –