VBA IFERROR

Updated on December 12, 2023
Article byJeevan A Y
Edited byAshish Kumar Srivastav
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

Just like we use IFERROR in Excel to know what to do when we encounter an error before every function, we have an inbuilt IFERROR function in VBA used in the same fashion. Since it is a worksheet function, we use this function with the worksheet.function method in VBA, and then we provide the arguments for the function.

IFERROR Function in VBA

It is a crime to expect the code to function without throwing any error. To handle errors in VBA, we have several ways using statements like On Error Resume Next VBAOn Error Resume Next VBAVBA On Error Resume Statement is an error-handling aspect used for ignoring the code line because of which the error occurred and continuing with the next line right after the code line with the error.read more, On Error Resume Goto 0, On Error GoTo Label. VBA error handlers can only proceed further to the next line of code. But if the calculation does not happen, we need to replace the error with another identity word. In this article, we will see how to achieve this by using the VBA IFERROR Function in excelIFERROR Function In ExcelThe IFERROR function in Excel checks a formula (or a cell) for errors and returns a specified value in place of the error.read more.

VBA IFERROR

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For eg:
Source: VBA IFERROR (wallstreetmojo.com)

How to use IFERROR in VBA?

The thing to remember here is it is not a VBA functionVBA FunctionVBA functions serve the primary purpose to carry out specific calculations and to return a value. Therefore, in VBA, we use syntax to specify the parameters and data type while defining the function. Such functions are called user-defined functions.read more but rather just a worksheet function.

You can download this VBA IFERROR Excel Template here – VBA IFERROR Excel Template

For example, take the above data only for a demonstration.

VBA IFERROR Example 2

Step 1: Define the variable as an integer.

Code:

Sub Iferror_Example1()

  Dim i As Integer

End Sub

Step 2: To perform calculation, open For Next Loop.

Code:

Sub Iferror_Example1()

  Dim i As Integer

  For i = 2 To 6

  Next i

End Sub

Step 3: Inside, write the code as Cells(I,3).Value =

Code:

Sub Iferror_Example1()

  Dim i As Integer

  For i = 2 To 6
     Cells(i,3).Value =
  Next i

End Sub

Step 4: To access the IFERROR function, we cannot simply type the formula; we need to use the “WorksheetFunction” class.

Code:

Sub Iferror_Example1()

  Dim i As Integer

  For i = 2 To 6
    Cells(i, 3).Value = WorksheetFunction.If
  Next i

End Sub
VBA IFERROR Example 2-1

Step 5: As you can see in the above image, after inserting the command “WorksheetFunction” class, we get the IFERROR formula. Select the formula.

Code:

Sub Iferror_Example1()

  Dim i As Integer

  For i = 2 To 6
    Cells(i, 3).Value = WorksheetFunction.IfError(
  Next i

End Sub
Example 2-2

Step 6: One of the problems in VBA is that while accessing the worksheet functions, we do not get to see the arguments we have seen in the worksheet. It would help if you were sure about the arguments we are using.

It is the reason before we show you the IFERROR in VBA, We have shown you the syntax of the worksheet function.

The first argument is “Value,” i.e., what cell do you want to check? Before this, apply the calculation in the cell.

Example 2-3

Now, in the VBA, apply the codes below.

Code:

Sub Iferror_Example1()

  Dim i As Integer

  For i = 2 To 6
    Cells(i, 4).Value = WorksheetFunction.IfError(Cells(i, 3).Value, "Not Found")
  Next i

End Sub

Now, the IFERROR function checks for any error in column C. If it finds any error, it will show the result as “Not Found” in column D.

Example 2-4

Using the IFERROR function, we can alter the results per our wish. In this case, we have altered the result as “Not Found.” We can change this to your requirement.

Types of Errors, VBA IFERROR, Can Find

Knowing the types of excel errorsExcel ErrorsErrors in excel are common and often occur at times of applying formulas. The list of nine most common excel errors are - #DIV/0, #N/A, #NAME?, #NULL!, #NUM!, #REF!, #VALUE!, #####, Circular Reference.read more the IFERROR function can handle is important. Below are the kind of errors IFERROR can handle.

#N/A, #VALUE!, #REF!, #DIV/0!, #NUM!, #NAME?, or #NULL!.

Recommended Articles

This article is a guide to VBA IFERROR Function. Here, we learned how to use the VBA IFERROR function in Excel, practical examples, and a downloadable template. Below you can find some useful Excel VBA articles: –