ICAI Exam (CA Examination)
ICAI (Institute of Chartered Accountants India Exam) is an exam conducted by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India, which is the national professional body accounting body of India to issue a certification about who is eligible to be a professional auditor in India.
No matter where you are, you must have heard about Chartered Accountancy or CA. CA is the holy grail of accounting in India. Please note that the CA exam discussed here is different from the CPA exam. Now to make you believe about what the CA exam is all about, let’s look at some evidence of its repute –
- Among all students who attempt the ICAI exam, only 3-8% clear inter and final level.
- This prestigious institute ICAI has a whopping number of students currently, i.e., 1,175,000.
- CA Exam offered by ICAI has been ranked no. 2 worldwide.
- As per the statistics of April 2015, the total numbers of CAs are 239,974. Out of which 124,434 CAs are employed with organizations, and 115,540 are practicing CAs.
- ICAI is an institute that has been birthing CAs since 1949, which means the ICAI exam has 67 years of a long history of producing one of the most employable professionals in the world.
These numbers didn’t come out of the blue. They were created. And if you’re one of the CA aspirants, you need to put your heart and soul into this CA Exam to be counted among them. Interested? Know everything about the ICAI exam in this article. We will talk about the nuts and bolts of the CA exam in detail.
Hint – This article will take some time for you to read, and there’s some great information out there. Sit with a pen and paper if you feel like writing something down.
About CA Exam
CA is the holy grail of accounting in India. Students who have a commerce background are the perfect fit for CAs. Rather most students enroll for the CA exam when they pass out from 10+2. But there is also a direct route to do CA. You need to be a graduate, and you can sit for the CA exam. Before enrolling, remember that it’s not for the faint-hearted. You need to put a lot of hard work into this ICAI Exam course.
- Roles: Accountant, Auditor, Internal Auditor, Financial Reporter, SAP FICO Consultant, and Tax Consultant.
- Exam: To pass the ICAI exam, you need to go through 3 levels. If you appear after graduation (subject to you adhere to the eligibility criteria), you need to sit for only 2 levels.
- ICAI Exam Dates: CA exam Final & IPCC are conducted in May & November, whereas CPT is conducted in June & December, every year.
- The nitty-gritty: There is a lot of nitty-gritty in the CA exam. You not only need to pass three levels of exam, you need to complete 100 hours of Information Technology Training (ITT) and also article-ship of 3 years. To enter into article-ship, students must at least clear one group of IPCC.
- Eligibility: You can sit for the CA exam after 10th Standard and enroll yourself for CPT. But if you want to go after graduation, you need to score 55% if you are a commerce graduate or if you are a bachelor of other streams, you need to score at least 60% in your graduation. After graduation (subject to you adhere to all the eligibility criteria), you would be able to directly sit for the IPCC exam.
Why Pursue the ICAI Exam?
CA exam is not a course which should be pursued by everyone. It’s for students who are willing to put everything into the CA exam. Forget about social life; forget about fun, and forget about other areas of your life. Your one thing focus should be CA if you want to clear it. If you’re really willing to crack the code of CA, you should pursue it. But there is good news as well. Your hard work will not go in vain.
- Once you complete CA, you will earn instant credibility. You don’t need to go to companies and stand in line. You can choose to practice yourself as a self-employed professional, or you can join a credible post in an organization.
- Someone says so well when he says that it’s not in achieving, but in becoming that you get your worth. So when you invest your day and night in pursuance of CA, you will not only clear the ICAI exam, you will become resilient, persistent, hardworking, and immensely knowledgeable. On a scale of 10 in employability where all these skills are a must, you would score more than eight if you pursue CA with utter diligence.
- CA exam, as a course, is a comprehensive course. You will learn a lot about a lot of subjects which would be your ally for the rest of your career. You would not only learn about accounting, but you will also learn audit, taxation, financial reporting, and many more. So every sweat that you drop from your brow would be beneficial for the rest of your career.
Let’s have a look at the top 5 companies which employ CA –
- Deloitte (has based over 150 countries and employed over 200,000 professionals; the largest professional services network in the world by revenue)
- PricewaterhouseCoopers (PWC) (One of the Big 4 audit companies in the world; second largest professional services network in 2014)
- Ernst & Young (EY) (One of the Big 4 audit firms and largest service firm in revenue in 2012)
- KPMG (Employed over 162,000 people and one of the Big 4 audit firms in the world)
- BDO International (Fifth largest accountancy network in the world)
ICAI Exam Format
There are 3 levels of the exam if you need the route after standard 10. Let’s look at the exam format of each level one by one.
CPT (Common Proficiency Test)
- CPT is an entry-level test in the CA exam. To pass the ICAI exam, the first battle you need to clear 4 subjects divided into two sessions.
- In the first session, you need to sit for the Fundamentals of Accounting and Mercantile Laws.
- In the second session, you will sit for General Economics and Quantitative Aptitude.
- The knowledge level you need to have is foundational.
- There is a total of 200 multiples choice questions you need to answer to be able to clear the CPT exam.
- To pass CPT, you need to score at least 50%. That means you need to score 100 out of 200 if you want to pass the exam.
- There is no negative marking for not attempting any question. But if you give the wrong answer to a question, you will have to pay the penalty of 0.25 marks.
IPCC (Integrated Professional Competence Course)
- There are some eligibility criteria before you can sit for IPCC. To be able to sit for IPCC, you need to clear CPT plus 10+2, or you should complete your graduation with 55% marks in the commerce stream and 60% in other streams or candidates who have passed the Intermediate level examination in ICSI or ICWAI. You also need to complete 100 hours of Information Technology Training (ITT) before you are eligible to take the exam. Moreover, you should register for your IPCC exam at least 9 months before taking the examination.
- There are two groups in IPCC. The first group has 4 subjects, and the second group has 3 subjects. In the first group, you will attempt Accounting, Law Ethics & Communication, Cost AccountingCost AccountingCost accounting is a defined stream of managerial accounting used for ascertaining the overall cost of production. It measures, records and analyzes both fixed and variable costs for this purpose. & Financial Management, and Taxation (two parts – 1st part: Income Tax and 2nd part: Service Tax & VAT). In the second group, you have to sit for Advanced Accounting, Auditing & Assurance, and Information Technology & Strategic Management.
- If you’re sitting for IPCC, the expectation is that you at least have working knowledge in each subject.
- To clear IPCC, you need to score at least 40% in each subject, and your aggregate in all the subjects would be 50%.
- This is the added advantage or requirement of passing the CA exam. Once you complete IPCC, you need to do 3 years of article-ship. The minimum requirement for being able to do article-ship is to clear at least one group of IPCC and to complete 100 hours of ITT.
- Article-ship is the practical training, and students will get paid an amount as stipend every month.
CA Exam Final
- There are two requirements to be eligible to sit for the CA Final exam.
- The first thing is you need to pass both groups of IPCC.
- The second thing is you need to complete at least 2.5 years of article-ship before the exam.
- There are two groups you need to clear to pass the CA Final. In each group, there are 4 subjects. In the first group, you need to sit for Financial Reporting, Strategic Financial Management, Advanced Auditing & Professional Ethics, and Corporate Laws & Secretarial Practice. In the second group, you will attempt Advanced Management Accounting, Information Systems Control, Direct Taxes, and Indirect Taxes.
- You need to have advanced knowledge to be able to clear the CA Final.
- You need to score at least 40% in each subject and 50% in aggregate to pass the exam.
- Once you pass the exam, you will be able to enroll as a member of ICAI. You will get the membership of both ACA (Associate Member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India) and FCA (Fellow Member of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India).
- You will also get two certificates once you pass the CA final – the first certificate is the certificate of membership and the second certificate is the certificate of practice.
CA Exam Weights/Breakdown
The breakdown of the ICAI exam at each level is different. Let’s see how the weight at each level has been distributed.
CPT (200 Marks)
It has two sessions, as mentioned above. Each session has two sections. In the first session, the first section is Fundamentals of Accounting, which is given 60% weightage, and the second section is Mercantile Laws, which is given 40% weightage. In the second session, the first section is General Economics and the second section is Quantitative Aptitude. Both have been given equal weightage (i.e., 50%).
Let’s look at the weightage at each group (as you know, IPCC has two groups) –
Group 1 (400 Marks)
- Accounting (25%)
- Law Ethics & Communication (25%)
- Cost Accounting (12.5%) + Financial Management (12.5%)
- Taxation [Part I: Income Tax (18.75%) + Part II: Service Tax & VAT (6.25%)]
Group 2 (300 Marks)
- Advanced Accounting (33.33%)
- Auditing & Assurance (33.33%)
- Information Technology (16.67%) & Strategic Management (16.67%)
ICAI Exam Final
Let’s have a glance at each subject and what weightage is being given to them –
Group 1 (400 Marks)
Each subject has equal weightage (i.e., 25% each)
Group 2 (400 Marks)
Here as well, each subject is being given a similar weightage (i.e., 25% each)
CA Examination Fees
It takes 5 years to complete the CA exam if you clear the exams in one go. Let’s look at the fee structure of the ICAI exam, assuming that you are enrolling for CPT as well.
- First, you need to enroll for CPT, and you need to pay INR 1500.
- Once you qualify for CPT, you need to pay the tuition fees of INR 7500, which includes registration as an audit clerk (500), a fee for student associations (`500), registration fee with BoS Knowledge Portal (500), tuition fee for IPCC (4000) and registration fee for 100 hours of ITT (2000).
- After clearing IPCC, you need to pay INR 8500 for the last stage of CA exam studies. In total, you need to spend around INR 17,500 for the entire CA Exam.
ICAI Exam Results & Passing Rates
To have an idea about what to expect from your CA examination, it’s important for you to know the past trends of results and passing rates. Here we will present you the past 5 years’ results and passing rates so that on the basis of these statistics, you can make a concrete decision.
Passing rates for the last 5 years are below
Passing rates for the last 5 years are below (both groups) –
CA Exam Final Results
Passing rates for the last 5 years are below (both groups) –
CA Exam Study Materials
All the study materials are being provided by ICAI. But only study materials are not enough. You need to browse through past year question papers as well. So while studying, get them first. If you can enroll yourself under an experienced teacher who can teach CA, your chance of success will increase.
Strategies to crack the code of CA Exam
Here are a few tips which will help you crack one of the toughest exams in India. Have a look –
- No matter what level you’re preparing for, the first thing you need to know that you need to give yourself at least 6 months of intense study before the exam. There shouldn’t be any excuse that you don’t have 6 months. If you want to crack ICAI Exam (any level), you need to commit from your core and then go after it.
- Once you set aside 6 months for studying all the subjects, it’s time to plan how you would study. Remember, you need to complete at least one walkthrough over all subjects and two revisions. For doing this, you need to be diligent. Within the first 4 months, you need to complete the whole walkthrough of all the subjects (if you’re preparing for CPT, you need to give one month to each subject; if you are going for IPCC, all you have is 17 days per subject; and if you are preparing for CA Final, you have 15 days for each subject).
- During your first walk through make sure that you have at least 3 days to spare. Meaning if you are preparing for CA Final, you need to prepare one subject in 12 days. Another 2 days, you need to summarize, and on the last day, you should sit for a 3-hour exam so that you can get an idea about your area of improvement.
- Once you’re done with the first walkthrough, it’s time for the first revision. Let’s say you’re preparing for CA Final. You need to do the revision within 45-48 days. That means each subject will get 5-6 days for revision—this time, you need to work on the areas you need to improve.
- Now you have 10-12 days left for the exam. During this time, you need to give the final revision and sit for the mock test every day.
- Make sure you decide 6 months of time by taking into account the exam date beforehand. You should take 7 days more for contingency. Means, if you decide to take 6 months to prepare for the exam, take 187 days of preparation, leaving 7 days for contingency. We advise you to keep this time in case any emergency arrives or in case you get sick during your preparation time.
This is a comprehensive guide on everything you need to know about ICAI Exam. I hope you didn’t skip any part, and you took good notes. Now go and crack CA Exam. Good luck!
This has been a guide to ICAI Exam (CA Examination). Here we discuss what the CA exam is, why you should pursue it, its fees, structure, passing strategies, tips, and tricks, etc. You may also have a look at the following articles –