Capital Commitment

Updated on March 22, 2024
Article byKosha Mehta
Edited byKosha Mehta
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What Is Capital Commitment?

The context in which the term Capital Commitment is employed creates a variety of interpretations. The term “capital commitment” indicates the expected capital expenditures that a business will make on long-term assets over time.

Capital Commitment

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In the sale of stock, capital commitment refers to the number of securities a firm has or is committed to selling. Capital commitments are not the same as contingencies, which are conditions or occurrences the firm cannot foresee with any degree of confidence and hence cannot plan for.

Key Takeaways

  • Capital commitment refers to the amount of money a business will have to spend purchasing long-term assets over time.
  • The stock inventories of financial markets and the contributions in blind pool funds made by venture capitalists are two examples of capital commitments.
  • Operating expenses, such as those linked to property, equipment, manufacturing materials, and future company initiatives, are the most typical capital commitment. Other prominent types include loans.
  • Overextending a firm’s available funding is one of the dangers of making capital commitments since it raises the potential that the company may be unable to fulfill its other promises.

Capital Commitment Explained

In accounting, capital commitment refers to the amount of money a firm wants to spend within a given period. In addition, it refers to the company’s anticipated expenditures on long-term assets such as buildings, facilities, and equipment.

A capital commitment meaning implies a broad term that refers to the agreed-upon amount of money that a general partner can seek (or withdraw) from a limited partner.

When an investor purchases a position in a private equity fund, the agreement stipulates the total capital the investor will commit to the fund. This money is not originally sought from the investor but may be demanded by the general partner.

Regarding business, committing refers to allocating cash for a certain purpose. Also, it may include the payment of any potential future liabilities. Thus, this mostly entails ongoing operational expenditures, including those associated with the property, machinery, and supplies used in manufacturing. The phrase “held” or “directed” refers to monetary resources that are managed or utilized in a specific fashion, regardless of the context in which it is applied.

Future business endeavors, such as the start of an expansion project, are one example of the types of investments that might fall under the category of commitments. In addition, companies that operate in capital-intensive sectors, such as electricity generation, require to make more financial investments.

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Let us look at the following capital commitment example to understand the concept better.

An article published by business wire describes how Pharma Tech Holdings (PTH) got a commitment agreement. A global investor LDA Capital agreed to It is a firm with its headquarters in Switzerland that primarily conducts business in Europe. Majorly focusing on health technology, agricultural technology, and functional food.

LDA Capital Ltd is a worldwide investment organization with expertise in cross-border deals. It notably involves the agricultural, Agri-tech, and CBD industries. According to Wire, PTH will primarily invest and assist the companies in its portfolio using the funds from this agreement.


Let us look at the sample letter of capital commitment to understanding the concept better.

Capital Commitment Letter

Capital Commitment vs Capital Contribution

  • A legally enforceable duty to make capital contributions to a fund is a commitment, and an investor makes it. The fulfillment of such an obligation is referred to as a donation. The amount received from an investor to a fund is called a contribution. Contributions are often made over the course of time in response to a fund’s requests for funds.
  • The first step in communicating interest in providing capital is to commit to contributing capital. The result of a capital commitment is a capital contribution. Mostly as either an exchange for an equity stake or as part of a previous obligation.
  • If any problems arise in the future, it is possible to invoke the commitment legally. However, the capital received in contribution cannot be canceled or taken back quickly within a short time.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is capital commitment in accounting?

The term is used in accounting to describe the total of a company’s planned expenditures over a given period. For example, it’s the money the business plans to lay out on infrastructure improvements like new buildings and machinery.

2. Are capital commitments a liability?

Private funds’ commitments that are not called or funded should not trigger a major issue under Section 18 of the 1940 Act. This act certifies that the fund will continue to record ‘called’ capital commitments as a liability (following GAAP). Therefore, until the fund receives a signed capital call notice from a Private Fund, the uncalled and unfunded capital commitment does not become liabilities of the fund.

3. What is capital commitment as per Ind AS?

As per Indian Accounting Standards, Capital commitment is defined as an incurred obligation to make capital expenditures in the future for which contracts have been made, according to the ICAI Glossary of Terms Used in Financial Statements. From this definition, we may deduce that the word “commitment” simply means a future obligation to pay money under a contract.

This article has been a guide to What is Capital Commitment & its meaning. We explain it with an example, a letter, and comparisons with the capital contribution. You can learn more from the following articles –

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