Committed Cost

Updated on January 3, 2024
Article byRatnesh Sharma
Edited byAshish Kumar Srivastav
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What is the Committed Cost?

Committed Costs are fixed or budgeted or confirmed payments to be made in the future to the vendors for goods or services to be taken, which are necessary for the smooth flow of the business and the absence of which may disrupt the main operations of a business which may have a credible impact on the company. Examples include rent cost of offices, rental costs of factories, fixed pay for employees, retirement benefits paid to employees, etc.

Committed Cost

You are free to use this image on your website, templates, etc, Please provide us with an attribution linkHow to Provide Attribution?Article Link to be Hyperlinked
For eg:
Source: Committed Cost (wallstreetmojo.com)

Examples of Committed Cost

Example #1

Let’s have a look over the types of committed costs:

Committed Cost Example 1

Explanation

  • As you can see, a typical company may have overhead expenses which are unavoidable & are committed to the character of the business.
  • These expenses will not stop even if the company is not operating.

Example #2

Let us have a look over how rental cost is calculated –

Example 2

Explanation

  • Escalation means an increase in rental amount per annum. Over five years, the rental cost has increased from $ 42500 to $ 51659.
  • Even in the wake of COVID-19, companies must bear the rental cost irrespective of whether the factories are running or in an idle state.
  • Thus, rental is treated as a committed cost.

Financial Modeling & Valuation Courses Bundle (25+ Hours Video Series)

–>> If you want to learn Financial Modeling & Valuation professionally , then do check this ​Financial Modeling & Valuation Course Bundle​ (25+ hours of video tutorials with step by step McDonald’s Financial Model). Unlock the art of financial modeling and valuation with a comprehensive course covering McDonald’s forecast methodologies, advanced valuation techniques, and financial statements.

Example #3

Say a hotel is running at location 1 with the following details –

Committed Cost Example 3

The factory is running at a rental cost of $ 3500,000. But the whole space is not being utilized in the past three years due to a lesser number of customers & increase in home deliveries. The hotel management received an offer of similar infrastructure with reduced space & reduced rental costs. The management accepted the offer to shift to location 2.

The initial stages of the hotel at a new location will be difficult to establish. Thus, the details at location 2 are as follows –

Example 3.1

Implication

  • Shifting the establishment from location 1 to location 2 impacts the main business.
  • The rental is reduced by $ 1400,000, but still, it is committed to cost. You can see at location 2; the hotel has to incur the annual employee costs with no change. Additionally, it has to incur the relocation cost of shifting the hotel premises.
  • Since the hotel is new at the location, it will receive fewer orders in the initial stages. Thus, even the materials cost is reduced substantially.
  • However, such relocation impacts business with the pinch of committed costs and is difficult to alter or change.
  • Relocation means shutting down the business at location 1 & restarting at location 2, wherein the hotel has to re-establish its reputation and its goodwill & capturing new customers.

Example #4

Let us have an example of the maintenance cost of new machinery. The details are as follows:

Committed Cost Example 4

Explanation

  • Even if the company is not using the machinery for a few months, it must pay maintenance costs as agreed.
  • Thus, $ 24000 is the committed cost.

Committed Cost vs. Discretionary Cost

Committed CostDiscretionary Cost
These costs are fixed in nature.These costs are fixed with little flexibility from the vendor.
These cannot be avoided at any cost.These can be made avoidable as per the agreement with the vendor.
These are included in budgets, and elimination needs approval from top management.These are also included in budgets, but elimination does not require higher approvals.
After elimination from the budget, finding better alternatives is difficult.After elimination from budgets, alternatives can easily be escalated.
The amount of commitment cannot be changed easily.The amount of discretionary fixed costs can be changed easily.
It cannot be postponed & thus, actual usage is not relevant.It can be postponed as per the choice of management & thus, actual usage is relevant.
Examples are rent costs, fixed pay of employees, etc.Examples are variable pay of the employee, performance-linked incentives, advertising costs, etc.

Advantages

Conclusion

Committed cost is considerably high in the wake of COVID-19. Many companies are determined to pay the fixed costs (such as rental expenses, AMC, etc.) even if the factories are not operational. Many individuals are also working from their home towns, but they have to pay rent for the flat in their work town. Committed costs are a burden if the said services/goods are unavailable for usage due to such outbreaks. On the other hand, a committed one has assured revenue for another. Thus, breaking the chain may cause the economic cycle to break down.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to what is Committed Cost and its definition. Here we discuss examples of committed costs along with advantages and their differences from discretionary costs. You may learn more about finance from the following articles –