Conversion Cost


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What is Conversion Cost?

Conversion cost is the cost incurred by any manufacturing entity in the process of converting its raw material into finished goods capable of being sold in the market and usually includes total value of labor cost and other applied overheads like factory overheads, administrative overhead, etc.


Conversion Cost Formula = Manufacturing Overheads + Direct Labour


Conversion Cost Examples

Some examples of conversion cost are as follows –

  • Machinery depreciation
  • Plant and machinery maintenance
  • Salary to production staff
  • Direct labour benefits
  • Rent of factory
  • Utility bills
  • Factory insurance
  • Production supervision
  • Salary of staff related to production

Let us take an example to understand this concept.

Samsung has a cell phone production unit with a production capacity of 10,000 daily it incurs day to day expenses to carry on its business running. The company wants to know its conversion cost from the following mentioned information.

Conversion Cost Example


Conversion Cost = Manufacturing Overheads + Direct Labour

Direct Labour = $3,00,000

Manufacturing Overheads = 10,000 (Equipment Depreciation) + 5,000 (Factory Insurance) + 80,000( Indirect Material) + 20,000(Factory Rent) + 90,000(Electricity expense) + 1,00,000(Maintenance expense) + 5,000(Inspection expense)

  • Manufacturing Overheads = $3,10,000
  • = $3,00,000 + $3,10,000
  • Conversion Cost = $6,10,000
  • = $6,10,000 / 10,000
  • Conversion Cost per Unit = $610


Conversion Cost vs Prime Cost

  • Conversion cost can be defined as a costing terminology that provides information regarding expenditure incurred in the form of direct labour and overhead to convert basic raw material into finished goods. At the same time, the prime costPrime CostPrime cost is the direct cost incurred in manufacturing a product and typically includes the direct production cost of goods, raw material and direct labour costs. It is an essential part of total manufacturing expenses. Costing and effective pricing of the goods are primarily determined on their more is another costing term that quantifies the value of direct material, direct labour, and other direct expenses incurred in manufacturing any particular product. Conversion cost and prime cost both are manufacturing sector terminology and used as a tool to determine the effectiveness in the production of a particular product.
  • Both conversion and prime cost use many of the same production factors, but each has a different opinion on product efficiency. Prime cost uses both direct material and direct labour to complete a product while conversion cost does not include a direct material cost. Certain cost elements are included in one and excluded on another like prime cost does not include overhead expenses which are applied in conversion cost. The main objective of the prime cost is to set the price of a product with the desired profits. In contrast, the conversion cost is calculated in order, to sum up, and resolve any manufacturing inefficiency. Prime cost is calculated and presented at the beginning of the cost sheet, but there is a set a standard that required the calculation of conversion cost until and unless the manger desires it.



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