Conversion Cost

For eg:
Source: Conversion Cost (wallstreetmojo.com)

What is Conversion Cost?

Conversion cost is the cost incurred by any manufacturing entity in the process of converting its raw material into finished goods capable of being sold in the market and usually includes total value of labor cost and other applied overheads like factory overheads, administrative overhead, etc.

Formula

Conversion Cost Formula = Manufacturing Overheads + Direct Labour

Here,

• means the expenses which can be directly attributed to each unit of product or the process. These include electricity bills, rent, depreciation, plant insurance, repairs and maintenance of plants, etc.
• is the cost associated with manufacturing the product directly such as wages, salaries to workers, for workers, insurance of production staff, supervision, etc.

Conversion Cost Examples

Some examples of conversion cost are as follows –

• Machinery depreciation
• Plant and machinery maintenance
• Salary to production staff
• Direct labour benefits
• Rent of factory
• Utility bills
• Factory insurance
• Production supervision
• Salary of staff related to production

Let us take an example to understand this concept.

Samsung has a cell phone production unit with a production capacity of 10,000 daily it incurs day to day expenses to carry on its business running. The company wants to know its conversion cost from the following mentioned information.

Solution:

Conversion Cost = Manufacturing Overheads + Direct Labour

Direct Labour = \$3,00,000

Manufacturing Overheads = 10,000 (Equipment Depreciation) + 5,000 (Factory Insurance) + 80,000( Indirect Material) + 20,000(Factory Rent) + 90,000(Electricity expense) + 1,00,000(Maintenance expense) + 5,000(Inspection expense)

• = \$3,00,000 + \$3,10,000
• Conversion Cost = \$6,10,000
• = \$6,10,000 / 10,000
• Conversion Cost per Unit = \$610

Importance

• This is a measure used to allocate unallocated overhead cost to products manufactured for better cost planning and monitoring,
• It helps business to ascertain the cost of inventory which needs to be reported in the as an asset.
• The proper application helps businesses to determine the selling price per unit, thereby achieving its .
• In the case of inefficiencies, it helps in redesigning and reengineering of the production.

Conversion Cost vs Prime Cost

• Conversion cost can be defined as a costing terminology that provides information regarding expenditure incurred in the form of direct labour and overhead to convert basic raw material into finished goods. At the same time, the is another costing term that quantifies the value of direct material, direct labour, and other direct expenses incurred in manufacturing any particular product. Conversion cost and prime cost both are manufacturing sector terminology and used as a tool to determine the effectiveness in the production of a particular product.
• Both conversion and prime cost use many of the same production factors, but each has a different opinion on product efficiency. Prime cost uses both direct material and direct labour to complete a product while conversion cost does not include a direct material cost. Certain cost elements are included in one and excluded on another like prime cost does not include overhead expenses which are applied in conversion cost. The main objective of the prime cost is to set the price of a product with the desired profits. In contrast, the conversion cost is calculated in order, to sum up, and resolve any manufacturing inefficiency. Prime cost is calculated and presented at the beginning of the cost sheet, but there is a set a standard that required the calculation of conversion cost until and unless the manger desires it.

• It helps to determine the amount spent in turning raw material into a product.
• It helps in eradicating any deficiency in the production process and helps in reducing the .
• It helps managers to supervise and keep track of expenses of production.
• It is used in developing a price model for a product and estimating the cost of the final product.
• Managers and sometimes, business owners use conversion costs to find out if there is any wastage that can be eliminated.
• This is used to determine the to report it on the financial statements (if applicable).