Compound Journal Entry

Article byWallstreetmojo Team
Edited byAshish Kumar Srivastav
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

A compound journal entry is the journal entry in the accounting system where more than one account is debited or credited, i.e., when a transaction affects more than the three accounting heads.

Compound Journal Entry Definition

A compound journal entry means a combination of two or more debits and credits in a single  accounting entry Accounting EntryAccounting Entry is a summary of all the business transactions in the accounting books, including the debit & credit entry. It has 3 major types, i.e., Transaction Entry, Adjusting Entry, & Closing Entry. read more. It means it is a journal entry with the following combinations: –

  1. One debit and two or more credits, or
  2. One credit and two or more debits, or
  3. Two or more debits and credits

As per the debits Debits Debit represents either an increase in a company’s expenses or a decline in its revenue. read more & credits, the rules include having a minimum of 2 accounts (1debit & at least 1 credit), listing debits before credits, & debit amounts always being equivalent to credit amounts. Professionals can merge different journal entries based on their professional judgment and experience. Combination journal entries may include depreciationDepreciationDepreciation is a systematic allocation method used to account for the costs of any physical or tangible asset throughout its useful life. Its value indicates how much of an asset’s worth has been utilized. Depreciation enables companies to generate revenue from their assets while only charging a fraction of the cost of the asset in use each year. read more, payroll, various items in a particular invoice, bank reconciliation ReconciliationReconciliation is the process of comparing account balances to identify any financial inconsistencies, discrepancies, omissions, or even fraud. At the end of any accounting period, reconciliation involves matching balances and ensuring that debits (credits) from one account for one transaction is same as the credit (debits) to another account for the same transaction.read more, a single transaction involving multiple components, etc.

Compound-Entry

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Key Takeaways

  • A compound journal entry is an accounting entry that consists of a combination of two or more debits and credits in a single accounting entry.
  • In an accounting system, compound journal entry saves time, provides better presentation, and gives a bird’s eye view of the analysis while presenting the data as a summary.
  • To frame the compound entries for all tasks, one requires expertise to ensure that the applicable standards, rules, and guidelines are followed.
  • Considerable risk of data misreporting arises if the compound journal entry criterion is not fulfilled, which could also violate the applicable standard’s disclosure requirement.

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Compound Journal Entry Examples

Let us understand the compound entry with examples: –

Example #1

ABC Ltd., on 31st March, has the following list of assets with depreciation amount to be charged in the books of account:

Example 1

Please pass the compound journal entry individually and in a compound format.

Solution:

Compound Journal Entry 1
Compound Journal Entry 1-1

The above data shows that compound entry saves time and energy, as more data can be presented concisely with better presentation.

Example #2

Mr. ABC admitted his son to a B-school for management studies and paid $90,000, including all the components. The list of the element of the same are as given below: –

Example 2

Please pass compound journal entries in the books of B-school individually and compounded ones.

Solution:

Journal Entry
Compound Journal Entry 2-1

Advantages

Disadvantages

Conclusion

Compound entry is a more efficient form of accountancy, enhancing the accountant’s productivity and leading to a better accounting presentation. Moreover, according to the standard and guidelines in a particular nation, the accountant can frame compound journal entries and optimize time and effort.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What are the compound entry accounting examples?

Credit card transactions, multiple petty cash purchases, business loan payments, payroll, and sales tax are some compound journal entry examples.

What are the compound journal entry requirements?

One must fulfill the two conditions to record a compound journal entry: the compounded transaction date must be the same, and the nature of these transactions must also be the same.

What is the simple vs compound journal entry?

In the accounting system, in a simple journal entry, one needs a debit account and the corresponding account to credit. In contrast, a compound journal entry includes more than two accounts.

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