FRM exam (Financial Risk Management) is a part of tests conducted by Global Association of Risk Professionals to issue a FRM certification to the person who passes the exam recognizing that the person is eligible to work in financial environment because he has a strong knowledge and sound understanding of financial risk, its analysis and its management.
FRM Exam (Financial Risk Management Certification) – Why Financial Risk Management (or FRM) is one of the most sought-after certifications for Risk Professionals?
- There have been more than 150,000 registrants for the FRM exam since 1997.
- 923 organizations had five or more registrations for the FRM Exam in 2014.
- 38 organizations had 100 or more Financial Risk Management Certification registrations in 2013.
- In 2014, 11 organizations had 250 or more Financial Risk Management registrations.
- In 2014, graduate students from over 350 educational institutions enrolled in the FRM.
- 90% of those who sat for the May 2014 FRM Exam would recommend that their colleagues also sit for the FRM Exam.
- More than 30,000 FRMs are practicing worldwide.
As you can note from these mind-boggling numbers, FRM certification is one of the best ways to boost Risk Management Careers (and of course, salaries :-) ). However, you will have to invest a good amount of your time and money and also sacrifice a lot of your social life.
Also, have a look at Important FRM exam 2020 dates and registration process
This comprehensive Financial Risk Management article will give you nuts and the bolt of FRM Certification Examination, pattern, study tips, exam resources, etc.
- About FRM Program
- Why Pursue Financial Risk Management Certification?
- FRM Exam Format
- FRM Exam Weights / Breakdown
- FRM Certification Examination Fees
- FRM Results & Passing Rates
- Financial Risk Management Study Material
- Strategies: Before the FRM exam
- Strategies: During the FRM exam
- Scholarship Opportunities for FRM Certification
- Deferral policy
- Useful FRM Exam Prep Resources
Please note that like the FRM certification exam, there are various other credentials from which you could pick, subject to the area of finance you want to specialize in. It is very important that you choose yours carefully as each one of them is exclusive and provides certain paybacks, if not then it won’t count. If you are confused about which one to go for, you may look at a comparative analysis on CFA vs FRM. Also, to get a deeper understanding of the CFA examination, you can look at the Beginner’s Guide to CFA Examination.
What is FRM Exam (Financial Risk Management Certification)?
The Global Association of Risk Professionals (GARP®) came up with the Financial Risk Manager (FRM®) for those who are interested in getting certified as someone serious about managing risks. Financial Risk Management can really be a treasured certification which can help you in career enhancement, stand out and get recognized among the employers and give you an opportunity to improve your knowledge and expertise in the area of financial risk management.
- Roles: Financial Risk Consultant, Risk Management, Credit Management, Asset Liability Management, Risk Appraisal, Risk Assessment. FRM may not be useful for those looking for Investment Banking or Equity Research Careers
- Exam: The FRM certification program consists of FRM Exam Part I and Part II which are pencil and paper multiple choice exams.
- FRM Exam dates: Both the FRM Exam Part I and Part II are conducted twice a year in the month of May and November (usually third Saturday). Also both the levels can be taken on the same day at once.
- The Deal: The two-part FRM Exam tests advanced, cumulative knowledge, and the concepts tested on the FRM Exam Part I are needed for Part II. The FRM certification programs two parts concludes with a four-hour examination each. Both FRM Part I and Part II can be taken on one single day. Although if you do not clear Financial Risk Management Certification Part I and clear Part II, you will still have to appear for both the exams next time.
- Eligibility: Anyone can enroll in order to take the FRM exams.
FRM Certification Program completion criteria
- Pass the FRM Exam Part I and Part II within 4 years
- Candidates must take the FRM Exam Part I before taking Part II
- Demonstrate 2 years of relevant work experience. This work experience cannot be more than 10 years prior to having passed the FRM Exam Part II. Also, the experience earned for school will not be considered, including internships, part-time jobs, or student teaching. A candidate has 5 years to submit their work experience. After 5 years, the candidate will have to re-enroll in the FRM certification program and pay the required fees again.
- Certified FRMs are strongly encouraged to earn 40 hours of Continuing Professional Development (CPD) every two years to maintain the latest best practices in risk management.
Recommended study hours: GARP recommends that FRM candidates dedicate around 200 hours of study to prepare for each part of the FRM exams.
What do you earn? You become a certified Financial Risk Manager (FRM®)
Why Pursue the FRM Exam?
FRM certification should be chosen and pursued because it is required in the current economic and finance industry. But at the same time, you need to consider your career prospects which could vary according to your interests and current professional experience if any.
- FRM Certification does not guarantee a job or a salary hike but yes it definitely gives you an edge over your counterparts, provides a reasonable advantage over your colleagues at your workplace.
- With this, you get an opportunity to prove your worth which in turn could help you with the salary hike and not just the certification.
- Moreover, the focused knowledge and skills you learn in financial risk management, the opportunity to network and access with financial risk professionals can provide you with exposure to the industry.
- This certification will give you a chance to indicate a high-value skill set in a niche fragment of the finance domain.
Have a look at the top 5 companies and the top 5 global banks employing the most FRM’s.
FRM Exam Format
|FRM Exam||Financial Risk Management Certification – Part I Exam||Financial Risk Management Certification – Part II Exam|
|Focus on||Basic tools and techniques used in risk management and various theories that use them.||Application of the tools and techniques learned in Part I and deeper insights into major sub-parts of risk management.|
|Exam format||Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)||Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)|
|Questions||Equally-weighted 100 questions||Equally-weighted 80 questions|
|Duration||4 hours||4 hours|
Key highlights of the FRM exam format
FRM Certification Exam – Part 1
- This part of the FRM exam focuses primarily on critical tools and theories required to gauge financial risk.
- The broad area of study would include the foundation of risk management, quantitative analysis, financial markets and products, valuation and risk models.
- The exam is in multiple-choice questions format which makes it easy but taking into consideration the time aspect, the exam taker has on an average around 2.4 minutes per question.
- Questions are aimed to relate theory to practical, real-world, problems to understand risk management.
- No penalties for incorrect answers :-)
FRM Certification Exam – Part II
- This part of the FRM certification exam is a notch up then the Part I exam and focuses on market risk management, credit risk management, operational and integrated risk management, investment risk management and current issues in financial markets.
- The exam is again Multiple choice questions format and the exam taker has on an average of 3 minutes per question.
- Questions are practical in nature, wherein the candidates are expected to behave as a risk manager and deal with risk management.
- No negative marking for incorrect answers :-)
FRM Exam Weights / Breakdown
FRM Certification Exam – Part I
- Every particular aspect of financial risk management will weigh differently in the exam (Breakup provided below). In order to clear the Part I exam, you are required to demonstrate extensive knowledge of all the areas laid down by the FRM curriculum.
- You need to practice well for the quantitative section especially if you from a commerce background and have not worked on quantitative problems before.
- One great news for you. There are NO SECTIONAL CUT-OFFS! Yes, you can clear the exam even in case you get the 4th quartile in one of the sections. Though it is highly advisable to not screw-up the high weight sections you see below.
FRM Certification Exam – Part II
- The FRM certification Part II exam curriculum has been divided into five main areas (outlined below with their individual weight)
- The maximum weight and focus of the exam are for the sub-areas of risk management such as Market Risk Management, Credit Risk Management Operational & Integrated Risk Management.
- Again there are no sectional cut-offs :-)
FRM Certification Exam Fees
The following is the information for FRM Certification Part I May 2020;
You will have to pay a one-time enrollment fee of $400. Another aspect which needs to be taken into account is the time of payment. The earlier you register for the exam the cheaper it is. For instance, the payment during the third deadline will cost you the US $950 whereas the first deadline will cost you the US $300 less that is the US $650.
The FRM certification program enrollment fees are valid for four years which means that you need to appear for the Financial Risk Management Certification – Part I & II exam within this period.
|FRM||May 16 2020||Nov – 2020|
|FRM Enrollment Fees||$400||Valid for 4 years||Valid for 4 years|
|(one time fees)|
|Exam Fees||If you register between these dates|
|Early Registration||Part 1 – $425 Part 2 – $350||December 1, 2019 – January 31, 2020||ends July 31, 2020|
|Standard Registration||Part 1 – $550 Part 2 – $475||February 01, 2019 – February 29, 2020||ends February 29, 2020|
|Late Registration||Part 1 – $725 Part 2 – $650||March 01,2019 – April 15, 2020||ends April 15, 2020|
The following is the information for Returning candidate FRM Certification Part 1 & FRM Certification Part II May 16, 2020 source – GARP
|Deadlines||December 1, 2019 – January 31st, 2020||February 1, 2019 – February 29th, 2020||March 1, 2019 – April 15th, 2020|
|Enrollment fee||US $0||US $0||US $0|
|Exam fee||US $425||US $550||US $725|
|Total||US $425||US $550||US $725|
source – GARP
FRM Results & Passing Rates
The FRM results are declared through an email generally six weeks after the exam is conducted. You are also provided with the quartile results which will basically allow you to understand how you scored on the broad areas of the exam with respect to other participants. Also, the passing score is not revealed and is determined by the FRM committee.
The passing rates fall within a range of 30-60 % for both the parts of the FRM exam. Let’s look at the passing rates for each of the levels;
FRM Result – Part I Passing rate is around 47%
- Looking at the past 5 years (2014-2018) and 10 exams the FRM Certification Part I Exam had the pass percentage in the range of 42% to 50%, with an average passing rate of 47%.
- The average pass rate since 2010 (i.e., May 2014 to November 2018) for Part 1 is 45.1%
- The pass rate of part 1 for May 2018 is 41%.
- The pass rate of part 1 for Nov 2018 is 50.1%.
- The pass rate of part 1 for May 2019 is 42%.
- The pass rate of part 1 for Nov 2019 is 46%.
FRM Result – Part II Exam Passing rate is around 57%
- Again considering the performance of the past 5 years (2014-2018) and 10 exams the FRM Certification Part II Exam had the pass percentage in the range of 50% to 62%, with an average passing rate of 55%.
- It is interesting to note that the FRM Result pass percentage for both Parts I and II was seen highest in the Year May-2011 at 53.1% and 61.6% respectively.
- The average pass rate since 2010 (i.e., May 2010 to November 2018) for Part 2 is 56.1%
- The pass rate of part 2 for May 2018 is 53.3%.
- The pass rate of part 2 for Nov 2018 is 56%.
- The pass rate of part 2 for May 2019 is 60%.
- The pass rate of part 2 for Nov 2019 is 59%.
FRM Exam Study Material
Here is a comparison between the study material that can be used to prepare for your FRM Certification Part I &II exams. It includes the study material available on the GARP site and Schweser.
|Attribute||Financial Risk Management Certification – Exam Books||Schweser|
|Cost Part I Exam||$250 + shipping||$399|
|Cost Part II Exam||$295 + shipping||$399|
|Practice Exams||Yes, free on-site||Yes|
|End of Chapter Questions||Yes||Yes|
|Must-know quick sheet||No||Yes|
Also, you need to note that there are several packages that are available with Schweser, you could choose the one with the features that suit your requirement. Although for comparison purpose I have included the price and attributes of the Essential Self Study Package. Further to decide whether to opt for the FRM curriculum notes or the prep material will depend upon the time you are going to invest in the preparation of the FRM exam.
FRM Exam Strategies: before the Exam
There is no magic, no shortcuts but purely dedicated efforts that will get you through. Let’s look at a few points that you could consider including in your preparation for the FRM Part I Exam.
- Understand the curriculum- The first and the most important thing is to get a hang of the entire syllabus that you are going to study. Take efforts to really understand it.
- Go through the GARP readings- It is important to go through the core GARP readings at least once and also the FRM Handbook.
- Find a study partner- If you can find a study partner. Look out for someone in a similar situation as your and a schedule. You can be a good help to each other in case of doubts and each partner’s strength in a particular subject.
- Start early- Get this straight, these are not your college exams wherein last-minute study could get you through. In order to prepare well start early and very well plan the preparation schedule, accordingly decide how much time to dedicate for each day. Especially if you are not someone from the finance and quants background you will have to dedicate sufficient time for the preparation.
- Stipulate your own hours of study- Though the recommended hours are somewhere around 200 hours, it doesn’t imply you will clear the exam. These criteria are completely subjective and require sincere efforts ranging between 100-500 hours.
- Prepare well for formulas and calculations- Important consideration for the exam takers is that there is a good amount of quantitative aspect in the subject matter. The mathematical difficulty of the Exam is similar to that of a graduate-level finance course. Moreover, there are important formulas and calculations which need to be known along with its correct application.
- Prepare your own quick sheet- The syllabus involves hell lot of formulas (find them at the end of every chapter) and methods to various measurement types. Mind you, formula sheets are not provided with the exam. So you need to memorize them. One way is to prepare your own formula quick sheet and keep referring to it whenever you have free time during your work or while you are traveling.
- Practice, Practice, and Practice! – Going through the notes, mugging up formulas is only a part of the preparation. The key is going to be the amount of practice you do in solving the problems. It might also happen that you practice today and might forget it after a week. So you can’t do much here but just KEEP PRACTICING! Solve as many practice exams which would give you a hang of how the real thing would be like and make you confident in the final match.
- The course is not a novel- You should not be reading whenever you get time only for 15-20 minutes. Make a habit to study for hours at a stretch for 2-3 hours. Learn the concepts and practice them immediately. If you do that right from day 1 you will not feel the need to, again and again, read the concepts.
- Solve sample papers by GARP- Going through the GARP core readings properly and solving their practice exam (available for free once you register for the exam) should give you a good confidence boost to clear the paper. Also, a few more practice exams Schweser is never harmful. Although do not expect the same level of questions to appear in your paper. Anticipate that the GARP guys will take you for a ride. Simple- Prepare for the worst!
- Prepare every section- Do not drop a few concepts and topics thinking that it is unimportant. Such decisions could backfire. You just cannot afford to ignore any formula from any corner of the books. STUDY EACH AND EVERYTHING.
Dedicate at least 1 week before the exam- If you are working, try and take a week off from before the exam and keep other commitments to the minimum. Use it to stuff yourself with some concepts for that extra edge. Devote this time practicing and rereading your material.
FRM Exam Strategies: During the exam
If you have prepared and done your homework well, the exam day should not be much of a problem. Although I have listed down a few important suggestions that could be important.
- Keep difficult questions for the end- It has been observed by many exam takers that last 10 or so questions were low-hanging fruits, which could be solved easily. This can be unfortunate for those who because of lack of time cannot manage to get that far and are forced to guess the answers. So it is always better to come back to the difficult questions later on and keep answering the ones you know quickly.
- Be quick and alert- Although you might feel you have enough time for each question, keep one thing in mind the Financial Risk Management questions are generally very tricky and tough so u need to be alert and save time to solve the difficult ones.
- Look for easy pickers- You will come across questions wherein you could quickly find solutions. Look out for them as you will be able to solve them correctly within no time. This will help you save time for other questions and also increase your chances of clearing the sections.
- Watch out for lengthy questions- Other types of questions that could be seen in the exam are the ones that were quite lengthy in both words and in the number of steps that were required to chalk out a solution. Plan out for them whether you want it to take it at the beginning or the end.
FRM Exam Scholarship Opportunities
- Candidates that cannot afford and self-fund the FRM exam can access the scholarship provided by GARP.
- This scholarship would cover only the Registration Fee for the FRM Exam Part I.
- Also, note that the scholarships are not available for the FRM Exam Part II.
- The decision whether the scholarship has to be awarded to a particular candidate is at the discretion of GARP and a candidate may be given only one scholarship with no exceptions.
Although in order to avail of the scholarship, the candidate will have to qualify. The following are the guideline laid down by GARP;
- The student must validate full-time enrollment in a graduate degree program at the time of the Exam. So in case, the student is currently enrolled in an undergraduate or certificate program cannot qualify for the scholarship.
- Faculty members would be eligible if they can validate full-time employment at their institution. A complete application form which can be found on the GARP website has to be submitted along with the documents.
FRM Exam Deferral policy
There could be situations wherein you cannot take the exam you have enrolled for. In such cases, a deferral may be considered. Here you are allowed to defer the exam registration once to the next exam date. Although there are a few conditions;
- The deferral has to be submitted by the last day of registration.
- You will have to pay an administrative processing fee of USD 100.00 to defer your Exam.
- You will be automatically re-enrolled in the next Exam cycle and in case you decide not to appear the next Exam, you will lose your Exam registration fee.
FRM certification should be chosen if you are keen on learning and pursuing a career in Financial Risk Management. Financial Risk Management also provides the opportunity to network with like-minded people and help you gain exposure in the Risk Industry. Though Financial Risk Management does not guarantee a job or a salary hike yes it definitely gives you an edge over your counterparts and provides a reasonable advantage over your colleagues at your workplace. Choose this credential keeping in mind the cost-benefit for yourself. It requires a good amount of commitment, discipline, and hard work for it to be earned successfully. All the very best!
This has been a guide to FRM Exam. Here we discuss all Financial Risk Management Certification Exam, FRM Results, pass rates, exam strategies, deferral policy, and scholarship opportunities. You can also go through the following resources to learn more about FRM –