Inverse Matrix in Excel

Article byDhanamma Pandula
Edited byAshish Kumar Srivastav
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

Excel Inverse Matrix

An inverse matrix is the reciprocal of a square matrix that is a non-singular matrix or invertible matrix (determinant is not equal to zero). It is hard to determine the inverse for a singular matrix. The inverse matrix in Excel has an equal number of rows and columns to the original matrix.

One interesting thing about the inverse matrix is that multiplying it with the original matrix will get the identity matrix with all diagonal values equal to one. That is because inverse matrices are applied in linear algebra in solving the equations. Different methods are available to determine the inverse of a matrix, including manual calculation and automated calculation. The automated analysis involves the use of Excel functionsExcel FunctionsExcel functions help the users to save time and maintain extensive worksheets. There are 100+ excel functions categorized as financial, logical, text, date and time, Lookup & Reference, Math, Statistical and Information functions.read more. In Excel, the matrix inverse calculation process is simplified by applying an inbuilt function of MINVERSE in excel.MINVERSE In Excel.MINVERSE stands for "Matrix Inverse" in Excel. It turns a given matrix into an inverse matrix with the identical arrays.read more

Inverse-Matrix-Excel

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How to Inverse a Matrix in Excel?

Excel MINVERSE function helps return the array or matrix inverse. The input matrix must be a square matrix with all numeric values with an equal number of columns and rows in size. The INVERSE matrix will have the same dimensions as the input matrix.

Purpose: This function aims to find out the inverse of a given array.

Return value: This function returns the inverse matrix with equal dimensions.

Syntax: The syntax of the MINVERSE function is

minverse function

Array: The array should consist of only positive or negative numerical values.

The INVERSE function is used in two ways in Excel, including typing manually and inserting from the Math and Trig functions under the “Formula” tab.

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Uses

The inverse matrix in Excel is used for various purposes. Those include:

Examples

You can download this Inverse Matrix Excel Template here – Inverse Matrix Excel Template

Example#1

Determining the inverse of a 2×2 square matrix in Excel

For this example, consider the following matrix A.

Inverse Matrix Example 1.1

Follow the below steps to create a Matrix in Excel.

  1. Enter the matrix A into the Excel sheet, as shown in the below mentioned figure.


    Inverse Matrix Example 1.2
    The range of the matrix is B2: C3.

  2. Select the range of cells to position the inverse matrix A-1 on the same sheet.


    Inverse Matrix Example 1.3

  3. After selecting the required cells, we must insert the MINVERSE function formula into the formula bar. It needs to be ensured that the formula is entered while the cells are still selected.


    Inverse Matrix Example 1.4

  4. Then, enter the array or matrix range, as shown in the screenshot.


    Inverse Matrix Example 1.5

  5. After entering the formula, we must press the Enter key in combination with the CTRL and SHIFT keys to convert the normal formula to an array formula to produce all elements of the inverse matrix at a time. The formula will be changed as {=MINVERSE (B2:C3)}


    Inverse Matrix Example 1.6

  6. The resultant inverse matrix is produced as:


    Inverse Matrix Example 1.7
    Here, we can observe that the size of the input matrix and the inverse matrix is the same as 2×2.

Example #2

Determining the inverse of a 3×3 square matrix in Excel

For this example, consider the following matrix A.

Inverse Matrix Example 2

Step 1: We must first insert matrix A into the Excel sheet, as shown in the figure below.

Inverse Matrix Example 2.1

The range of Matrix A is B2: D4.

Step 2: Select the range of cells to position the inverse matrix A-1 on the same sheet.

Inverse Matrix Example 2.2

Step 3: After selecting the required cells, enter the MINVERSE function formula into the formula bar. It needs to be ensured that the formula is entered while the cells are still selected.

Inverse Matrix Example 2.3

Step 4: Enter the range of the array or matrix, as shown in the screenshot.

Inverse Matrix Example 2.4

Step 5: After entering the formula, press the “ENTER” key in combination with the “CTRL” and “SHIFT” keys to convert the normal formula to an array formula to produce all elements of the inverse matrix at a time. The formula will be changed as: {=MINVERSE (B2: D4)}

Example 2.5

Step 6: The resultant inverse matrix is produced as:

Example 2.6

Here, we can observe that the size of the input matrix and the inverse matrix is the same as 3×3.

Example#3

Determining the inverse of the Identity matrix

Consider the 2×2 identity matrix for this example.

Step 1: Enter the Matrix I into the Excel sheet.

Example 3.1

Step 2: Select the range of cells to position the inverse Matrix I-1 on the same sheet.

Example 3.2

Step 3: After selecting the required cells, we must insert the MINVERSE function formula into the formula bar.

Example 3.3

Step 4: Enter the range of the array or matrix, as shown in the screenshot.

Example 3.4

Step 5: Press the ENTER key in combination with CTRL and SHIFTENTER Key In Combination With CTRL And SHIFTCtrl-Shift Enter In Excel is a shortcut command that facilitates implementing the array formula in the excel function to execute an intricate computation of the given data. Altogether it transforms a particular data into an array format in excel with multiple data values for this purpose.read more keys to convert the normal formula to an array formula. The formula will be changed as:  {=MINVERSE (B2:C3)}

Example 3.5

Step 6: The resultant inverse matrix is produced as:

Example 3.6

From this, it is observed that the inverse of an identity matrix and identity matrix are the same.

Things to Remember

Recommended Articles

This article is a guide to Excel Inverse Matrix. We discussed inverse Matrix in Excel using the MINVERSE() function with examples and a downloadable Excel template. You can learn more about Excel from the following articles: –