Risk Manager Definition
A risk manager takes care of financial risk management of an organization by proactively identifying and analyzing potential risks along with the development of preventive measures to either entirely remove or minimise these risks. Risk Management is a vital role in banks, non-banking financial institutions and other corporate houses. A risk manager is a qualified finance professional who specialises in dealing with credit, investment, market, and operational risks that organisations may face during their business.
Job Responsibility of Risk Manager
- Design methodology for the overall risk management process of the organisation
- Analysis of current risks practices for identification of potential risks that may affect company operations as well as its employees and other stakeholders
- Evaluation of existing risk mitigation measures and compare the potential risks against the company defined criteria.
- Determine the risk appetiteRisk AppetiteRisk appetite refers to the amount, rate, or percentage of risk that an individual or organization (as determined by the Board of Directors or management) is willing to accept in exchange for its plan, objectives, and innovation. of the organisation
- Preparation of risk budgetsRisk BudgetsRisk budgeting is a portfolio allocation strategy in which the portfolio's risk is distributed among the various asset classes to maximize the overall returns. The framework involves identifying and quantifying the uncertainty along with developing a plan for risk management.
- Customisation of the risk reporting to cater to the needs of the relevant audience
- Explanation of external risks posed by corporate governance to the stakeholders
- Creation of business continuity plans to contain the impact of the potential risks if they crystallise.
- Co-ordination with both internal and external auditors for conducting compliance and policy audits
- Appraisal of some of the new contracts or other internal business plans
- Build risk awareness among staff of the organisation through training.
How to Become a Risk Manager?
The candidates who are willing to start a career in risk management must have a college degree, relevant certifications, and related experience, as briefly discussed below:
#1 – Education
The minimum educational requirement to become a risk manager is a bachelor’s degree. However, advanced or master’s degrees, such as MBA, go the extra mile as recruiters typically prefer postgraduates to graduates, if available. There are various courses offered for risk management at both undergraduate and graduate levels, and some even provide risk management degrees.
#2 – Certification
There are several risk management certifications available that are pursued by aspiring candidates to stay ahead of the competition. Certifications can either act as a launching pad for the new entrants or catapult the career of the existing professionals in the field of risk management. However, some companies don’t seek such certifications.
#3 – Experience
Typically, companies prefer candidates with a background in management science or the development of predictive models. For instance, a securities firm looks for candidates who have experience in tracking market losses on securities held by the trading desks. As such, prior experience in the relevant field is always invaluable for a risk manager role.
Qualifications & Skills of Risk Manager
#1 – Qualifications
Some of the undergraduate courses available in the field of risk management are as follows:
- Business Administration in Risk Management and Insurance
- (Hons) in Finance, Investment, and Risk
- Risk Management and Insurance
- Bachelor in Finance and Credit
Some of the postgraduate courses available in the field of risk management are as follows:
- Risk Management and Insurance
- MBA in Risk Management
- Master’s Degree in Systemic Risk
- Cyber Risk Strategy and Governance
- Cyber Risk Management
Some of the recommended certification courses in the field of risk management include:
- Financial Risk Manager (FRM) offered by the Global Association of Risk Professionals (GARP)
- Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) offered by CFA Institute
- Certified Risk and Internal Control Professional (CRICP) offered by the Association of Internal Control Practitioners (AICP)
- Certificate in Operational Risk Management (CORM) offered by the Institute of Operational Risk (IOR)
#2 – Skills
A risk manager should possess the following essential skills to succeed in their career:
- Math Skills: They should have exceptional quantitative skills as risk management roles involve lots and lots of number crunching in a fast pace work environment.
- Organisational Skills: The ability to sort and organise things is vital as risk managers deal with a massive volume of information, documents, and data in a short period.
- Communication Skills: They are required to explain various concepts to individuals from varying backgrounds, and hence good communication skill is a must for risk managers.
- Writing Skills: Risk managers prepare reports day-in-day-out and so excellent writing skill is crucial for this role.
Typically, the risk managers always stay in demand as and when the economy grows as it increases the risk of identity theft and data breaches in all the industries. In the US, employment opportunities for risk managers are expected to grow from 697,900 in 2019 to 806,000 in 2029, at a significantly higher CAGR of 15%.
Salary of Risk Manager
Typically, the salary of a risk manager depends on various factors, such as educational qualification, relevant certification, and length of industry experience. As per the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median salary of risk managers in the US was $129,890 in May 2019, with the bottom 10% earning less than $68,370 while the top 10% was earning more than $208,000. Additionally, the salary of risk managers varies across industries, and the ones that offer salary more than the overall median include professional, scientific, and technical services ($152,810), management of companies and enterprises ($145,280), and manufacturing ($130,900).
This article has been a guide to What is Risk Manager & its Definition. Here we discuss how to become a risk manager along with their job responsibilities, qualifications, skills & salary. You can learn more about from the following articles –