Dove Economic Policy Advisor

Updated on January 25, 2024
Article byWallstreetmojo Team
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What Is A Dove Economic Policy Advisor?

Dove is a term used to describe an economic policy advisor who prefers quantitative easing by implementing expansionary monetary policies and lowering interest rates. They prioritize controlling the unemployment rate and promoting economic growth over lowering the inflation rate.

Dove

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Economists and politicians with a dovish economic perspective often consider short-term economic growth by recommending policy measures that boost consumer spending, borrowing, and investment. While they believe a certain level of inflation is tolerable, proponents of dove economics prescribe low interest rates for sustained economic growth. At the same time, they may raise concerns about economic instability if the interest rates remain low in the long run.

Key Takeaways

  • The term Dove describes an economic policy advisor who recommends quantitative easing measures, such as adopting an expansionary monetary policy and curtailing interest rates.
  • Doves bring economic growth and unemployment reduction into the spotlight. Economic measures for inflation control hold secondary importance.
  • Their primary goal is to boost consumer spending, borrowing, and investment for economic stimulation and job creation.
  • A dove is the opposite of a hawk, who believes in tightening the monetary policy to control inflation and promote economic stability. However, depending on economic conditions, an individual can shift from a dovish perspective to a hawkish one and vice versa.

Dove In Economics Explained

Dove, in economics, is a term commonly employed to describe an individual (economic policy advisor) who emphasizes implementing expansionary monetary policy measures, even if it means accepting higher inflation rates. The term is derived from the bird ‘Dove,’ symbolizing peace, cooperation, and harmony.

Politicians, economists, and journalists often suggest lowering interest rates to give consumers more disposable income. When consumers have more money to spend on goods and services, the overall economy receives a stimulus. Moreover, a more relaxed monetary policy can encourage borrowing and investment, accelerating economic activities further. Ultimately, it is expected to result in job creation.

Some economists oppose the dovish monetary policy approach, warning of hyperinflation as an adverse impact of implementing such measures for an extended period. A dove’s economic outlook often contradicts that of a hawk. Hawks tend to advocate a more assertive monetary policy, prioritizing price stability and inflation control above other financial or economic objectives.

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Characteristics

Since doves support expansionary monetary policies, they do not appreciate an economic approach or measure visualized by those who advocate tight policy decisions. Doves have the following traits:

  1. Primarily Focuses on Economic Growth: Doves prioritize those monetary policy measures that ensure economic growth and curb unemployment. They often aim to encourage borrowing, investment, and consumer spending to stimulate aggregate demand and enhance economic activity through expansionary monetary policy measures.
  2. Supports Expansionary Monetary Policy: They favor loose monetary policies, such as curtailing interest rates and boosting the money supply, to foster economic activities. They believe lower borrowing costs can incentivize investment and consumption, leading to higher output and employment levels.
  3. Accepts Inflation: They will tolerate higher inflation rates in the short term if it helps reduce unemployment and stimulate economic growth. They argue that a moderate level of inflation can benefit the economy by encouraging spending and discouraging excessive saving.
  4. Emphasizes Curtailing Unemployment: Doves advise reducing unemployment rates and consider it a critical objective of monetary policy. They argue that pursuing expansionary policies can create more job opportunities and check unemployment in the nation.
  5. Suggests Flexible Monetary Policy: They believe in maintaining flexibility across monetary policy decisions. They may be more open to adjusting policies frequently based on current economic conditions rather than strictly adhering to predetermined regulations.
  6. Considers Real Economic Indicators: Doves tend to emphasize actual economic indicators, such as GDP growth, employment levels, and wage rates when assessing the state of the economy. They believe these indicators provide a more accurate picture of economic conditions and prompt appropriate policy responses.

Examples

Listed below are some examples that simplify the concept further.

Example #1

Suppose an economic policy advisor to a nation’s central bank suggests lowering short-term interest rates to encourage consumer borrowings, even when the inflation rate is 4.2%. This mindset is considered dovish in economics, and such an advisor is called a dove—a supporter of dove economics.

Example #2

Ben Bernanke, the former Fed chair (2006-2014), was a dove who believed in easing the monetary policy to stimulate economic growth. However, his measures created asset bubbles and raised inflation rates across the US.

Dove vs Hawk

In economics, Dove and Hawk describe two kinds of economic policy advisors with contrasting financial perspectives and beliefs. Their mindset and suggestions differ in the following ways:

BasisDoveHawk
MeaningDoves favor accommodative monetary policy, which boosts economic growth and reduces unemployment.Hawks tend to emphasize a tighter monetary policy, which controls inflation and maintains price stability.
PrioritizeThey prioritize economic growth and unemployment reduction over inflation control.They prefer price stability and a low inflation rate over economic expansion. 
Monetary PolicyThey support expansionary monetary policies. They believe in contractionary monetary policies. 
Fiscal MeasuresThey support fiscal loosening measures, such as government spending or tax cuts, to stimulate economic activity during downturns.They want fiscal discipline and advocate for measures to reduce government spending and budget deficits to maintain economic stability.
Interest RatesIn dove economics, lower interest rates encourage borrowing and investment, prompting consumer spending and business activity.This involves raising interest rates to curb borrowing and consumer spending, which can help mitigate inflationary pressures and control price levels.
UnemploymentTheir approach checks unemployment and suggests measures for job creation to boost employment rates.Their approach tends to overlook unemployment. 
InflationTheir strategy leads to inflation due to rising commodity prices and wages—a threat to economic stability. Support central bank policies that explicitly target low and stable inflation rates.
Economic GrowthThey focus on short-term economic growth.Hawks focus on long-term economic stability.
Currency ValueDoves overlook the impact on currency value in the forex market, which weakens due to the excessive money supply.Hawks emphasize maintaining and strengthening the currency value. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Is the Dovish economic view good or bad?

A dovish economic perspective is acceptable for short-term economic growth when the inflation rate is favorable, but the unemployment level is high. However, low-interest rates over an extended period raise the risk of high inflation and economic instability. Therefore, such expansionary monetary policy measures should only be implemented in the short term.

2. What is hawkish vs. dovish in currency?

The hawks believe in curtailing the money supply and currency circulation in the economy to appraise the currency value in the forex market. On the other hand, the doves prefer to raise the money supply and currency circulation in the economy, which makes the currency weak in the forex market.

3. Can a hawk turn into a dove and vice versa?

Doves and hawks are individuals with contradictory opinions and economic outlooks. However, there are instances where a hawk turns into a dove. Alan Greenspan (Fed chairman – 1987-2006) had a hawkish stance in 1987 when he was placed as Fed chair, but later he became dovish. Economists may change their approach and ideology per the needs of an economy.

This article has been a guide to What Is Dove. We explain the topic with its characteristics with examples and a comparison with hawk. You may also find some useful articles here –

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