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EBITDA vs Operating Income Differences
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, & amortization (EBITDA) are often used to find the profitability of the company. EBITDA is an indicator used for giving comparative analysis for various companies. It is one of the major financial tools used for evaluating firms with different sizes, structures, taxes, and depreciation.
- EBITDA = EBIT + Depreciation + Amortization. Or
- EBITDA = Net profit + Interest + Taxes + Depreciation + Amortization
Amortization is the financial technique used to incrementally reduce the value of intangible assets of a company.
Operating income is often used to find out how much of the revenue of the company can be converted into profit. Operating income is a term which is used to calculate the amount of profit gained by the operations of a company. It can be computed by deducting overall expenses from gross income.
- Operating income = Gross income – Operating expenses
- Gross income = Net Sales – Cost of goods sold
Operating Income vs EBITDA are slightly different than each other. Yes, Operating Income vs EBITDA are indicate the profit made by the company. EBITDA shows the profit including interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization. But operating income tells the profit after taking out the operating expenses like depreciation and amortization.
EBITDA vs Operating Income Infographics
Here are the top 5 differences between Operating Income vs EBITDA
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EBITDA vs Operating Income Key Differences
Here are the key difference between EBITDA and Operating Income
- The first difference between operating income vs EBITDA is the usage of interest and taxes. EBITDA is an indicator which calculates the income of the company before paying the expenses, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. On the other hand, operating income is an indicator which calculates the profit of the company after paying the operating expenses. It doesn’t include interest and taxes.
- EBITDA is used to find out the total earning the potential of a company. Operating income finds out the revenue generated by the company that can be converted into profit.
- EBITDA is not an official measure under GAAP. Hence companies use this to project the earning capacity of the company to a maximum level. Whereas, operating income is an official measure under GAAP and the companies can’t make any adjustments in it.
- EBITDA is popular because it can be used in companies of different sizes, structures, taxes, and interests. EBITDA can also be used to analyze and compare between companies. Operating income, on the other hand, is the income that is considered as the income from operations. The basic difference between the operating income and the net income is the element of income from other sources.
- EBITDA can be measured by adding depreciation and amortization to EBIT. It can also be calculated by adding interests, taxes, depreciation and amortization to net profit. Operating income, on the other hand, is calculated by subtracting operating expenses from the gross income.
So, what are the main difference between EBITDA and Operating Income?
EBITDA vs Operating Income Head to Head Differences
Let’s have a look at the head to head difference between EBITDA vs Operating income –
Basis for comparison between EBITDA vs Operating Income
EBITDA is an indicator used for calculating the profit-making ability of the company.
Operating income is an indicator which is used to ascertain the amount of profit generated by the company’s operating activities.
To calculate the earning potential of an organization.
To ascertain how much revenue can be transmuted into profit.
EBITDA = EBIT + Depreciation + Amortization.
EBITDA = Net Profit + Interest + Taxes + Depreciation + Amortization
Operating income = Net Sales – Cost of Goods Sold – Operating Expenses
EBITDA is not an official GAAP measure.
Operating income is an official GAAP measure.
Adjustments are done in elements like depreciation and amortization by the company which is part of EBITDA.
Not, as such.
EBITDA vs Operating Income – Final Thoughts
EBITDA vs Operating Income indicators are used to find the profit-making ability of the company. EBITDA looks for income generating the capacity of the company. Operating income looks out for the income that can be changed into profit.
As an investor, you need to consider Operating Income vs EBITDA while making a decision. However, only these two indicators aren’t enough to make a sound judgment about the financial health of a company. You need to look at other ratios also to understand how the company is run. Looking at all other ratios will help you understand the holistic view of the company so that you can take a prudent decision about the investment.
This has a been a guide to the top differences between EBITDA vs Operating Income. Here we also discuss the Operating Income vs EBITDA key differences with infographics, and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –