EBIT vs Operating Income

Differences Between EBIT and Operating Income

The key difference between EBIT and Operating Income is that ebit refers to earnings of the business which is earned during the period without considering the interest expense and the tax expense of that period, whereas, operating income refers to the income earned by a business organization during the period under consideration from its principal revenue-generating activities and does not consider non-operating income and non-operating expenses.

EBIT-vs-Operating-Income

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For eg:
Source: EBIT vs Operating Income (wallstreetmojo.com)

EBIT stands for Earnings before interests and taxes. It is synonymous with operating profit as it doesn’t take into consideration the taxes and interest expenses. EBIT is an indicator used for calculating a company’s profitability, and we can measure it by reducing the operating expenses from revenue.

We can describe Operating income as an amount that can convert into profit.

People tend to believe that EBIT and operating incomes are the same. But the significant difference between them is EBIT also includes non-operating income that the company generates. But in case of operating income, only the income from operations is taken into account.

EBIT vs Operating Income Infographics

EBIT-vs-Operating-Income

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For eg:
Source: EBIT vs Operating Income (wallstreetmojo.com)

Key Differences

  • One of the key differences between EBIT and Operating Income is non-operating income. EBIT also includes the non-operating income that the company generates along with the income from the company’s operation. But operating income only includes the income flowing through company operations in its statement.
  • EBIT is used as an indicator to find out the total profit-making capability of a company. Hence, if a company or investor wants to know about the profit a company is making, EBIT can be used. On the other hand, operating income is used to find out how much of the company’s revenue can be converted into profit.
  • EBIT is not an official measure, according to GAAP. Hence companies use this to make small changes to it and try to incorporate a few other things so that they can use this statement for their purposes. Whereas operating income is an official measure of GAAP, and hence it is accurately shown, and the companies don’t tinker with it.
  • With EBIT, we can make few adjustments for the factors that are not accounted for to get a broader picture. Operating income is very different in this aspect, as we cannot make any adjustments so that it can strictly adhere to the guidelines proposed. 
  • EBIT can be measured by reducing the operating expenses from revenue or by adding interests and taxes to net income. Operating income, on the other hand, is calculated by subtracting overall expenses from gross income.

So, what are the significant differences between EBIT and operating income? Let’s have a look at the head to head differences between the operating income and EBIT.

Comparative Table

Basis for comparisonEBITOperating Income
DefinitionEBIT is an indicator used for calculating a company’s profitabilityCalculating A Company's ProfitabilityProfit Margin is a metric that the management, financial analysts, & investors use to measure the profitability of a business relative to its sales. It is determined as the ratio of Generated Profit Amount to the Generated Revenue Amount. read more.Operating Income is a term used to calculate the amount of profit gained by a company’s operations.
UsageTo calculate the profit-making ability of the company.To calculate how much revenue can be converted into profit.
CalculationEBIT = Revenue – Operating Expenses

Or

EBITEBITEarnings before interest and tax (EBIT) refers to the company's operating profit that is acquired after deducting all the expenses except the interest and tax expenses from the revenue. It denotes the organization's profit from business operations while excluding all taxes and costs of capital.read more = Net Income + Interest + Taxes

Operating Income = GrossIncome = GrossThe difference between revenue and cost of goods sold is gross income, which is a profit margin made by a corporation from its operating activities. It is the amount of money an entity makes before paying non-operating expenses like interest, rent, and electricity.read more Income – Operating Expenses
RecognitionEBIT is not an official GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting PrinciplesGenerally Accepted Accounting PrinciplesGenerally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) are the minimum standards and uniform guidelines for the accounting and reporting. These standards prohibit firms from engaging in unethical business activities and enable for a more accurate comparison of financial reports to investors.read more) measure.Operating income is considered as an official GAAP measure.
AdjustmentsEBIT requires some adjustments to be made to the items that are not accounted for.No such adjustments are being made.

Conclusion

When we look at both these terms, they are almost the same in most cases. The differences are minimal as only a few adjustments are being made in EBIT while no changes are being made in operating income. So, there is very little chance of any vast difference when we compare them both.

So, companies and investors don’t care much when operating income and EBIT is used these financial statementsThese Financial StatementsFinancial statements are written reports prepared by a company's management to present the company's financial affairs over a given period (quarter, six monthly or yearly). These statements, which include the Balance Sheet, Income Statement, Cash Flows, and Shareholders Equity Statement, must be prepared in accordance with prescribed and standardized accounting standards to ensure uniformity in reporting at all levels.read more to analyze because choosing either one over the other will not be of much difference. If it has to be differentiated for any official use or official reporting, then one is officially recognized (operating Income) while the other (EBIT) is not.

EBIT vs. Operating Income Video

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