EBITDA vs Net Income

The key difference between EBITDA and Net Income is that EBITDA refers to earnings of the business which is earned during the period without considering the interest expense, tax expense, depreciation expense and amortization expenses, whereas, Net Income refers to earnings of the business which is earned during the period after considering all the expenses incurred by the company.

Difference Between EBITDA and Net Income

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, & amortization (EBITDA) is a method that is often used to find the profitability of companies and industries. It is very similar to net income with a few extra non-operating income additions. EBITDA is an indicator used for conducting comparative analysis for various companies.

EBITDA vs Net Income

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It is one of the major financial tools used for evaluating firms with different sizes, structures, taxes, and depreciation.

  • EBITDA = EBIT + Depreciation + Amortization or
  • EBITDA = Net Profit + Taxes + Interest + Depreciation + Amortization

To simply put, depreciation is the reduction in the value of tangible assets over time that results in wear and tear of the tangible assets.

AmortizationAmortizationAmortization of Intangible Assets refers to the method by which the cost of the company's various intangible assets (such as trademarks, goodwill, and patents) is expensed over a specific time period. This time frame is typically the expected life of the asset.read more is the financial technique used to incrementally reduce the value of intangible assets of a company.

Net income is often used to find out the total earnings or profit of a company. It can be calculated by subtracting the cost of doing business for the company’s revenue.

  • Net income = Revenue – Cost of doing business

Cost of doing business includes all the taxes, the interest that the company should pay, the depreciation of assets and other expensesOther ExpensesOther expenses comprise all the non-operating costs incurred for the supporting business operations. Such payments like rent, insurance and taxes have no direct connection with the mainstream business activities.read more. So, net income is a company’s income after taking all the deductions and taxes into account.

EBITDA is somewhat similar to net income as both of their values are subject to change because some of the elements involved in their calculation might be subjected to manipulation by the companies.

EBITDA vs Net Income Infographics

EBITDA-vs-Net-Income

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Source: EBITDA vs Net Income (wallstreetmojo.com)

Key Differences Between EBITDA and Net Income

Here are the key differences between them.

  • One of the key differences is the usage of depreciation and amortization. EBITDA is an indicator that calculates the profit of the company before paying the expenses, taxes, depreciation, and amortization. On the other hand, net income is an indicator that calculates the total earnings of the company after paying the expenses, taxes, depreciation, and amortization.
  • EBITDA is used as an indicator to find out the total earning the potential of a company. On the other hand, net income is used to find out the earnings per share of the company.
  • EBITDA can be measured by adding depreciation and amortization to EBIT or by adding interests, taxes, depreciation and amortization to net profit. Net income, on the other hand, is calculated by subtracting revenue from the overall cost of doing the business.
  • With EBITDA is basically used for start-up companies to see how they are performing. Net income, on the other hand, is used pervasively in all circumstances to understand the financial health of a company.
  • EBITDA is used to find out the earning potential of the company. That’s why when investors look at a new company, they calculate EBITDA. EBITDA is also pretty easy to use since there’s no depreciation and amortization involved. On the other hand, net income is used to find out the earnings per share if the company has issued any shares. Just by dividing the net income by the number of outstanding sharesOutstanding SharesOutstanding shares are the stocks available with the company's shareholders at a given point of time after excluding the shares that the entity had repurchased. It is shown as a part of the owner's equity in the liability side of the company's balance sheet.read more, we can get the EPS.

Comparative Table

Basis for Comparison

EBITDA

Net income

Definition

EBITDA is an indicator used for calculating a company’s profit-making ability.

Net income is an indicator which is used to calculate company’s total earnings.

Used

To calculate the earning potential of the company.

To calculate earnings per share (EPS).

Calculation

EBITDA = EBIT + Depreciation + Amortization

Or

EBITDA = Net Profit + Taxes + Interest + Depreciation + Amortization

Net income = Revenue – Cost of doing business

Result

Calculation of income generated by the company without deducting any expenses like interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization.

Calculation of total earnings of the company after reducing all the expenses.

Conclusion

When we look at these terms, they are both indicators that can be adjusted by the companies. But still, the investors look into both of these indicators for making trading decisions so that they can get an idea about the big picture of the company.

Since these two are calculated by using the income statementIncome StatementThe income statement is one of the company's financial reports that summarizes all of the company's revenues and expenses over time in order to determine the company's profit or loss and measure its business activity over time based on user requirements.read more, the investors should use other ratios as well to cross-check how a company is doing. One or two indicators can provide enough information, but to take the decision to invest in a company based on that isn’t prudent. That’s why investors should use ROICROICReturn on Invested Capital (ROIC) is a profitability ratio that shows how a company uses its invested capital, such as equity and debt, to generate profit. The reason this ratio is so crucial for investors before making an investment is that it helps them decide which firm to invest in.read more, ROEROEReturn on Equity (ROE) represents financial performance of a company. It is calculated as the net income divided by the shareholders equity. ROE signifies the efficiency in which the company is using assets to make profit.read more, Net Profit MarginNet Profit MarginNet profit margin is the percentage of net income a company derives from its net sales. It indicates the organization's overall profitability after incurring its interest and tax expenses.read more, Gross Profit MarginGross Profit MarginGross Profit Margin is the ratio that calculates the profitability of the company after deducting the direct cost of goods sold from the revenue and is expressed as a percentage of sales. It doesn’t include any other expenses into account except the cost of goods sold.read more, etc.

Along with that they should also look at other financial statements like the balance sheetBalance SheetA balance sheet is one of the financial statements of a company that presents the shareholders' equity, liabilities, and assets of the company at a specific point in time. It is based on the accounting equation that states that the sum of the total liabilities and the owner's capital equals the total assets of the company.read more and the cash flow statement.

EBITDA vs Net Income Video

This has been a guide to EBITDA vs Net Income. Here we discuss the top differences between net income and EBITDA along with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –

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