LTM EBITDA (Last Twelve Months EBITDA) is a calculation of earnings of the company before netting interest, taxes, and depreciation & amortization components for the past twelve consecutive months.

LTM Ebitda

Please note that LTM EBITDA is also known as TTM EBITDA (Trailing Twelve Months)

LTM EBITDA Calculation

Let us have a look at the following income statement of company ABC.

Ebitda Calculation

Let us first calculate the EBITDA during the calendar year

  • = EBITDA (Q1 2017) + EBITDA (Q2 2017) +EBITDA (Q3 2017) +EBITDA (Q4 2017)
  • = $123 + $154 + $192 + $240 = $708

LTM Ebitda Calculation

Now that we have calculated calendar EBITDA, let us calculate the last twelve months EBITDA (assuming that you are calculating LTM EBITDA in the month of April 2018)

  • LTM EBITDA = EBITDA (Q1 2018) + EBITDA (Q4 2017) +EBITDA (Q3 2017) +EBITDA (Q2 2017)
  • TTM EBITDA = $300 + $240 + $192 + $154 = $886


  • TTM EBITDA is used in Mergers and Acquisitions. The potential buyers prefer to value the acquisition price of Target Company based on TTM EBITDA. It helps them to determine the actual operating performance of the company without taking effects of its financial and investment decisions.
  • LTM EBITDA gives an idea about the pure operating results of any young company. It also tells about the effect of synergy in operating performances of any restructured company.
  • Investors make use of EBITDA while calculating various valuation ratios, and they compare it with other potential Target Companies. However, the purchase of Target Company may be made at any point in time, and using previous year-end EBITDA to calculate financial ratios may signify incorrect valuation results to the investors. Hence, it is the most appropriate practice among the technicians to calculate LTM EBITDA by taking the financial history of the last twelve months only and compute the valuation ratios.

TTM EBITDA in Ratio Analysis

1) TTM EBITDA Margin

LTM EBITDA MarginEBITDA MarginEBITDA Margin is an operating profitability ratio that helps all stakeholders of the company get a clear picture of the company's operating profitability and cash flow position. It is calculated by dividing the company's earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization (EBITDA) by its net revenue. EBITDA Margin = EBITDA / Net Salesread more refers to how much operating cash a company can generate against its total revenue in the last twelve months? This is one of the crucial Profitability RatiosProfitability RatiosProfitability ratios help in evaluating the ability of a company to generate income against the expenses. These ratios represent the financial viability of the company in various more which is calculated as

TTM EBITDA Margin = TTM EBITDA / Total TTM RevenueTTM RevenueLTM revenue, which stands for Last Twelve Months revenue (also known as TTM – trailing twelve months revenue), is the company's total revenue in the twelve months before the date of measurement; this helps in the company's valuation during a particular more.

2) TTM EBITDA Coverage

TTM EBITDA Coverage Ratio is a kind of Solvency Ratio that defines how much cash a company has generated in the last twelve months period from its operating activitiesOperating ActivitiesOperating activities generate the majority of the company's cash flows since they are directly linked to the company's core business activities such as sales, distribution, and more to cover its financial obligations, i.e., interest and lease expenses. It can be calculated as

LTM EBITDA Coverage Ratio = TTM EBITDA + LTM Lease Expenses / LTM Interest Expenses + LTM Principle Repayment + LTM Lease Expenses

These are the key financial ratiosKey Financial RatiosFinancial ratios are indications of a company's financial performance. There are several forms of financial ratios that indicate the company's results, financial risks, and operational efficiency, such as the liquidity ratio, asset turnover ratio, operating profitability ratios, business risk ratios, financial risk ratio, stability ratios, and so more from the point of view of investors, and they can calculate the same for (NTM) next twelve months period to have better clarity about the company. LTM EBITDA is also used as a denominator in the valuation of Target Company, i.e., Enterprise Value / LTM EBITDAEnterprise Value / LTM EBITDAEV to EBITDA is the ratio between enterprise value and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization that helps the investor in the valuation of the company at a very subtle level by allowing the investor to compare a specific company to the peer company in the industry as a whole, or other comparative more.


LTM EBITDA simply helps us understand the company’s core operating cash flow and how good the company is in managing their operating decisions. However, many companies use this metric for windows dressing their accounting statements. So it is always better to consider debt-capital structure, capital expenditureCapital ExpenditureCapex or Capital Expenditure is the expense of the company's total purchases of assets during a given period determined by adding the net increase in factory, property, equipment, and depreciation expense during a fiscal more, and net income of the company while considering TTM EBITDA as a sole valuation metric.


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