Criteria based functions are the rulers of excel in calculations. At the beginning of the learning of excel, we must have learned COUTNIF function in excel. In our earlier articles, we have shown you how to work with COUNTIF function in Excel VBA.
Refer our article on COUNTIF Formula in Excel to know the basics of COUNTIF function in Excel VBA. In this article, we will show you how to use the same function in VBA coding. Now we will see the same formula in VBA. First thing first COUNTIF is not a VBA function rather it is a worksheet function which can be accessed under worksheet function class.
Example of Excel VBA Countif Function
Ok, let’s see the simple example.
Look at the below same example of counting values from the lot.
In the above image, we have city names from cell A1 to A10. In cell C3 we need to count how many times the city name “Bangalore” appearing in the range A1 to A10.
Ok, follow below steps to write the code to apply COUNTIF function.
Step 1: Start the Sub procedure.
Option Explicit Sub Countif_Example1() End Sub
Step 2: Since we need to store the result in cell C3 start the code as Range(“C3”).Value.
Sub Countif_Example1() Range("C3").Value = End Sub
Step 3: In cell C3 by applying excel VBA COUNTIF function we are trying to arrive the result. So to access the function we need to first use Worksheet Function class.
Sub Countif_Example1() Range("C3").Value = WorksheetFunction. End Sub
Step 4: From the lost select excel VBA COUNTIF function.
Sub Countif_Example1() Range("C3").Value = WorksheetFunction.CountIf( End Sub
Step 5: If you look at the parameters of VBA COUNTIF function we don’t see the parameter as we see in the worksheet.
As we can see in the above image in worksheet we have clear syntax but in VBA we can see only Arg 1 & Arg 2.
Arg 1 is Range, so select the range as A1 to A10.
Sub Countif_Example1() Range("C3").Value = WorksheetFunction.CountIf(Range("A1:A10"), End Sub
Step 6: Arg 2 is what is the value we need to count from the range A1 to A10. In this example, we need to count “Bangalore”.
Sub Countif_Example1() Range("C3").Value = WorksheetFunction.CountIf(Range("A1:A10"), "Bangalore") End Sub
Ok, we are done.
Run the code to see the result in cell C3.
We got the result as 4. Since the city name “Bangalore” appearing in cell A1, A4, A7, and A10 VBA COUNTIF function returned the result as 4.
If you can see VBA code has returned only the result of the formula, we don’t get to see the formula in the formula bar.
To arrive the formula we need to write the code slightly differently. Below is the code for you to apply the formula itself to the cell.
Sub Countif_Example1() Range("C3").Formula = "=CountIf(A1:A10, ""Bangalore"")" End Sub
This will apply the formula to the cell C3.
Arrive Result with Variables
Variables are an integral part of any coding language. We need to declare variables to work efficiently with the VBA code. For an example look at the below code.
Sub Countif_Example2() Dim ValuesRange As Range Dim ResultCell As Range Dim CriteriaValue As String Set ValuesRange = Range("A1:A10") Set ResultCell = Range("C3") CriteriaValue = "Bangalore" ResultCell = WorksheetFunction.CountIf(ValuesRange, CriteriaValue) End Sub
Let me decode the code for you to understand better.
Firstly I have declared the two variables as Range.
Dim ValuesRange As Range: This is to reference the list of values.
Dim ResultCell As Range: This to reference the result cell.
Then I have set the range of references to both the variables.
Set ValuesRange = Range(“A1:A10”): This is the range where all the city names are there.
Set ResultCell = Range(“C3”): In this cell, we will store the result of the COUNTIF function.
In the mean time, I have declared one more variable to store the criteria value.
Dim CriteriaValue As String
CriteriaValue = “Bangalore”
So now the variable “CriteteriaValue” holds the value “Bangalore”.
In the next line, as usual, I have applied the COUTNIF function.
ResultCell = WorksheetFunction.CountIf(ValuesRange, CriteriaValue)
Like this, we can apply the COUNTIF function in Excel VBA to fit our needs.
This has been a guide to VBA COUNTIF. Here we look at the working of COUNTIF Function in Excel VBA along with practical examples and downloadable excel template. Below are some useful articles related to VBA –