Excel VBA LOOKUP Function

Lookup is the function which helps us to fetch the data from the main table based on a single lookup value. VBA LOOKUP function doesn’t require data structure like that, for LOOKUP function it doesn’t matter whether the result column is to the right or left of the lookup value, still, it can fetch the data comfortably.

This works similarly to the VLOOKUP function, but more importantly, this is flexible in a data structure. When we say flexible in the data structure, it means VLOOKUPVLOOKUPThe VLOOKUP excel function searches for a particular value and returns a corresponding match based on a unique identifier. A unique identifier is uniquely associated with all the records of the database. For instance, employee ID, student roll number, customer contact number, seller email address, etc., are unique identifiers. read more needs all the values to the right of a lookup value in the main table, and anything left to the lookup value VLOOKUP cannot find it.


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For eg:
Source: VBA LOOKUP (wallstreetmojo.com)


If you already searched for the LOOKUP formula in VBA editorVBA EditorThe Visual Basic for Applications Editor is a scripting interface. These scripts are primarily responsible for the creation and execution of macros in Microsoft software.read more, I am sure you have gone mad because there is a formula called LOOKUP in VBA.

The reason why it is not available by default because LOOKUP is not a VBA functionVBA FunctionVBA functions serve the primary purpose to carry out specific calculations and to return a value. Therefore, in VBA, we use syntax to specify the parameters and data type while defining the function. Such functions are called user-defined functions.read more rather, it is a worksheet function. So to use the LOOKUP function, we need to first make use of the worksheet function in VBAWorksheet Function In VBAThe worksheet function in VBA is used when we need to refer to a specific worksheet. When we create a module, the code runs in the currently active sheet of the workbook, but we can use the worksheet function to run the code in a particular worksheet.read more class.

VBA Lookup Syntax
  • Arg 1 means lookup value
  • Arg 2 is our lookup vector, i.e., range of our lookup value column
  • Arg 3 is our result vector.

How to Use VBA Lookup Function? (Examples)

You can download this VBA Lookup Excel Template here – VBA Lookup Excel Template

Example #1

We have the following data from which we want to get the Avg Price of a particular product name using the Lookup function in VBA Excel.

VBA Lookup Example 1.1

To get the Avg Price of Mobile Accessories to use the following code.

Step 1: Start the subprocedure in VBASubprocedure In VBASUB in VBA is a procedure which contains all the code which automatically gives the statement of end sub and the middle portion is used for coding. Sub statement can be both public and private and the name of the subprocedure is mandatory in VBA.read more.


Sub Lookup_Example1()

End Sub
VBA Lookup Example 1.2

Step 2: I need the result in the F3 cell. So my code is Range(“F3”).Value =.


Sub Lookup_Example1()


End Sub
VBA Lookup Example 1.3

Step 3: As I told, we could not straight away access the LOOKUP function. So first, use the Worksheet Function class.

VBA Lookup Example 1.4

Step 4: The moment we apply the Worksheet Function class, we can see all the available formulas with this class in VBA, so select LOOKUP from this list.

Example 1.5

Step 5: With worksheet functions in VBA, we don’t see clear arguments of the formula. Here Arg 1 means lookup value. Our lookup value is in the cell E3, so write the code as Range(“E3”).Value.


Sub Lookup_Example1()

Range("F3").Value = WorksheetFunction.Lookup(Range("E3").Value

End Sub
Example 1.6

Step 6: Arg 2 is our lookup vector, i.e., the range of our lookup value column. In this example, our lookup vector range is from B3 to B10.


Sub Lookup_Example1()

Range("F3").Value = WorksheetFunction.Lookup(Range("E3").Value,Range("B3:B10"),

End Sub
Example 1.7

Step 7: Arg 3 is our result vector. We need the result from the Avg Price column, so the result vector is from Range C3 to C10.


Sub Lookup_Example1()

Range("F3").Value = WorksheetFunction.Lookup(Range("E3").Value, Range("B3:B10"), Range("C3:C10"))

End Sub
Example 1.8

Ok, we are done with the VBA codingVBA CodingVBA code refers to a set of instructions written by the user in the Visual Basic Applications programming language on a Visual Basic Editor (VBE) to perform a specific task.read more.

Let’s run the code, and we should get the result in cell F3.

Lookup - Output 1

Like this, we can use the LOOKUP function under the worksheet function class to fetch the data of the supplied lookup value.

Example #2

Use Variables for LOOKUP Function

Using variables also we can arrive results. Below is the example code of lookup function with variables.


Sub Lookup_Example2()

    Dim ResultCell As Range
    Dim LookupValueCell As Range
    Dim LookupVector As Range
    Dim ResultVector As Range

    Set ResultCell = Range("F3")
    Set LookupValueCell = Range("E3")
    Set LookupVector = Range("B3:B10")
    Set ResultVector = Range("C3:C10")

ResultCell = WorksheetFunction.Lookup(LookupValueCell, LookupVector, ResultVector)

End Sub
Example 2.1

Even though it looks lengthy, it will give good exposure to variables in VBA. Instead of supplying all the values to the formula directly, we have declared variables and assigned set of ranges and values to them.

Lookup - Output 2

Declaring variables and setting the reference to those variables is always a good practice in any coding language.

Things to Remember

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to VBA Lookup. Here we discuss how to use the VBA lookup function along with examples and a downloadable excel template. You can learn more about VBA from the following articles –

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