Excel VBA INT (Integer) Function
VBA INT is an inbuilt function which is used to give us only the integer part of a number provided us an input, this function is used in those data whose decimal part is not so much affecting the data so to ease the calculations or analysis we use INT function to get only the integer values.
This function is available with the worksheet as well as in VBA. Integer function rounds a specific number down to the nearest integer number.
VBA Int function can be used in Sub Procedure and Function Procedure. Now take a look at the syntax of the INT function in VBA.
It has only one argument to supply i.e., Number.
- The number is the number we are trying to convert to INTEGER number. When the number is supplied, the INT function rounds down it to the nearest integer.
For example, if the supplied number is 68.54, then the Excel VBA Int function rounds down to 68, which is towards zero. If the supplied number is -68.54, then the INT function rounded the number to 69, which is away from zero.
How to use VBA INT Function?
Now, look at the simple example of the “INT” function in VBA. Let’s perform the task of round down the number 84.55 to the nearest integer number.
Step 1: Start the subprocedure.
Step 2: Declare the variable as Integer.
Sub INT_Example1() Dim K As Integer End Sub
Step 3: Now assign the formula to the variable “k” by applying the INT function.
Sub INT_Example1() Dim K As Integer K = Int( End Sub
Step 4: Supply the number as 84.55.
Note: Since it is a numerical number, we need not supply with double-quotes.
Sub INT_Example1() Dim K As Integer K = Int(84.55) End Sub
Step 5: Now passing the result of the variable in the VBA message boxVariable In The VBA Message BoxVBA MsgBox function is an output function which displays the generalized message provided by the developer. This statement has no arguments and the personalized messages in this function are written under the double quotes while for the values the variable reference is provided..
Sub INT_Example1() Dim K As Integer K = Int(84.55) MsgBox K End Sub
Ok, let’s run the code and see what happens.
So, the result is 84, and it is rounded down to the nearest integer value.
Now with the same number with the negative sign, we will try to convert to the nearest integer value. Below is the code with a negative sign.
Sub INT_Example2() Dim k As Integer k = Int(-84.55) 'Negative number with INT function MsgBox k End Sub
When I run this code, it has rounded the number to -85.
Example #3 – Extract Date Portion from Date & Time
Few times in my career, I have encountered the scenario of extracting the date & time separately from the combination of Date & Time.
For example, look at the below data of Date & Time.
How do you extract Date Portion and Time?
First, we need to Extract the Date portion. For this, let’s apply the INT function. The below code will extract the DATE portion from the above data.
Sub INT_Example2() Dim k As Integer For k = 2 To 12 Cells(k, 2).Value = Int(Cells(k, 1).Value) 'This will extract date to the second column Cells(k, 3).Value = Cells(k, 1).Value - Cells(k, 2).Value 'This will extract time to the third column Next k End Sub
Run this code. You might get the result like the below (if the formatting is not applied).
In the date column, apply the formatting as “DD-MMM-YYYY” and for the time column, apply the date format in excelDate Format In ExcelThe date format in Excel can be changed either from the “number format” of the Home tab or the “format cells” option of the context menu. as “HH:MM: SS AM/PM”
This has been a guide to VBA INT Function. Here we learn how to use VBA INT Function along with practical examples and a downloadable excel template. Below are some useful excel articles related to VBA –