The article is going to cover the following topics:
- About the ACA Exam
- ACA Exam Completion Criteria
- Why Pursue ACA Qualification?
- ACA Exam Format
- Work Experience Requirement
- Key Highlights about the Exam Format
- ACA Exam Topics Breakdown
- ACA Examination Fees
- ACA Results and Passing Rates
- ACA Study Resources
- ACA Exam Strategy
Before you read on what the ACA course is all about, let us answer the question of your curious mind, Why ACA is one of the most sought after certifications for Accounting Professionals?
- The ACA qualification is valued by corporates world over. The course enjoys the reputation of seeking the best talent and turning them into highly technical and accounting updated professionals.
- The ACA examination rigorously trains the students to be prepared for the situations in the real-world environment. They are taught to be technically sound with detailed information about the in and out of the finance industry.
- The course format and exam structure are extremely student-friendly ensuring the best possible way for studying as well as ensuring their work commitments are not hampered.
The core information about the ACA exam is as follows:
About the ACA Exam
The ACA or the Associate Chartered Accountant Program is a premier course designed by the Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW). The ACA is considered to be the most reputed exam to achieve the Chartered Accountant designation. This course is noted for its difficulty level as well as the diverse areas of opportunities it opens up for the partaking candidates in the field of accountancy. ICAEW is the largest body of qualified accountants and ACA is their sole focus of education, ensuring that the syllabus is regularly checked keeping to the demands of the industry needs.
Roles: An ACA cleared candidate is open to mainly work in these four sectors: public practice, business, financial services, and charity. The candidate is allowed to offer services under the designation of Chartered Accountant (ACA) or the Fellow Chartered Accountant (FCA) depending on their experience and membership with the ICAEW. An ACA qualified has the excellent opportunity to rise to the position of financial directors or becoming partners very early in their career. The other roles open for them are business analyst, practice partner, finance director, CEO or even running their own business.
Exam: The ACA examination has three levels with 15 modules and exams. The three levels are Certificate Level, Professional Level, and Advanced Level. Candidates are eligible for an exemption due to prior study in the Certificate and Professional Levels.
Exam Dates: The ACA exam for the Professional Level is held during March, June, September, and December while the Advanced Level is held in July and November.
The Deal: Rewarding careers after you successfully clear the examination.
Eligibility: The minimum educational requirements needed to be eligible for the ACA program are:
- A recognized graduate degree from any of the recognized accredited Universities
- Education that is equivalent to high school
- Certificate in Finance, Accounting, and Business (ICAEW)
- Member of AAT
- Student of AAT who has achieved NVQ Level 3 Intermediate Stage
- Member of ACCA, CIMA or CIPFA
- Student of ACCA, CIMA, CIPFA, CAI or ICAS who has sat and passed all papers of every examination stage of the body concerned, up to and including the following examinations, ACCA Advanced Diploma in Accounting and Business, CIMA Certificate in Business Accounting, CIPFA Professional Certificate, CAI Proficiency II, ICAS Test of Competence, Pass in a recognized Accountancy Foundation Course
ACA Qualification Completion Criteria
The criteria to complete the program has four essential elements to be eligible for the ICAEW membership, examinations, technical work experience (TWE), initial professional development (IPD) and structured training in ethics (STE). Students are required to complete a training program within a period of three years and also undergo regular appraisal/progress reviews with their employer. On completion of these a copy of the completed ETWE (evidence of technical work experience) form to ICAEW needs to be provided and then a candidate will be invited to ICAEW membership.
Recommended Study Hours: An average of 400 to 600 hours needs to be dedicated to successfully clear the ACA examination.
What do you earn? A degree that provides you the knowledge, skill and expertise that ensures you stand out in the job market.
Why Pursue ACA Exam?
Pursuing ACA has its share of advantages and they are sure to be concentrated upon. It can definitely benefit your career in a massive way by increasing your earning potential and making you far more visible in the job market than your peers. However, there are other pros that also need to be taken into account before embarking on your journey towards achieving this certificate course.
- The ACA certificate is earned through a training contract which means that the candidates enjoy structured instructions and proper teaching for the syllabus set. Apart from this students also enjoy a time period given to study for the exams; while there books and fees are entirely paid.
- An ACA training candidate enjoys a lucrative salary and so it speaks volumes of what a qualified ACA would achieve.
- The ACA syllabus structure is designed to ensure candidates are thoroughly prepared for each component so that they can put the theory easily into practice. The course provides a piece of detailed knowledge about the broad spectra of accountancy, finance, and business.
Jobs after pursuing ACA Qualification
Jobs are open for ACA certificate holders in public practice, business, financial services, and charity. ACAs enjoy great career growth which is in proportion to the salary package offered. Some of the companies which have been hiring ACA certificate holders are BDO LLP, Ernst & Young, KPMG, and PWC.
ACA Exam Format
The exams are divided into three levels vis a vis, certificate level, professional level, and advanced level.
A candidate is required to complete all the 15 modules across three levels. Exemptions are allowed in the cases of prior study (for certificate and professional level modules).
The certificate level covers accounting and business essential principles:
- Accounting (40 questions)
- Assurance (50 questions)
- Business and finance (50 questions)
- Law (50 questions)
- Management information (40 questions)
- Principles of taxation (50 questions).
All the topics within this module are tested in one exam. An online exam of one and a half hours can be scheduled at any point in time when the student thinks he is ready. Candidates are allowed to give one level four times.
The syllabus of the Professional level concentrates on the candidate’s ability to apply the theoretical knowledge and understanding to real-life situations:
- Business planning: taxation
- Business strategy
- Audit and assurance
- Financial accounting and reporting (3 hours)
- Financial management
- Tax compliance.
There is a three-hour exam held for each of the topics at this level.
The advanced level is an open book examination that focuses mainly on the complex scenarios of the real-time business and case study, testing each candidate’s skill and judgment in a critical time.
- Corporate reporting
- Strategic business management
- Case study.
The Advanced level has three and a half hour examinations for two modules while the case study examination is a 4-hour long agony. There is no limit on the number of times a student appears for the examination. However, it is advisable that students take the case study paper towards the end of their professional development, ethics training and work experience, to make use of the practical knowledge gained in the field.
Work Experience Requirement
This component is essential to the candidate’s training and allows the students to practice the elements of the day-to-day job. Candidates must complete 450 days of work (where ‘a day’ equates to seven hours) experience for the ACA. This almost takes between three to five years (or 200 hours for the approved two-year scheme).
The practical work experience must be gained from one of the ICAEW’s 2,850 approved employers in at least one area of accounting, audit and assurance, tax, financial management, insolvencyInsolvencyInsolvency is when the company fails to fulfill its financial obligations like debt repayment or inability to pay off the current liabilities. Such financial distress usually occurs when the entity runs into a loss or cannot generate sufficient cash flow. or information technology.
Key Highlights about the ACA Exam Format
The certificate level is a standalone qualification and can be completed outside of a training agreement and most students complete this Level within the first year of their training agreement.
- The certificate level can be completed at any time regularly throughout the year.
- The modules of the three levels can be taken at any time regularly throughout the year.
- The modules of each level build up the complexities of studying material for the next level.
The Professional Development training enables a student to improvise and strengthen key areas in the career of an accountantCareer Of An AccountantMaking a career in accounting can fetch you multiple growth opportunities in the various disciplines of the accounting profession. You can become a finance and accounts manager, statutory auditor, tax manager/expert and certified public accountant (CPA). which includes:
- Team working
- Decision making
- Adding value
- Technical competence.
The training of Professional development is completed through the ICAEW Professional Development Scheme or the employer’s organization scheme (if it has been accredited).
Ethics and Professional Scepticism
This section is taught as an online training tutorial and covers the important ethical accounting practices and requirements of a working chartered accountant. The tutorial ensures the key principles of objectivityPrinciples Of ObjectivityThe objectivity principle in accounting states that financial statements should be objective i.e. the accounting information should be unbiased and free from any external or internal influence. , integrity, professional competence and due care, confidentiality, and professional behavior are easily understood for practice by the students.
There are six modules and a devolved assessment (30 multiple-choice questions over an hour) covering:
- An introduction to the ICAEW code of ethics
- Fundamental ethical principles
- Threats and safeguards to the fundamental ethical principles
- Conflicts of interest
- Considerations for professional accountants in practice
- Considerations for professional accountants in business.
Each module is designed to help students develop ethics and professional skepticism skills from an accountants’ perspective.
Candidates are expected to review their understanding of ethics in their field with their employer at six-monthly intervals and apply their learning during their practical work experience.
ACA Exam Topics Breakdown
Accounting (covers the topics of double-entry accountingDouble-entry AccountingDouble Entry Accounting System is an accounting approach which states that each & every business transaction is recorded in at least 2 accounts, i.e., a Debit & a Credit. Furthermore, the number of transactions entered as the debits must be equivalent to that of the credits. and how to apply its principles)
- maintaining financial records
- adjustments to accounting records and financial statements
- preparing financial statements
Assurance covers the assurance process and fundamental principles of ethics
- concept, process, and need for assurance
- internal controlsInternal ControlsInternal control in accounting refers to the process by which a company implements various rules, policies, or procedures to ensure the accuracy of accounting and finance information, safeguard the various assets of the business, promote accountability in the business, and prevent the occurrence of frauds in the company.
- gathering evidence on an assurance engagement
- professional ethics
Business and Finance covers how businesses operate and how finance and accounting functions support businesses
- business objectives and functions
- business and organizational structures
- the role of finance and the accountancy profession
- governance, sustainability, corporate responsibility and ethics
- the external environment
The law covers the principles of law
- impact of civil and criminal law on business and professional services
- company and insolvency law
- impact of law in the professional context
Management Information covers how to prepare essential financial information for the management of a business
- costing and pricing
- budgeting and forecastingBudgeting And ForecastingBudgeting is a method used by businesses to make precise projections of revenues and expenditure for a future specific period of time while taking into account various internal and external factors prevailing at that time.
- performance management
- management decision-making
Principles of Taxation covers the general objectives and types of tax
- objectives, types of tax and ethics
- administration of taxation
- income tax and national insurance contributions
- capital gains tax and chargeable gains for companies
- corporation taxCorporation TaxCorporate tax is a tax levied by the government on the profits earned by a company at a fixed rate each year and is calculated in accordance with specific tax regulations.
Audit and Assurance cover critical aspects of managing an assurance engagement, including:
- legal and other professional regulations, ethics and current issues
- accepting and managing engagements
- planning engagements
- concluding and reporting on engagements
Financial Accounting and Reporting covers the preparation of complete single entity and consolidated financial statements and extracts from those statements
- accounting and reporting conceptsAccounting And Reporting ConceptsAccounting concepts are the principles, assumptions, and conditions that govern accounting's foundation. They ensure that the accounting is done in a way that the financial statements present a true and fair view. and ethics
- single company financial statements
- consolidated financial statementsConsolidated Financial StatementsConsolidated Financial Statements are the financial statements of the overall group, which include all three key financial statements – income statement, cash flow statement, and balance sheet – and represent the sum total of its parents and all of its subsidiaries.
Financial Management covers how to recommend relevant options for financing a business, recognize and manage financial risks and make appropriate investment decisions
- financial options
- managing financial riskFinancial RiskFinancial risk refers to the risk of losing funds and assets with the possibility of not being able to pay off the debt taken from creditors, banks and financial institutions. A firm may face this due to incompetent business decisions and practices, eventually leading to bankruptcy.
- investment decisions and valuation
Tax Compliance covers how to prepare tax computations for individuals and companies
- ethics and law
- capital gains, income, inheritance and corporation tax
- national insurance contributions
- VATVATValue-added tax (VAT) refers to the charges imposed whenever there is an accretion to a product's usefulness or value throughout its supply chain, i.e., from its manufacturing to its final selling point. It is an indirect tax levied on the product consumption. and stamp taxes
Business Planning: Taxation covers how to identify and resolve tax issues that arise in the context of preparing tax computations, and to advise on tax-efficient strategies for businesses and individuals
- ethics and law
- taxation of corporate entities and unincorporated businesses including partnerships
- personal taxation
Business Strategy covers how businesses develop and implement strategy, including:
- strategic analysis
- strategic choice
- implementation and monitoring of strategy
- auditing services, preparing and evaluating corporate reports
- determine alternative solutions to corporate reporting issues, considering client and stakeholder needs
Strategic Business Management
- strategic analysis, risk management, corporate governance, financial management, corporate reporting, and assurance
- tests professional skills in the context of a specific business issue
- development of conclusions and recommendations required
- relates to how students will be expected to work
ACA Examination Fees
The costs for applying for credit for prior learning, where applicable, will be:
£70 for each Certificate Level module and £90 for each Professional Level module.
ACA Results and Passing Rates
The results of the ACA exams are published on the ICAEW website and result in letters are later posted to the students.
In 2019, the cumulative pass percentage of ACA is above 70%.
ACA Study Resources
The ICAEW provides learning material which is designed by the examiners. The study resources are helpful in understanding the broad outline of topics on which the students will be tested. ICAEW’s study resources comprise of a study manual which in detail explains the topics on which the student will be tested. An online study guide which guides the student towards the approach and skills tested for each module and interactive self-test question materials at the end of the chapter as well as a question bank containing questions for revision and practice before the exams.
ACA Exam Strategy
- During your tutorial make your notes clear and easy to re-use. It will save you time in the long run.
- Practice the papers of the past as it will benefit you in revising the concepts learned.
- Get yourself acquainted with the answering pattern as the examiner looks for something similar.
- Do not avoid the narrative answers-instead to make use of them because they can be rotted and produced.
- The mark allocation is not specified in the question paper hence use your intelligence. Words like briefly explain and explain in detail should be the beacon of light.
Studying the materials is important but the major battle is won if you concentrate on getting hands-on experience on the concepts learned in the class to be practiced on the field. All the Best!