- Accounting Basics
- What are Accounting Principles
- Accounting Equation Formula
- Accounting Cycle
- Accrual Accounting Basis
- Cash Basis Accounting
- Matching Principle of Accounting
- Conservatism Principle of Accounting
- GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles)
- Types of Accounting
- Materiality Concept
- Accounting Transaction
- Accounting Transactions Examples
- Going Concern
- Cost Benefit Principle
- Cost Principle
- Accruals in Accounting
- Accrual Accounting Examples
- Revenue Recognition Principle
- Prudence Concept in Accounting
- Cash Accounting
- What are Accounting Policies?
- Relevance in Accounting
- Accounting Methods
- Accounting Estimates
- Mark to Market Accounting
- Prior Period Adjustments
- Cash Accounting vs Accrual Accounting
- Accounting Controls
- Branch Accounting
- Nostro Account
- Accounting Information System (AIS)
- Break Even Point In Accounting
- Operating Cycle
- Fiscal Year
- Fiscal Year vs Calendar Year | Top Differences | Examples |
- Financial Reporting
- Financial Reporting Objectives
- Financial Statements
- Types of Financial Statements
- Components of Financial Statements
- Financial Statement Examples
- Accrual vs Provision
- Accrual vs Deferral
- Temporal Method
- Interim Financial Statements
- Pro Forma Financial Statements
- Consolidated Financial Statement
- Users of Financial Statements
- Financial Statement Limitations
- Objectives of Financial Statements
- Importance of Financial Statements
- Limitations of Financial Statement Analysis
- Objectives of Financial Statement Analysis
- Audited Financial Statements
- Financial Statement Audit
- Internal Audit vs External Audit
- Interim Reporting
- Accounting Scandals
- Quality of Earnings
- Audit Report
- Audit Objectives
- Audit Report Format
- Audit Report Types
- Internal Audit
- Audit Assertions
- Audit Report Contents
- Audit Report Examples
- Audit Report Qualified Opinion
- Audit Risk
- Sunk Cost
- Sunk Cost Examples
- Cash Receipt
- Fringe Benefits
- Money Measurement Concept
- Window Dressing in Accounting
- Manufacturing vs Production
- Leasehold vs Freehold
- IFRS vs US GAAP
- IFRS vs Indian GAAP
- Accounting for Fair Value Hedges
- Bookkeeping (52+)
- Balance Sheet (30+)
- Assets (109+)
- Liabilities (68+)
- Shareholders Equity (91+)
- Income Statement (158+)
- Cash Flow Statement (17+)
- Accounting Careers (27+)
- Accounting Books (8+)
- Budgeting in Finance (31+)
Basic Content of an Audit Report
An audit report is an opinion on the financial statements of the Company given by the Auditors after conducting the financial audit of the Company. The Auditor’s report is published with the Annual report of the Company. Auditors report is read by investors, analysts, Company’s management, lenders while analyzing the Companies performance and ascertaining that the financial reports are as per the generally accepted accounting standards.
Example of Audit Report Content Format
The below snapshot is the audit report contents of Amazon.com.
Structure/Format of an Audit Report Contents
A typical audit report has the following contents. Let us look at a brief understanding of each heading in the audit report.
#1 – Title
The title of the report mentions it is ‘Independent Auditors’ report’
#2 – Addressee
Addressee is the person/group of persons to whom the report is addressed to. In the case of the statutory audit report, the addressee is the shareholders of the Company. Also, addressee refers to the person appointing the auditors. Since the auditors are appointed by the shareholders of the Company, the report is addressed to them.
4.9 (1,067 ratings)
#3 – The Responsibility of the Auditor and the Management of the Company
This paragraph gives the responsibility of the auditor and the management of the Company. It defines that the responsibility of the auditor is to perform an unbiased audit of financial statements and give their unbiased opinion.
#4 – The scope of the Audit
This paragraph describes the scope of the audit conducted by the Auditor by specifically mentioning that the audit was conducted as per the generally accepted auditing standards in the country. It refers to the ability of the auditor to perform an audit and provides assurance to the shareholders and investors that audit was done as per auditing standard. It should include that the audit examination of the Company’s financial reports was done and there are no material misstatements. The Auditor shall assess the internal controls and perform tests, inquiries, and verifications of the Company’s accounts. Any, limitations on the scope of work done by the auditor are provided in this section of the Auditors report.
#5 – The opinion of the Auditor
This is the main paragraph of the Audit report content. The Auditors give their opinion on the financial reporting by the Company. There are four different types of opinions:
- Unqualified Opinion: An unqualified opinion also called a clean opinion is issued when the auditor determines that the financial records are free of any misrepresentations. An unqualified opinion is the best opinion given to the Company and the management. Unqualified opinion represents that the financial reports are in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)
- Qualified Opinion: Qualified opinion is given by the Auditor in case the financial records are not maintained in accordance with GAAP but the auditors do not find any misrepresentation in the financial reports. A qualified opinion highlights the reason for the audit report being qualified. A qualified opinion is also given in the case when adequate disclosures are not made to the financial statements.
- Adverse Opinion: Adverse opinion on the financial report is the worst type of financial report issued to the Company. An adverse opinion is given in case the financial reports do not conform to the GAAP and the financial records are grossly misrepresented. Adverse opinion may refer to the onset of fraud in the Company. In this case, the Company has to correct its financial reports and financial statements. The Company will have to get the statement re-audited as investors and lenders would require the Company to give financial reports free of any errors and misrepresentation.
- Disclaimer of Opinion: In cases when the auditor is unable to complete the audit of the Company due to details not provided by the Company it will give a disclaimer of Opinion. This means that the status of the financial status of the Company cannot be determined.
#6 – Basis of Opinion
The paragraph gives the basis on which the opinion was based on. It should mention the facts of the basis in the report.
#7 – Signature of Auditor
The partner of the auditor must sign the audit report content at the end.
#8 – Place of Signature
This gives the city in which the audit report was signed.
#9 – Date of the Audit report
Let us look at a brief understanding of each heading in the audit report.
#10 – Date of signature
This gives the date on which the audit report was signed.
Emphasis of Matter in Audit Report Format
The Content of Audit report can have an Emphasis of matter paragraph. The emphasis of matter paragraph can be added in the audit report if the auditor feels to draw the attention of the readers towards the important matter. The auditor does not need to alter its opinion in case it has emphasized on some matter. This paragraph includes the audit conducted by the Auditor and their reliance on the audit performed by other auditors on some of the subsidiaries of the Company. Sometimes auditors do not perform any Audit of non-material subsidiaries and they mention the details like revenue, profit, assets of such subsidiaries and their reliance on the financial reports furnished by the management of the Company.
An audit report is issued by the auditors’ after doing a financial audit of the Company which contains their opinion about the financial status of the Company. The Audit report is a mandatory report to be attached to the annual report of the Company It gives an independent view of the Company’s accounts and highlights misrepresentations (if any) by the Company.
This has been a guide to Audit Report Contents. Here we discuss the content/structure of a typical audit report along with the practical examples of Amazon.com. You may learn more about financing from the following articles –