Financial Statement Analysis

- Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements (Formula, Types, Excel)
- Ratio Analysis Advantages
- Ratio Analysis
- Liquidity Ratios
- Cash Ratio
- Cash Ratio Formula
- Quick Ratio
- Quick Ratio Formula
- Current Ratio
- Current Ratio Formula
- Acid Test Ratio Formula
- Defensive Interval Ratio
- Working Capital Ratio
- Working Capital Formula
- Net Working Capital Formula
- Changes in Net Working Capital
- Cash Flow from Operations Ratio
- Cash Reserve Ratio
- Operating Cycle Formula
- Current Ratio vs Quick Ratio
- Bid Ask Spread
- Liquidity vs Solvency
- Liquidity
- Solvency
- Solvency Ratios
- Equity Ratio
- Capital Adequacy Ratio
- Liquidity Risk
- Altman Z Score

- Turnover Ratios
- Inventory Turnover Ratio
- Accounts Receivable Turnover
- Accounts Receivables Turnover Ratio
- Accounts Payable Turnover Ratio
- Days Inventory Outstanding
- Days in Inventory
- Days Sales Outstanding
- Average Collection Period
- Days Payable Outstanding
- Cash Conversion Cycle
- Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC) Formula
- Fixed Asset Turnover Ratio Formula
- Debtor Days Formula
- Working Capital Turnover Ratio

- Profitability Ratios
- Profitability Ratios Formula
- Common Size Income Statement
- Vertical Analysis of Income Statement
- Profit Margin
- Gross Profit Margin Formula
- Gross Profit Percentage
- Operating Profit Margin Formula
- EBIT Margin Formula
- Operating Income Formula
- Net Profit Margin Formula
- EBIDTA Margin
- Degree of Operating Leverage Formula (DOL)
- NOPAT Formula
- OIBDA
- Earnings Per Share
- Basic EPS
- Diluted EPS
- Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS
- Return on Equity (ROE)
- Return on Capital Employed (ROCE)
- Return on Invested Capital (ROIC)
- Return on Sales
- ROIC Formula (Return on Invested Capital)
- Return on Investment Formula (ROI)
- ROIC vs ROCE
- ROE vs ROA
- CFROI
- Cash on Cash Return
- Return on Total Assets (ROA)
- Return on Average Capital Employed
- Capital employed Employed
- Return on Average Assets (ROAA)
- Return on Average Equity (ROAE)
- Return on Assets Formula
- Return on Equity Formula
- DuPont Formula
- Net Interest Margin Formula
- Earnings Per Share Formula
- Diluted EPS Formula
- Contribution Margin Formula
- Unit Contribution Margin
- Revenue Per Employee Ratio
- Operating Leverage
- EBIT vs EBITDA
- EBITDAR
- Capital Gains Yield
- Tax Equivalent Yield
- LTM Revenue
- Operating Expense Ratio Formula
- Overhead Ratio Formula
- Variable Costing Formula
- Capitalization Rate
- Cap Rate Formula
- Comparative Income Statement
- Capacity Utilization Rate Formula
- Total Expense Ratio Formula

- Efficiency Ratios
- Dividend Ratios
- Debt Ratios
- Debt to Equity Ratio
- Debt Coverage Ratio
- Debt Ratio
- Debt to Asset Ratio Formula
- Coverage Ratio
- Coverage Ratio Formula
- Debt to Income Ratio Formula (DTI)
- Capital Gearing Ratio
- Capitalization Ratio
- Interest Coverage Ratio
- Times Interest Earned Ratio
- Debt Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR)
- DSCR Formula (Debt service coverage ratio)
- Financial Leverage Ratio
- Financial Leverage Formula
- Degree of Financial Leverage Formula
- Net Debt Formula
- Leverage Ratios
- Leverage Ratios Formula
- Operating Leverage vs Financial Leverage
- Current Yield
- Debt Yield Ratio
- Solvency Ratio Formula

## Differences Between Basic EPS and Diluted EPS

Basic EPS and Diluted EPS are profitability metrics of a business.

Basic EPS measures how much a business earns per share without going much into any other detail. Simply by dividing the (net income – preferred dividend) with the number of outstanding equity shares, we would be able to calculate basic EPS.

Diluted EPS, on the other hand, takes convertible securities into account to calculate earnings per share. Convertible securities include convertible preferred shares, employee stock options, debt, equity etc.

In layman’s terms, the basic difference between basic EPS and diluted EPS is that in diluted EPS it is assumed that all the convertible securities will be exercised.

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In this article, we will go through each metric and try to make a comparative analysis between them.

Let’s get started.

- Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS Infographics
- Basic EPS and Diluted EPS – Key differences
- Basic EPS and Diluted EPS (Comparison Table)
- Conclusion

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### Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS Infographics

There are few basic differences between Basic EPS and Diluted EPS. Let’s have a look at them one by one –

Also, have a look at this detailed article on Earnings Per Share.

### Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS – Key differences

There are few key differences between basic EPS and diluted EPS. Let’s have a look –

- Basic EPS is a simple measure of profitability. Diluted EPS, on the other hand, is a complex measure.
- Basic EPS is the most suitable, but not very sound approach to find out how a company is doing financially. Diluted EPS is a much better and strictest approach to find out how a company is doing financially.
- Basic EPS can be calculated just by deducting the preferred dividend from the net income and then by dividing with the outstanding equity shares. Diluted EPS, on the other hand, can be calculated by adding net income, convertible preferred dividend, and debt interest and then dividing the sum by outstanding shares plus all convertible securities of the company.
- Basic EPS is used for companies which have simple capital structure. Diluted EPS is used for companies which have complex capital structure.
- Basic EPS is always higher than diluted EPS since in diluted EPS all convertible securities are added to the common shares in the denominator.

### Basic EPS and Diluted EPS Comparison Table

Basis for Comparison of Basic and Diluted EPS |
Basic EPS |
Diluted EPS |

1. Inherent meaning |
Helps find out the basic earnings of the company per equity share. | Helps find out the earnings of the company per convertible share. |

2. Purpose |
To find out the profitability of a company. | To find out the profitability of a company by including convertible securities. |

3. Significance to investors |
Less as it doesn’t include all convertible securities. | More as it includes convertible securities in the calculation. |

4. What are included in calculation? |
Common shares. | Common shares, preferred shares, stock options, warrants, debt etc. |

5. Computation |
(Net Income – Preferred Dividend) / Outstanding Common Shares. | (Net Income + Convertible Preferred Dividend + Debt Interest) / All convertible securities plus common shares. |

6. Value of measure |
More since the denominator is only common shares. | Less since the denominator includes all convertible securities. |

7. Ease of use |
Easy. | Comparatively complex. |

### Conclusion

Basic EPS and diluted EPS go hand in hand. If the company’s capital structure is quite complex, it’s always better to go for both – basic and diluted EPS.

Ascertaining both will help you find out the basic difference between the basic EPS and diluted EPS. And you would be able to see the earnings per share of a company under a very conservative measure.

Though only calculating basic EPS and diluted EPS will not provide you every minor detail of the company’s financial health, but they can be a good start.

### Basic EPS vs Diluted EPS Video

### Recommended Article

This has been a guide to differences between Basic EPS and Diluted EPS. You may also look at the following articles to enhance your accounting knowledge.

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