Basic EPS

Article byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What are Basic Earnings Per Share?

Basic earnings per share is a profitability metric that calculates the company’s net income for each common stock. It is useful when the company has a simple capital structure (no dilutive securities like stock options, convertible bonds, etc.)

Key Takeaways

  • Basic earnings per share (EPS) is a key profitability measure that indicates a company’s net income per common stock.
  • It is suitable when a company has a simple capital structure without dilutive securities like stock options or convertible bonds. Basic EPS can also be used as a valuation method.
  • When analyzing a company’s EPS, it’s important to consider net profit and outstanding equity shares separately.
  • Basic EPS represents earnings available to common shareholders, so it deducts the current year’s preferred dividends from net income.

Basic EPS Formula

Basic EPS Formula = (Net Income – Preferred Dividends) / Weighted Average Common Shares Outstanding

Since basic EPS relates to earnings available only to common shareholders, the current year’s preferred dividends reduce from net income. However, dividends on common shares do not deduct from net income.

Calculate Basic EPS

Basic EPS

You are free to use this image o your website, templates, etc, Please provide us with an attribution linkHow to Provide Attribution?Article Link to be Hyperlinked
For eg:
Source: Basic EPS (

The above chart shows that Starbucks ‘ basic EPS has increased substantially over the past 5 years. What does this mean? How is this useful for investors? First, let us look at the calculation of the basic EPS of Starbucks and its interpretation.



  • Net earnings of Starbucks in 2016 = $2,817.7 million
  • Weighted average common shares in 2016 = $1,471.6 million
  • Basic EPS = $2,817.7/1,471.6 = $1.91
Starbucks Basic EPS

source – Starbucks 10K filings

Now you can Master Financial Modeling with Wallstreetmojo’s premium courses at special prices

Best Financial Modeling Courses by Wallstreetmojo

Financial Modeling Course
* McDonalds Step by Step Modeling from Scratch
* 12+ Hours of Video
* Certificate
Rating 4.91/5
Financial Modeling & Valuation
* McDonalds Step by Step Modeling from Scratch
* Valuations
* 25+ Hours of Video
* Certificate of Completion
Rating 5/5
Valuation Course
* Valuations (DCF, DDM, Comparable Comps)
* 12+ Hours of Video
* Certificate
Rating 4.89/5

Basic EPS Explanation in Video


How Useful is Basic EPS to the Investors?

How to Interpret Basic EPS?

When comparing the EPS of two companies, you need to look at an important aspect.

While looking at a company and its EPS, you should look separately at the net profit and the outstanding equity shares.


Basic EPS is a great measure of profitability. There is no doubt about it. But you should know that EPS alone cannot depict a great deal about a company’s financial health.

Yes, it can talk about how much net profit a company has been earning, whether a company is generating higher yields, and whether one company is doing better than another in terms of earnings per share.

Since the company has prepared the income statement and the balance sheet, it may have manipulated the data to showcase a good reputation to its potential investors.

That is why you should look at the P/E ratio P/E RatioThe price to earnings (PE) ratio measures the relative value of the corporate stocks, i.e., whether it is undervalued or overvalued. It is calculated as the proportion of the current price per share to the earnings per share. read more (Price/Earnings ratio) and basic EPS. However, it would help if you also looked at other financial ratios like return on total assets, ROCEROCEReturn on Capital Employed (ROCE) is a metric that analyses how effectively a company uses its capital and, as a result, indicates long-term profitability. ROCE=EBIT/Capital more, diluted EPSDiluted EPSDiluted EPS is a financial ratio to check the quality of the Earnings per Share after taking into account the exercise of Convertible Securities like Preference Shares, Stock Option, Warrants, Convertible Debentures more, and the statements like cash flow and fund flow statements.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is the difference between EPS and basic EPS?

EPS stands for Earnings Per Share, a financial metric representing the portion of a company’s profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. Basic EPS considers only the number of common shares outstanding, while diluted EPS takes into account the potential dilution from convertible securities, such as stock options or convertible bonds.

2. What is a good basic EPS number?

The determination of a “good” basic EPS number depends on various factors, including the industry, company size, growth prospects, and investor expectations. A higher basic EPS generally indicates greater profitability per share, but it’s essential to consider the context and compare it with industry peers or historical performance for a meaningful assessment.

3. Which is better, basic or diluted EPS?

Whether basic or diluted EPS is better depends on the purpose of the evaluation. Basic EPS provides a conservative measure by assuming no potential dilution from convertible securities. On the other hand, diluted EPS accounts for the potential dilution of outstanding shares. If significant dilutive securities are in circulation, diluted EPS may give a more accurate representation of the company’s earnings potential. 

This article is a guide to Basic EPS. Here, we discuss the formula for calculating basic earnings per share, practical examples, and its usefulness to investors. You may also have a look at these articles below to enhance your understanding of: –

Reader Interactions

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *