Capital Employed

What is Capital Employed?

Capital employed indicates the investment in the business, the total amount of funds used for expansion or acquisition by a firm as well as the total value of assets dedicated towards the business and is calculated by subtracting current liabilities from total assets or by adding working capital to fixed assets.


In Simple words, Capital Employed is the total funds deployed for running the business with the intent to earn profits and is usually calculated in two ways a) Total Assets minus Current Liabilities or b) Non-Current Assets + Working Capital

A higher value of Capital Employed, especially when a significant chunk of it is not sourced from shareholders’ equity, indicates a proportionately higher level of risk. Though the higher level of risk might make investors wary of investing in the company, it also hints at aggressive business expansion plans, which, if successful, could result in much higher returns as well on investments.

Capital Employed Formula

Formula #1

Capital Employed

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For eg:
Source: Capital Employed (

Formula #2

capital employed formula Second method

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Non-current assets are the long-term assets, whose full value cannot be realized within the current financial year. It typically includes fixed assets along with intangible assets, brand recognition, and intellectual property. This formula also includes any investments made in other businesses.

Working capitalWorking CapitalWorking capital is the amount available to a company for day-to-day expenses. It's a measure of a company's liquidity, efficiency, and financial health, and it's calculated using a simple formula: "current assets (accounts receivables, cash, inventories of unfinished goods and raw materials) MINUS current liabilities (accounts payable, debt due in one year)"read more can be defined as a quick measure of the operational efficiency of a company and its overall financial health.

Working Capital = Current Assets – Current Liabilities.


All of the figures utilized for Capital Employed calculationCapital Employed CalculationCapital employed indicates the company's investment in the business, i.e., the total amount of funds used for expansion or acquisition and the entire value of assets engaged in business operations. "Capital Employed = Total Assets - Current Liabilities" or "Capital Employed = Non-Current Assets + Working Capital."read more can be found on the balance sheet of the company.

Calculation using 1st Formula

  • To calculate this for Company ABC based on the first method, we look for the figure against “Total assets.” Let us suppose it is $42000000.
  • Next, we look for the figure against “Total Current Liabilities,” as listed in the balance sheet. Let us suppose this figure is $25000000.

Now, we calculate like this:

  • CE = Total Assets ($42000000) – Current Liabilities ($25000000) = $17000000

Calculation using 2nd Formula

The second method would require looking up for the following measures on the balance sheet of Company ABC, non-current assets, current liabilities, and current assets. We can find both current assets and non-current assets listed in the Assets section of the balance sheet and current liabilities on the Liabilities section.

  • Let us suppose, Non-Current Assets = $105 Million
  • Current Liabilities = $54 Million
  • Current Assets = $65 Million
  • Now, we calculate like this:
  • CE = Non-Current Assets ($105000000 + Working Capital (Current Assets ($65000000) – Current Liabilities($54000000))
  • = $105 Million + $11 Million = $116 Million

Use and Relevance

Generally, it is put to good use in estimations on how well a company might be using its capital to enhance its profitabilityProfitabilityProfitability refers to a company's ability to generate revenue and maximize profit above its expenditure and operational costs. It is measured using specific ratios such as gross profit margin, EBITDA, and net profit margin. It aids investors in analyzing the company's more. It is achieved by calculating Return on Capital EmployedReturn On Capital EmployedReturn on Capital Employed (ROCE) is a metric that analyses how effectively a company uses its capital and, as a result, indicates long-term profitability. ROCE=EBIT/Capital more

Capital Employed - ROCE Formula

EBIT is also known as operating income, which is divided by the figure for employed capital to get ROCE. It is especially useful in comparing the utilization of capital in companies operating in capital-intensive industries.

Capital Employed Calculator

You can use the following Calculator

Total Assets
Current Liabilities
Capital Employed Formula

Capital Employed Formula = Total Assets Current Liabilities
0 0 = 0

Capital Employed in Excel (with excel template)

It is straightforward. In the first method, You need to provide the two inputs of Total Assets and Total Current Liabilities. And in the second method, you need to provide the three inputs of Non-Current AssetsNon-Current AssetsNon-current assets are long-term assets bought to use in the business, and their benefits are likely to accrue for many years. These Assets reveal information about the company's investing activities and can be tangible or intangible. Examples include property, plant, equipment, land & building, bonds and stocks, patents, more, Current Liabilities, and Current Assets.

Calculation by First Method

Excel - First Method

Calculation by Second Method

Excel - Second Method

You can download this template here – Capital Employed Excel Template

Video on Capital Employed Ratio


Recommended Articles

This article has been a guide to Capital employed and its definition. Here we discuss the formula to calculate Capital Employed along with practical examples and its uses and downloadable excel template. You may also refer to the following to learn more about Financial Ratios

Reader Interactions


  1. Theophilus Ekufful says

    Got more understanding

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