Equity Investor

Updated on May 14, 2024
Article byWallstreetmojo Team
Edited byAaron Crowe
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

What is an Equity Investor?

Equity investors are investors (retail or institutional investors) invested in a company (whether publicly or privately held) to achieve a financial gain or return via capital appreciation, dividend payments, the addition of shares, etc., usually for a substantial period.

Key Takeaways

  • Equity investors are investors (retail or institutional investors) that invest in a company (whether publicly or privately held) to obtain a financial gain or return through capital appreciation, dividend payments, the addition of shares, etc., usually for a considerable period.
  • Equity investment also requires a strong discipline over the investment life.
  • It is an excellent passive income source if one knows that the business and equity markets allot weekly. It can earn a heavy return over time and additional benefits like dividends and capital appreciation.


Unlike a trader, an equity investor invests in a corporation’s inequities for an extended period. Investment in a share is for a target that generally surpasses the yearly barriers. Earning a large amount of wealth from investing in equity requires the company to expand and achieve its potential, which requires an extended time. If you put money for a longer period and the company’s business flourishes expectedly, typically, these stocks provide decent returns.

Equity Investor

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Risks of Equity Investor

  • Investing in a stock does not guarantee any returns. On the contrary, the amount financed could deteriorate or lose value in adverse scenarios such as management frauds, unfavorable financial environment, and many more.
  • Again, equity shareholders would be the last to receive their proportion in the entity’s liquidation. This situation makes the shares locked, and it is tough to sell them out while the process continues. So, the major thrust has to be absorbed by equity holders. But, with the help of intense research and understanding of the industry situations, we can avert these unfavorable scenarios in the early period.
  • Retail investors, or small investors, are up against the big organizations, financial entities, and large investors in terms of knowledge and reach about the information and resources. Information is a crucial factor in the stock market, and big investors have reliable contacts with management, heavy software, and expert staff to remain aware of any unwanted situation. But retail or small investors face severe challenges compared to organized investors. As a result, retail investors only rely upon the information in the public domain.


The market is flooded with success stories of long-term stockholders, but not all the stories are the same. The stock market is widely infamous for its volatility and punishments. So, it is not an easy task to earn handsomely at all times. Nevertheless, the following are a few pointers that could increase the chances of success in the equity world.

  • To excel in the world of the equity market, the investor should possess at least an elementary knowledge of the business and the industry to which the company belongs. In addition, he must be aware of the prevalent conditions in the industry and company, respectively, to have a rough idea about the upcoming situation and its impact on the company.
  • Good or workable knowledge of the financial terms and a detective mindset would help an investor understand the quantitative side and evaluate its competitors fairly. In addition, a good investor with strong expertise in finance would be in a better position to track down the organization’s frauds or declining conditions by reviewing company statements.
  • Equity investment also demands a strong discipline over the life of the investment. Various circumstances would arise when it would not be easy to remain invested in the stock. Most holders could not make it to the list of great earners because sometimes they lose courage or faith in their earlier evaluation. Hefty returns take time to build, so an investor should remain invested for a substantial period.

Equity Investor vs Shareholder

People use the words shareholders and equity investors interchangeably in general parlance, but these are not the same. Instead, those terms have a slight difference, making them unique to each other.

  • A shareholder or stockholder is listed in the company’s register, whether privately or publicly held. They are considered the entity’s owners due to their holding in the organization’s equity and are entitled to various benefits such as dividends, right issues, bonus issues, and stock appreciation. Further, in the case of liquidation of the company, the stockholders are paid after all the payments have been made to the entity’s suitors. So, the risk of losing the invested amount also lies here.
  • On the other hand, an investor employs funds in a particular vehicle to generate financial returns. The investors could invest in various vehicles such as mutual funds, equities, bonds, options, commodities, and others, to name a few. Most of the time, investors employ multiple techniques to invest in a company coupled with fundamental or technical research of the organization and are said to be long-term investors of buy and hold investors.
  • In conclusion, a person can be a shareholder and investor at the same time if the investment is expected to last for the long term to earn financial benefits over the period. But, even a trader, who remains invested in a company for a short period, could be designated as a shareholder as their name is enlisted in the shareholder’s register.


  • Investment in equities is one of the best ways to increase productivity quickly. We all have heard multiple stories of people becoming millionaires and billionaires just sitting on the stock for years.
  • If held for years, equity investments in a pleasant environment could provide capital appreciation return along with other short-term and financial benefits such as dividends, stock rights, bonuses, etc.
  • It is an excellent source of passive income; if the person knows business and equity markets devote a short time weekly, they could earn a hefty return over time. Also, the additional benefits such as dividends and other resources are the capital appreciation.


Overall, the equity investor faces substantial challenges over holding a security period. Still, even one successful stock pick over the years could give the investor a healthy return, and history has shown many such examples of these returns.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How do equity investors get paid back?

Equity investors can get paid back in a few days, depending on the structure of the investment and the company’s performance. However, there are a few ways that equity investors may receive returns, including dividends, capital gains, mergers, and acquisitions.

Who are tax equity investors?

Tax equity investors are investors who provide financing for projects that generate tax credits or other tax benefits. These investors are typically interested in investing in renewable energy projects. Hence, these investors are generally sophisticated and have experience with tax planning and structuring.

What risks do equity investors face?

Equity investors face commodity price risk, headline risk, rating risk, obsolescence risk, detection risk, legislative risk, inflationary risk, market risk, currency risk, interest rate risk, and model risk.

What is a growth equity investor?

A growth equity investor is an investor who provides capital for rapidly growing companies in exchange for an ownership stake in the company. In addition, these investors typically provide money and strategic guidance to the companies they invest in.

Recommended Articles

This article is a guide to Equity Investor meaning. We discuss the risk of an equity investor and its responsibilities along with benefits and an equity investor vs. shareholder. You can learn more about it from the following articles: –

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