Incentive Stock Options

What is the Incentive Stock Options (ISO)?

Incentive Stock Option (ISO) refers to the option which the company gives to its employees. It allows them to purchase the stock of the company at a price which is lower than the prevailing market price. This technique is used by many companies to retain their top employees for the long run.


Incentive Stock Options

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How does the Incentive Stock Options Works?

  • The company gives an option to the existing employees of the company for purchasing a certain number of stock at a specific predetermined price after meeting the fixed eligibility criteria.
  • If the employees purchase them, then they need to behold by such employees as per the vesting period.
  • These types of options are generally given by the companies whose stocks are traded publicly or, in other words, say by public limited companies.
  • Companies sometimes issue these as a prerequisite to the employees for their continuous gratitude towards the organization.

When is Incentive Stock Options Taxed?

The stock optionsStock OptionsStock options are derivative instruments that give the holder the right to buy or sell any stock at a predetermined price regardless of the prevailing market prices. It typically consists of four components: the strike price, the expiry date, the lot size, and the share more granted do not have the implication of taxes at the time of their allotment or at the time of exercising. Taxation of these is in the manner as other capital profits and at the same tax rate as capital gains. The question and impact of taxability arise at the time of their sale by the stockholder. The fair market value of option exercised on the date of exercising the option will be subtracted from the sale value of a stock to compute the capital gain earned and applicable taxes.


  • The government gets some amount as taxes from the persons selling such options after meeting the conditions laid upon at the time of exercising the option.
  • These types of options help both the employer as well as employee. The employer gets surety of their employee retained, and the employee will save some amount of money in the long run.

Advantages of Incentive Stock Options



Incentive Stock Option is linked with retaining the employees of the companies. Nowadays, it becomes tough for the business to retain trustworthy and experienced employees. So this is a method used by the companies whose workings are mainly dependent upon the employees of the company; or who have the ideology of retaining experienced employees working with the company for long. The company gives them some sort of temptation for retaining them and enjoying their services for some more years.

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