Reorganization

Reorganization Meaning

Reorganization refers to the legal process of modifying, merging, or acquiring a company and its assets. Typically undertaken to solve low profit margins, reasons for revamping vary as per the needs of a firm. For instance, in 2017, Wall Street Journal had announced a major editorial reorganization to help the 128-year-old newspaper adopt to the requirements of digital news reporting.

Reorganization

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Key Takeaways

How Does Reorganization Work?

A company undertakes various measures to ensure that it stays in business. It focuses on maximizing profits, gaining an edge over its competitors and attaining a profound market standing. Reorganization is one such measure that companies deploy to ensure they stay in business. It could also come as a saving grace when a company has to go for liquidation due to bankruptcy.

For instance, if a firm is under heavy debt and cannot make payments for interest, salary, expenses or principal amount, it may revamp its structure to increase the amount of capital. Lay-offs, mergers, corporate buyouts, recapitalizationRecapitalizationA recapitalization is a method of restructuring the ratios of various capital-generating modes, such as debt, equity, and preference shares, based on WACC and other company requirements, such as desired control level.read more or changing the existing business structure are ways to attain reorganization. It can be challenging for both employees and employers regardless of whether the restructuring is happening under good or bad conditions.

The reorganization is a legal process. Courts and lawyers often emerge especially in the case of bankruptcy and mergers. According to the Harvard Business Review, at least two-thirds of such changes are motivated to deliver at least some performance improvement. Reorg and reorganization are used interchangeably.

Why Do Companies Go For Reorganization?

There is a multitude of reasons why a company enters the reorganization process. The most common reason is profit. Expanding business operations, customer bases, and operative reach are all benefits of reorgs.

Other reasons can be more clearly seen in the different types of reorgs as the process is subjective in nature, and each company can essentially create its own. The United States IRS (Section 368) recognizes seven types of reorganization. Some of them are mergers, subsidiary acquisition of stock, transfer spin-offs or split-offsSpin-offs Or Split-offsBoth spin-off and split-off are the two different forms of divestitures. In a spin-off, the subsidiary company's shares are distributed among all of the shareholders. In contrast, in a split-off, the stakeholders have to surrender their parent company's shareholding for receiving the subsidiary company's shares.read more, etc.

Listed below are some reasons for reorgs.

Example

Reorganization vs Restructuring

This has been a guide to What is Reorganization & its Meaning. Here we discuss types of reorganization and how it works along with some examples. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –