Differences Between NSE and BSE

BSE is the oldest stock exchange of India established in 1875 which stands for Bombay Stock Exchange whose benchmark index is SENSEX giving top 30 stock index whereas NSE is the biggest stock exchange of India established in 1992 which stands for National Stock Exchange whose benchmark index is Nifty giving top 50 stock index.

Top Differences Between NSE and BSE

The stock exchange is an intermediary that facilitates an investor to purchase and sell shares, bonds, debentures, and other financial instruments. BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) and NSE (National Stock exchange) are amongst the eminent and vital stock exchanges in India.

What is BSE?

BSEBSEThe full form of BSE is the Bombay Stock Exchange. It is Asia's oldest stock exchange, founded in 1875 as the Native Shares and Stock Broker's Association and is the first exchange in India to be recognized by the government in 1957 under the Securities Contract (Regulation) Act.read more was established as “The Native Share & Stock Brokers’ Association” in 1875 and has been the oldest stock exchange of Asia. This stock exchange provides a transparent and systematic mechanism for trading in equity, currencies, debt instruments, derivatives, and mutual funds. The other facilities provided by the exchange involve clearing, settlement, risk management, market data services, and education. The S&P BSE SENSEX, which we term as the SENSEX, is the benchmark index that comprises of the 30 most actively traded and financially strong Indian companies listed on BSE.

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What is NSE?

NSE was incorporated in 1992 and was recognized as a stock exchangeStock ExchangeStock exchange refers to a market that facilitates the buying and selling of listed securities such as public company stocks, exchange-traded funds, debt instruments, options, etc., as per the standard regulations and guidelines—for instance, NYSE and NASDAQ.read more in 1993 under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956. This leading stock exchange of India caters to a variety of services to the capital market participants that include trading, clearing, and settlement in equity, equity derivativesEquity DerivativesEquity Derivative is a class of derivatives whose value is connected to the price variations of the underlying asset & it is generally used for hedging risk or speculating moves in indexes. It has 4 major types, i.e., Forwards & Futures, Options, Warrants, & Swaps. read more, debt, and currency derivatives segments. The benchmark index of NSE is NIFTY, which represents a weighted average of the 50 most highly liquid and frequently traded Indian companies listed on NSE.

BSE vs. NSE Differences Infographics

Here we provide you with the top 12 differences between NSE and BSE.

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BSE and NSE Key Differences

It is important to gauge the key difference between NSE and BSE. This will give us additional clarity on the subject matter.

  • BSE is Asia’s oldest stock exchange and has been recognized as the fastest stock exchange in the world. Incorporated in 1875, BSE has been the first to be granted permanent recognition under the Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956. The exchange had designed the screen-based automated trading mechanism termed as the BSE On-Line Trading (BOLT) in 1995. NSE has been affiliated with being the leading stock exchange of the country and was the first to have launched an electronic screen-based automated trading system in 1994.
  • The benchmark index of BSE named SENSEX, includes the top 30 well-established companies. The index of NSE, termed as Nifty, depicts the 50 most actively traded companies. The stocks belong to diversified sectors such as FMCG, Banking and Finance, Auto, Healthcare, Oil & Gas, and so on. The Sensex is currently trading at a P/E ratio of 22.03x. The Nifty is trading at a P/E ratio of 24.83x as of October 2018.
  • Some of the tops traded companies on BSE with high market capitalization are Reliance Industries Ltd, Tata Consultancy Services Ltd, HDFC Bank Ltd, ITC Ltd, Hindustan Unilever Limited, etc. Some of the actively traded securities on NSE as per the October 2018 transactions involve Indiabulls Housing Finance Ltd, Reliance Industries Ltd, HDFC Ltd, Infosys, etc.
  • BSE provides various facilities such as depository services through the Central Depository Services Ltd. (CDSL), risk management, clearing, and settlement. The BSE Institute Limited is the acclaimed capital marketCapital MarketA capital market is a place where buyers and sellers interact and trade financial securities such as debentures, stocks, debt instruments, bonds, and derivative instruments such as futures, options, swaps, and exchange-traded funds (ETFs). There are two kinds of markets: primary markets and secondary markets.read more educational institute of the exchange. NSE played a vital role in the establishment of the first depository in India called the NSDL (National Securities Depository Limited). The clearing and settlement process of NSE transactions are undertaken by National Securities Clearing Corporation Ltd. (NSCCL).
  • Arbitrage is a strategy implemented by traders to make use of the price difference between two or more markets with an aim to earn the profit. The price of a security may differ on BSE vs. NSE. An arbitrageur will buy the security in the exchange where it is quoted at a lower price and simultaneously sell the same in the other exchange where it is traded at a higher price. The trader must follow the rules outlined for engaging in arbitrage.

BSE and NSE Head to Head Differences

Let’s now look at the head to head difference between NSE and BSE

Basic ComparisonBSE (Bombay Stock Exchange)NSE (National Stock Exchange)
Date of EstablishmentBSE was founded in 1875NSE was founded in 1992
Brand Identity BSE NSE
Position AscertainedBSE has been the most ancient stock exchange in Asia.NSE is considered to be the largest stock exchange in India.
Products OfferedBSE facilitates trading in equity, currencies, debt instrumentsDebt InstrumentsDebt instruments provide finance for the company's growth, investments, and future planning and agree to repay the same within the stipulated time. Long-term instruments include debentures, bonds, GDRs from foreign investors. Short-term instruments include working capital loans, short-term loans.read more, derivatives, and mutual funds.NSE facilitates trading equity, equity derivatives, debt, and currency derivatives segments.
Vision of the ExchangeThe vision of the exchange is to “Emerge as the premier Indian stock exchange with best-in-class global practice in technology, product innovation, and customer service.”The vision of the exchange is to “Continue to be a leader, establish a global presence, facilitate the financial well-being of people.”
Managing Director and CEOMr. Ashishkumar ChauhanMr. Vikram Limaye
Benchmark IndexSensex is the benchmark index and comprises of 30 companies.Nifty is the benchmark index and comprises of 50 companies.
Market Capitalization (Rs.Cr.)1,38,63,853.491,37,06,270.10
Total Number of Listed Entities5,089Around 2,000
Position in the World10th largest stock exchange11th largest stock exchange
Index Value (19th October 2018)34,315.6310,303.55
Website Referencewww.bseindia.comwww.nseindia.com

Final Thoughts

Though BSE has been the oldest stock exchange of India, NSE was the first to launch an automated electronic screen-based trading system in India. The stock exchanges have been recognized by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). The corporate office of BSE and NSE the exchanges are located in Mumbai. BSE and NSE have a nation-wide existence and have also been able to cater to the customers located across the globe.

BSE and NSE both play an extremely crucial role in providing an effective, formalized, and transparent mechanism to the market participants for trading in diversified financial securities. The processes have been designed with an aim to provide high-quality services, protect the market ethics, and drive the development of the Indian capital market.

This has been a guide to the top difference between NSE and BSE. Here we also discuss the BSE vs. NSE key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles –