Full Form of NIFTY – National Stack Exchange Fifty
The full form of NIFTY is National Stack Exchange Fifty. The NIFTY is the prominent benchmark index of the NSE (National Stock Exchange) comprising of stocks of the 50 different companies from different diversified sectors of the economy where the valuation of the NIFTY is determined on the basis of performance of these stocks and it is owned as well as managed by the NSE indices limited.
How is NIFTY Calculated?
In order to calculate the NIFTY, the weighted free-float market capitalization method is used i.e., free-float capitalization of the company is considered for index calculation and assigning of weights to the stocks in the index. The following are the steps that can be used for calculating NIFTY.
- For calculating vale of National Stack Exchange Fifty, firstly market capitalization will be determined by multiplying the shares outstanding with the current prices of all of the companies in NIFTY.
- After that free-float market capitalization will be calculated by multiplying the market capitalization of each company with its investible weight factor (IWF) where IWF refers to the unit of the floating stock of the company when expressed in terms of the number of shares that are available for the purpose of trading.
- For the floating stock holding of promoters or group of promoters, strategic stakes by the corporate bodies, shares under the log-in category, cross-holdings, FDIs, Holdings of government as the strategic investor and employee welfare trusts are excluded from the number of shares that are available for the purpose of trading. Then, float market capitalization of all the stocks will be added together
- After the calculation of free-float market capitalization, Base Market Capital and base index value will be taken where base market capital is the market capitalization of the base year and the base index value is kept at 1000.
- Lastly, Index Value will be calculated using the formula:
Usage of NIFTY
The NIFTY can be used for various different purposes. The following are some of the usages of the national stack exchange fifty:
- Benchmarking fund portfolios
- Launching of the index funds
- Index-based derivatives
Difference between NIFTY and SENSEX
The following are the main differences between NIFTY and NSE:
- NIFTY stands for the National Stack Exchange Fifty whereas SENSEX stands for the Sensitivity Index.
- The Nifty is the benchmark index of the NSE which consists of 50 companies being most actively traded in the National Stock Exchange whereas SENSEX is the benchmark index of the BSE and it is the stock market indexes that consist of the 30 well established and financially sound companies which are listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange.
The following are the benefits of the National Stack Exchange Fifty:
- It is one of the highest liquid stock market indexes in futures as well as in options category which means the trades can easily enter and take the exit from their positions.
- Its flexibility as this option can be easily used among the various ranges of strategies such as from very conservative to the options having higher risks.
- It is not possible to manipulate it as large numbers of players are involved in both sides of trades. Moreover, The level of National Stack Exchange Fifty is determined on the basis of 50 stocks so manipulation of such large combinations is generally not possible.
- The fall in the NIFTY generally does not exceed by 5% in a single day as NIFTY consists of 50 stocks so the impact of a drop in a single stock price does not impact the NIFTY as a whole much whereas there is the probability that the stock can fall by 20-40% in a single day which can result in a huge loss to the investor.
- If the investor invests in an individual stock then the investor has to check out that company’s financials closely but in the case of NIFTY there is no need to check any financial statements, only the sound knowledge of technical analysis is required to trade in NIFTY.
The following are the disadvantages of the National Stack Exchange Fifty:
- If the person is the risk-taker, then trading in it is not a good option because most of the times nifty enters within a trading range as it includes both the gainers as well as looser stocks but individual stocks of the company continue to rise without any trading range, sometimes even during the situation when the market is in a bearish state. So, trading in the NIFTY person might have to forgo good return which it could have earned by trading in the individual stocks.
- Trading in the National Stack Exchange Fifty can be done using the futures and options only so, the person who has the long-term view or expectations from the market cannot deal in the NIFTY. This is so because in the case of the futures and options trading in only the near-month contracts can be done.
- The stocks that are considered in the index of the NIFTY are the large-cap stocks only and it does not consider the mid-cap stocks as well as small-cap stocks which give good opportunities to the investors who trade smartly as there is a great level of fluctuations in case of the mid-cap stocks and small-cap stocks.
It is the abbreviation used for National Stack Exchange Fifty. As the name implies, National Stack Exchange Fifty is the benchmark index of the NSE which consists of 50 companies being most actively traded in the National Stock Exchange. The management of the National Stack Exchange Fifty index is done by the NSE Indices Limited which was formerly known as India index services & products limited. As the NIFTY comprises of the stocks of the different companies from diversified sectors of the economy, trading in NIFTY provides an opportunity to invest in hedging its position in an efficient and effective manner.
This has been a guide to the Full Form of NIFTY i.e (National Stack Exchange Fifty). Here we discuss how to calculate nifty along with its advantages, disadvantages, and differences. You may refer to the following articles to learn more about finance –