Long Position

Long Position Meaning

Long position denotes buying of a stock, currency or commodity in the hope that the future price will get higher from the present price. The security can be bought in the cash market or in the derivative market. The course of action suggests that the investor or the trader is expecting an upward movement of the stock from is prevailing levels.

Components

  1. A trading account, from where investors can do buy and sell stocks, currency, and commodities.
  2. There should be a selection of particular security or an asset class to take a “Buy” call on a stock or any asset class.
  3. The foremost factor which is required is the requirement of capital or funds. The investor has to invest capital to get long-term ROI.
Long-Position

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Source: Long Position (wallstreetmojo.com)

Examples of Long Position

Below are some examples.

Example #1

An investor has researched a particular company and wants to own a stake in the company. The stock price is quoting at $195 per share and is available at a price to earningsPrice To EarningsThe price to earnings (PE) ratio measures the relative value of the corporate stocks, i.e., whether it is undervalued or overvalued. It is calculated as the proportion of the current price per share to the earnings per share. read more (P/E) multiple of 18.5x of its trailing twelve months (TTM) earnings per share (EPS).

While the average industry median of the stock is quoting at 14.8 times, thus, the investor likely to choose a long stance when the valuation is available at per the average industry median. Therefore, the investor would choose to ‘Buy’ and hold the stock for a long-term perspective.

Thus, the act of buying the stock is known as ‘Long position.’ Suppose the price of the stock corrects by ~21%, and on the valuation front, the stock is trading at 14.6x as compare to the current average industry median of 15.2x.

Example #2

After taking a long position at a price level of $50 per share, the stock price fell to $46.2 per share. The reason for the fall is the lower investor sentiment, while the fundamental of the stock remained intact. Thus, the investor can increase its stake as the price has fallen. Again, within a few more weeks, the stock corrected another ~10% and quoting at $41.8 per stock.

Thus, before taking any further position, the investor should look at the current TTM and the valuation. If the current TTM increases, then the valuation-wise, the stock would be trading at an attractive level, and the investors could opt to further increase his stake.

Advantages

  1. One of the prime reasons behind the ‘long-position’ is the capital appreciation in the investor’s portfolio. The prime reason for buying a stock is that the investor is bullish on the stock and is expecting an uptrend in the price of the stock in the future.
  2. The investors enjoy all the positions of owning the stock like – participation in the voting of the company, recipient of dividends, etc.
  3. Most of the Investors do a detailed study of companies and buys a stock in the hope that the stock would appreciate it. Thus, to get multiple folds of returns, an investor has to buy a stock for a long term basis.
  4. In a bull market scenarioBull Market ScenarioA bull market occurs when many stock prices rise 20% from a recent low for an extended period. In addition, it is expected that prices will continue to go up. The bullish phase marks an increase in investor's confidence, corporate profits, reduced unemployment, and an improving GDP.read more, both the traders and investors get benefited from the long position as the price of the stock, commodities, etc. tend to rise.
  5. A few categories of stocks like slow growers, growth stocks, stalwart categories, cyclical, etc. The growth and cyclical stocksCyclical StocksA cyclical stock refers to that share whose price fluctuates with the change in overall macroeconomic conditions. Such a stock is sensitive to the various economic phases like recession, boom, expansion, contraction, trough, peak and recovery.read more tend to slump during the bear market, while slow growers and stalwart categories tend to increase irrespective of the market conditions. Thus, it gives higher returns for value investors and long term investors.

Disadvantages

  1. One of the significant disadvantages is the erosion of stock price during downtrend or in the case of the bear market scenarioBear Market ScenarioBearish market refers to an opinion where the stock market is likely to go down or correct shortly. It is predicted in consideration of events that are happening or are bound to happen which would drag down the prices of the stocks in the market.read more.
  2. The investors have to cut their position and book losses when the stock price or commodityCommodityA commodity refers to a good convertible into another product or service of more value through trade and commerce activities. It serves as an input or raw material for the manufacturing and production units.read more price slumps.
  3. There is no option for the traders to make any short positionShort PositionA short position is a practice where the investors sell stocks that they don't own at the time of selling; the investors do so by borrowing the shares from some other investors to promise that the former will return the stocks to the latter on a later date.read more in the derivative segments, and hence they cannot make profits from a falling market.
  4. There are traders in the stock market who tend to sell during tepid economic conditions resulting in bear conditions. But to the nature of the long positions, the trader has only one option.

Important Points

Conclusion

Stock market lure investors, where they can invest and earn a handsome return on their current investment positions. The art of investing is dependent on buying the stock at a lower valuation and selling it at a price that will give many folds return to the investor. The return of investment would be higher if the timing of the investment remains favorable for the investor.

The thumb rule is to buy a fundamentally good stock at a price level when no one is interested in buying and selling the stock where everyone is positive and willing to invest in the company. Thus the investors have to take a long position to invest in the long term horizon.

This article has been a guide to what is Long Position and its Meaning. Here we discuss the components of a long position in stock along with the examples. You can learn more from the following articles –

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