Fixed Capital and Working Capital Differences
The primary difference between fixed capital and working capital is that Fixed Capital is the capital which is invested by the company in procuring the fixed assets required for the working of the business whereas working capital is the capital which is required by the company for the purpose of financing its day to day operations.
Capital is the most important ingredient in any business. Without capital, no business can be run and no business can exist. Capital can be categorized in two forms – fixed capital and working capital.
- Fixed capital is used to acquire non-current assets that would serve the business for more than one accounting period.
- On the other hand, working capital is used to serve the business on a day-to-day basis fulfilling the requirement of everyday production and operation.
In this article, we will look at each of them separately and would also look at a comparative analysis between them.
Fixed Capital vs Working Capital Infographics
Key Differences Between Fixed Capital and Working Capital
- Fixed capital supports the business indirectly. Working capital supports the business directly.
- Fixed capital is invested in long-term assets. Working capital is invested in current assets.
- Fixed capital is required before the business starts. Working capital is required after the business gets started.
- Fixed capital can’t be liquidated into cash immediately. Working capital can be liquidated into cash immediately.
- Fixed capital serves the business for a very long period of time. Working capital serves the business for a very short period of time.
- The orientation of fixed capital is strategic. The orientation of working capital is operational.
|Basis for Comparison||Fixed Capital||Working Capital|
|Meaning||Fixed capital is the investments done by the business for accruing long-term benefits.||Working capital is the daily requirement pumped into the business.|
|Acquiring types of assets||Fixed capital is used to acquire non-current assets of the company.||Working capital is used to acquire the current assets of the company.|
|How liquid it is?||Not at all liquid.||Very much liquid.|
|Conversion||It can’t be converted into cash or kind immediately.||It can be converted into cash or kind immediately.|
|Term||Serves the business for a long period of time.||Serves the business for a very short period of time.|
|Accounting period||It offers benefits for more than one accounting period.||It offers benefits for less than one accounting period.|
|Consumption||It doesn’t directly get consumed by the business but serves the business indirectly.||Business needs working capital to operate.|
Fixed capital and working capital, both are imperative for a business to run and perpetuate. And it’s not right to say that one is more important than the other.
However, without fixed capital, it’s impossible to start a business. And after the business gets started, without working capital it’s impossible to run a business.
Every business, thus, needs to take special care of them both. But it is equally important to invest in the right assets so that the business can get benefits from the assets and can make use of them on a regular basis.
This has been a guide to Working Capital vs Fixed Capital. Here we discuss top 8 differences of fixed capital and working capital along with infographics and comparative table. You may also look at these recommended articles for further readings –