Difference Between Fixed Capital and Working Capital

Fixed Capital and Working Capital Differences

The primary difference between fixed capital and working capital is that Fixed Capital is the capital which is invested by the company in procuring the fixed assets required for the working of the business whereas working capital is the capital which is required by the company for the purpose of financing its day to day operations.

Capital is a critical ingredient in any business. Without capital, no business can be run, and no business can exist. Capital can be categorized in two forms – fixed capital and working capital.

Fixed-Capital-and-Working-Capital

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In this article, we will look at each of them separately and would also look at a comparative analysis between them.

Fixed Capital vs Working Capital Infographics

Fixed Capital vs Working Capital Infographics

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Key Differences Between Fixed Capital and Working Capital

  • Fixed capital supports the business indirectly. Working capital supports the business directly.
  • Fixed capital is invested in long-term assets. Working capital is invested in current assets.
  • Fixed capital is required before the business starts. Working capital is required after the business gets started.
  • Fixed capital can’t be liquidated into cash immediately. Working capital can be liquidated into cash immediately.
  • Fixed capital serves the business for a very long period. Working capital serves the business for a brief period.
  • The orientation of fixed capital is strategic. The orientation of working capital is operational.

Comparative Table

Basis for Comparison Fixed Capital Working Capital
Meaning Fixed capital is the investments done by the business for accruing long-term benefits. Working capital is the daily requirement pumped into the business.
Acquiring types of assets Fixed capital is used to acquire non-current assets of the companyNon-current Assets Of The CompanyNon-current assets are long-term assets bought to use in the business, and their benefits are likely to accrue for many years. These Assets reveal information about the company's investing activities and can be tangible or intangible. Examples include property, plant, equipment, land & building, bonds and stocks, patents, trademark.read more. Working capital is used to acquire the current assets of the companyCurrent Assets Of The CompanyCurrent assets refer to those short-term assets which can be efficiently utilized for business operations, sold for immediate cash or liquidated within a year. It comprises inventory, cash, cash equivalents, marketable securities, accounts receivable, etc.read more.
How liquid is it?  Not at all liquid. Very much liquid.
Conversion  It can’t be converted into cash or kind immediately. It can be converted into cash or kind immediately.
Term Serves the business for an extended period; Serves the business for a concise period;
Accounting period It offers benefits for more than one accounting period. It offers benefits for less than one accounting period.
Objective Strategy-oriented. Operational.
Consumption It doesn’t directly get consumed by the business but serves the business indirectly. Business needs working capital to operate.

Conclusion

Fixed capital and working capital, both are imperative for a business to run and perpetuate. And it’s not right to say that one is more important than the other.

However, without fixed capital, it’s impossible to start a business. And after the business gets started, without working capital, it’s impossible to run a business.

Every business, thus, needs to take special care of them both. But it is equally important to invest in the right assets so that the business can get benefits from the assets and can make use of them regularly.

Working Capital vs. Fixed Capital Video

 

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This article has been a guide to Working Capital vs. Fixed Capital. Here we discuss the top 8 differences of fixed capital and working capital along with infographics and comparative table. You may also look at these recommended articles for further readings –

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