Working Capital Management refers to the management of the capital that the company requires for financing its daily business operations and it is important for the company in order to maximize its operational efficiency, manage its short term liabilities and assets properly, avoiding the underutilization of the resources and avoiding the overtrading, etc.
Top Reasons Why Importance of Working Capital Management
The accounting strategy of the management which is designed to monitor and utilize the components of the working capital properly is known as the working capital management. The management of working capital is essential for the proper and smooth working of any business. Working capital management is important in various organization due to the following reasons –
- Improvement in the Credit Profile and Solvency of the Company
- Use of Fixed Assets Efficiently
- Ability to Face Crises
Let us discuss these in detail one by one.
Importance of Working Capital Management
Let us discuss the importance of working capital management along with examples –
#1 – Improvement in the Credit Profile and Solvency of the Company
If the company pays off the debts on time while generating revenues, then it ensures that the operating cycle of the company is properly funded, which will likely to boost the credit score of the company. Whereas if the company is unable to repay its debts on time and still it is running the business with the low operating costs then the creditors will try to get back their funds and this would lead to a decrease in the credit score.
The pre-requisite to the long-term solvency is the ability for the company of meeting its short-term obligations and the adequate management of the working capital will make the business to pay all of its short-term obligations on timely basis like the salary payment, payment against the purchase of the raw materials, and other such operating expenses of the company.
There is a company ABC Ltd. which pays all its loans, rent and vendor bills on time then this would increase the credit score of the company. This shows that how responsible management of the working capital can reward the company in the long-run. Once the company has a high credit score then it will also qualify for the business loan at the lower rate making it easier for the company to procure finances easily in the future and leading the business in good financial standing.
#2 – Use of Fixed Assets Efficiently
Proper management of the working capital and availability of adequate working capital all the time will enable the company to effectively and efficiently use the fixed assets present. In case because of the unavailability or paucity of working capital, the fixed assets of the company remains idle then in that case also the depreciation has to be charged and the interest on capital borrowed is to be paid on fixed assets i.e., the company have to incur the fixed expenses on the fixed assets unnecessarily even though it is not using it. So, with the help of working capital management, fixed assets can also be managed and used in an effective manner.
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There is a company ABC ltd which is manufacturing and selling the pens in the market. In the last month, it purchased the assets for increasing productivity and sales by borrowing the money from the market. The company, however, didn’t look into its working capital position. So even after purchasing the fixed assets, due to a lack of working capital, the company is unable to utilize its fixed assets properly to increase its production. Also, the company has to incur the depreciation charges and interest on the borrowed capital unnecessarily even though it is not using the fixed assets.
If the company had managed the working capital properly then this situation would not have arrived. In case there is sufficient working capital, fixed assets can be used properly and production can be increased thereby increasing the revenue. This is the perfect example of how the management of working capital can lead to effective use of the fixed assets of the company.
#3 – Ability to Face Crises
In case there is proper management of the working capital then the business concern will be able to face crises properly during the emergency period like depression. Generally, the companies keep don’t have the adequate amount of working capital in case of an emergency which will affect the business negatively in can any emergency occurs.
There are two companies ABC Ltd and XYZ Ltd in a town competing with each other. Suddenly the situation of depression occurs in the economy. ABC Ltd has an effective mechanism for managing working capital and keeps funds for emergency whereas the XYZ ltd don’t have proper management of the working capital and doesn’t keep funds for an emergency. Suddenly situation of depression arises in the economy.
Now, in that case, ABC Ltd will be able to continue its operation as it has proper management of the working capital whereas XYZ ltd will have to stop the production as it doesn’t have the working capital. Also, ABC ltd with adequate working capital can reap more amounts of benefits during this time due to a lack of working capital management by its competitor.
#4 – Expansion
If any company is planning to expand its business then that would require the additional capital. In case there adequate management of working capital then that could lead to the implementation of the expansion program successfully.
ABC Ltd. doesn’t have adequate management of working capital and is planning to expand its business. So, in that case, it cannot successfully implement the expansion because it has to arrange the facilities required for the expansion which currently it is not having because of the inadequate WCM.
Its main motive includes the maintenance of the sufficient cash flows in the business every time so that it can meet the short term funds required for the operations and to pay off the short term obligations. They need to vary among different industries and among similar companies as well. It helps in ensuring that the operations of the company are performed in a financially efficient manner. In case any company doesn’t have enough amount of working capital for covering its obligations then this financial insolvency can lead to the legal troubles of the company and even the liquidation of the company’s assets.
They help not only in covering the financial obligations of the company but at the same time also helps the company in boosting its earnings. Thus, it is very much important for all business enterprises to ensure that there is adequate management of the working capital in their organization.
This has been a guide to Working Capital Management Importance. Here we discuss its meaning and the importance of working capital management along with examples. You may also learn more about Accounting from the following articles –