Full Form of CTS

Updated on March 19, 2024
Article byNiti Gupta
Edited byNiti Gupta
Reviewed byDheeraj Vaidya, CFA, FRM

Full Form of CTS – Cheque Truncation System

The full form of CTS is the Cheque Truncation System. It is a clearance system for cheques used by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for faster cheque clearances. Instead of using the cheque’s physical copy to complete the clearance process, CTC uses the electronic image and relevant cheque details.

Key Takeaways

  • The Cheque Truncation System (CTS) is a clearance system used by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to process cheques more quickly. Instead of relying on physical copies of the cheques, CTS uses electronic images and relevant details for clearance.
  • It was implemented in the following states: Chennai: As of September 24, 2011; New Delhi: As of February 1, 2008; and Mumbai: As of April 27, 2013.
  • More money and time were spent on the physical passage of the check from banks to the Clearing House. CTS gets rid of the same.

Role

The cheque Truncation System provides for the fast collection process of cheques by using the cheque’s electronic image to be cleared along with key data. It eliminates the need for physical movement of the cheques across the banks except in extraordinary circumstances. CTS’s role is to enable electronic processing of the cheques by using cheque images and relevant data, which is captured by the presenting bank and forwarded to the paying bank for processing.

Full Form of CTS

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History

Cheque Truncation System was implemented in the following states as follows:

  • New Delhi: From 1st February 2008.
  • Chennai: From 24th September 2011.
  • Mumbai: From 27th April 2013.

CTS has now been adopted throughout the country.

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Process

Let’s discuss the following process.

CTS_Process

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  • Cheque clearance in CTS starts with the presenting banker capturing the cheque’s data and image using its internal capture system.
  • The presenting banker then sends the data along with the cheque’s image, digitally signed and encrypted, to the Clearing House to the paying bank for further processing.
  • To carry out such interaction, the bankers use an interface named Clearing House Interface (CHI), by which the captured data and images can be transmitted. CHI then processes data and, after taking the final settlement amount on record, forwards the images and data to the paying banker.
  • This process is known as Presentation Clearing. They are paying bankers to use their CHI to receive the data for processing payment. Clearing House then processes the data in the return clearing session, and the return data is communicated to the presenting banker. Once the presentation clearing and return clearing sessions are complete, the clearing of the cheque is completed.

Format

Some fields form important features of a CTS cheque.

CTS-Format

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  • Branch address along with bank IFSC on top of a cheque.
  • Date in dd/mm/yy format in boxes.
  • The printer’s name with CTS-2010 was written across the left side of the cheque.
  • Pantograph placed below the account number, which will show “Void/Copy” if someone takes a photocopy of the cheque.
  • Rupee symbol.
  • The words “Please sign above” are written on the bottom of the cheque.
  • The visible watermark “CTS India” (to be visible if the cheque is placed in light).
  • The ultraviolet logo of the Bank to be printed at the upper left corner of the cheque.

Advantages

  • The physical process of flowing the cheque from banks to the clearing house involved too much cost and time. CTS eliminates the same.
  • The risk of cheques being lost or stolen in transit is eliminated now.
  • The process used by CTS is very secure.
  • The time taken to clear the cheques has reduced significantly.
  • There are no limitations with respect to geographical locations with the use of electronic mode.

Conclusion

The use of the Cheque Truncation System in the banking sector has helped the customers as well as the bankers as a whole. The need for the cheque’s physical presence has been eliminated along with the risks involved in it. Also, a similar system is used by banking institutions and regulators across the globe. The clearance of cheques has become faster and secure now.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What types of cheques cannot be presented in CTS clearing?

It is essential for customers to be aware that cheques that have been altered or modified will not be accepted under CTS guidelines. It is not permissible to make any changes or corrections to the cheques except for validating the date if necessary.

Why do we need a Cheque Truncation System?

Cheque Truncation System is a system for clearing cheques, which is done online using images of cheques and Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR) data. The process occurs at the bank branch, where the cheque is deposited and transmitted electronically, eliminating the need for the actual cheque to be physically moved.

Who operates the Cheque Truncation System?

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) uses the Cheque Truncation System (CTS) to clear cheques faster.

Are there any fees associated with CTS? 

Banks may charge nominal fees for cheque truncation services, similar to costs associated with traditional cheque processing. However, prices can vary depending on the bank’s policies.

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This has been a guide to Full Form of CTS (Cheque Truncation System) & its definition. Here we learn the role & process of CTS with its format and advantages. You may refer to the following articles to learn more about finance –