Full Form of KYC – KNOW YOUR CUSTOMER
The KYC is a full form of three board words which stands for KNOW YOUR CUSTOMER. Sometimes, it is also referred to as KNOW YOUR CLIENT.
Know your customer is a standardized process carried by an entity to verify and determine the identity of the prospective new engagements or clients. It is alternatively also used to assess the scope of business relationships.
- It is employed to facilitate comprehensive background checks.
- It is a standardized procedure that is utilized to gauge the requirements and intentions of the client.
- It is assessed whether the intentions are legitimate or illegitimate.
- It is used to reduce the problem of adverse selection.
- Adverse selection is a type of situation wherein the entity in question has a bad profile for doing business and yet is interested to take up additional risks on its head since the entity who is taking up service has more knowledge than the seller.
- It is additionally utilized for reducing information asymmetry.
- It has broad usage in identifying customers or entities involved in money laundering.
- Normally, KYC is utilized in the onboarding of new customers by banks and financial institutions.
- To perform KYC, the bank may ask the new customer to submit valid ID proof.
- Acceptable proof of identity documents ranges from Voter Id card, passport and driving license.
- A valid ID proof should detail on first name, last name, visible and identifiable picture with the date of birth.
- It additionally asks for address proof.
- Address proof may range from utilities bill or credit card bills or an acceptable ID proof itself.
- The address proof should detail on First name, last name and the exact address associated with the full name.
- It asks for a valid date of birth proof in some process.
- These documents help the bank to understand how the entity or customer or client looks and where exactly he comes from.
- As technology has progressed immensely, the representatives of the KYC have started collecting information on biometrics as well.
- There are instruments that specifically stores fingerprints, retina scan into fully secured databases.
- The individual wishing to engage with the bank or financial institution for business has to reach to the nearest branch of the financial institution.
- Once reaching out to the nearest branch, the individual has to reach out to the nearest available representative facilitating the process of KYC in the branch.
- The individual has to ensure that the individual has valid documents and there is no scope of invalid documents with them.
- The documents should clearly decimate information on the background of the individual and there should be no discrepancy.
- Submit the valid documents along with the biometrics to the nearest KYC representatives.
- For the implementation, the central bank of the nation establishes broad guidelines.
- The broad guidelines generally cover the cross verification of KYC documents with the latest information available in the government database.
- Therefore, as a representative of KYC, the individual should specifically ask for the latest ID proof, address proof to facilitate the cross verification of information as available.
- The representatives should ask and direct questions to the individual with respect to their background that in turn helps in gauging the intentions of the party as to why there are looking to collaborate with the business.
- At the corporate level or on the levels of the business engaging with a different business, the entities generally hire third-party vendors to facilitate the background checks for the employees hired under them.
- They lay down the broad guidelines to the third-party vendors as to how they would perform KYC on their hired resources.
- Normally, a bank or financial institution or corporation may collect ID proofs, address proofs and biometrics of their employees or business entities.
- For biometrics, additional consents have to be collected by both banks and by the corporates to curb any potential misuse.
- Basis of the risk posed by the entities, the process can be bifurcated into basic KYC and enhanced KYC.
- The basic would cross-validate the details of the entity with KYC documents only.
- If the risk posed by the customer or entity is relatively very high, the bank or third-party vendor would run scans on them by utilizing proprietary software that facilitates KYC.
- It can run scans in terms of adverse media, politically exposed persons, etc.
The KYC has a broad application in the detection of money laundering activities and in the imposition of sanctions in the funding of terrorist activities. The money laundering is an activity which involves the wrongful usage of financial assets by disguising them altogether. The people involved in money laundering transforms the money earned from illegal or illegitimate sources to legitimate sources.
The central banks of the nation’s establish broad guidelines of Know your customer that ensures that activities of the money laundering are curbed altogether. For big corporations also in order to maintain business reputations have not inculcated the practice of the Know your client or customer to ensure that only the right candidates with no criminal backgrounds are onboard for the job. The corporates specifically engage third-party vendors or business that performs such checks for them.
These checks may include address verification, verification of credit scores. They additionally verify the education details as well to ensure that the corporate is not employing any fraud to the organization.
- It reduces Information Asymmetry.
- It reduces the scope of Adverse selection.
- It helps in onboarding only legitimate individuals, entities or business.
- It prevents any potential threats from money laundering.
- For big corporates who onboards a prospective individual to the jobs perform background checks to ensure that the candidates were not involved in any illegal activities.
The know your customer is a very comprehensive process. It is performed by banks, financial institutions, and big corporates. It is performed so as to ensure that the business deals with and onboard only legitimate entities.
The process can be bifurcated into several broad aspects. As per the business need and criticalness of transactions, the KYC could be pursued in simplified form or it can be enhanced to validate the credentials of the individuals.
This has been a guide to the full form of KYC and its definition. Here we learn the purpose, requirement and procedures to register KYC (know your Customer) along with its importance and advantages. You may refer to the following articles to learn more about finance –