What is Goodwill Amortization?
Goodwill amortization refers to the process in which the cost of the goodwill of the company is expensed over a specific period of the time i.e., there is a reduction in the value of the goodwill of the company by the way of recording of the periodic amortization charge in the books of accounts.
In simple words, Goodwill Amortization means writing off the value of Goodwill from the books of accounts or distributing the cost of Goodwill in different years. It is because the value which is appearing in the books of account is not showing the true value. To show the correct value of Goodwill in books of accounts, the need for amortization arises.
- Before 2001, Goodwill was amortized over a maximum period of 40 years as per US GAAP. However, it is no longer amortized every financial year anymore. Goodwill will have to be checked every year for impairment, and if there is any change, it is recorded in the Income Statement.
- Since 2015, privately held companies have been allowed to amortize over a period of 10 years, thereby reducing the cost and complexity involved in testing for impairment.
- It implies that the goodwill amortization implies only to the Private companies and Public companies have to test its Goodwill for impairments.
Methods of Goodwill Amortization
#1 – Straight Line Method
In the Straight Line Method, amortization is allocated amount over 10 years (maximum up to 40 years) unless the shorter life is more appropriately known. Every year an equal amount will be transferred to Profit and Loss Account.
The straight-line amortization method is the same as the straight-line method of depreciation. This method is very simple to apply. The logic behind this method is assets are operated consistently or evenly over time.
#2 – Different Useful Life
In different useful life method of goodwill amortization, allocate the cost of the asset to expense over its useful life. For every entity, useful life can be different. Every entity has its policy according to its nature of business.
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Below is an example of a journal entry
Examples of Goodwill Amortization
Let’s see some practical examples to understand it better.
Suppose Company BCD is planning to purchase Company XYZ. The Book value of Company XYZ is $50million, but Company XYZ has a good market reputation for that Company BCD can pay more than $50million, on the final deal, ABC agrees to pay $65 million. Calculate the value of goodwill amortization.
Calculation of Goodwill can be done as follows –
Value of Goodwill = $65 million – $50 million
Value of Goodwill = $15 million
$15 million will be the goodwill amount that BCD will record as Goodwill in their books of account after purchasing XYZ.
In the above Example, 1 after a year ahead Company BCD changed the product features and now deals in a different product this new product is not so successful as the earlier product was. As a result, the fair value of the company starts declining new fair value is $58 million book value is $65 million. Calculate the Impairment loss.
You can do the calculation of impairment loss as follows –
Impairment Loss = 65-58
Impairment Loss = $7 million
In the books, Goodwill is recorded as $15 million.
Now, this amount of Goodwill will reduce by $7million.
Small Ltd. has the following assets and liability
Big Ltd acquires small Ltd and paying the purchase consideration of $1300 million; what will be the goodwill value big Ltd will record in his books after the acquisition.
- After 2 years
- The fair value of these assets =$1280 million
- How will Goodwill be amortized?
- Calculate the amortization amount by a straight-line method in 10 years?
Calculation of amortization amount in 10 years will be –
- Net Worth = Total of assets – Total of liabilities = (85+200+450+92+825+150) – (350+144+65) = 1243
Value of Goodwill:
- Value of goodwill =Purchase Consideration – Net Worth = 1300 – 1243 = 57
- The Amortization amount = Book Value of Assets – Fair Value = 1300 – 1280 = 20
Amortization Goodwill :
- Goodwill appears in books = $57
- After Amortization it will be = 57 – 20 = $37 million.
Amortization Amount in 10 Years:
- Amortization Amount in 10 Years = $20million / 10years = $2 million
- Every year up to 10 years to be written off by debiting Profit and Loss account.
You can refer to the given above excel template for the detailed calculation of goodwill amortization.
How Amortization Reduces the Tax Liability of an Entity?
- Private companies can elect to amortize Goodwill over a period of ten years using the straight-line method.
- Only purchased Goodwill record in books of accounts. Self-generated Goodwill not recorded in books of accounts.
- Goodwill, which no longer exists, should be written off in the form of amortization.
- Conditions that may trigger an impairment of Goodwill are increased competition, a big change in management, change in a product line, deterioration in economic conditions, etc.
This article has been a guide to What is Goodwill Amortization & its definition. Here we discuss goodwill amortization methods along with examples and its journal entries. You may learn more about accounting from the following articles –