Goodwill formula calculates the value of the goodwill by subtracting the fair value of net identifiable assets of the company to be purchased from the total purchase price; fair value of net identifiable assets is calculated by deducting the fair value of the net liabilities from the sum of the fair value of all the assets.
What is Goodwill Formula?
The term “goodwill” refers to that intangible asset that comes into play only when a company is planning to acquire another company and is willing to pay a price that is significantly higher than the fair market value of the net assets of the company. In short, the goodwill can be seen as the difference between the purchase price and the fair market value of a company’s identifiable assets and liabilities.
The calculation of the goodwillGoodwillIn accounting, goodwill is an intangible asset that is generated when one company purchases another company for a price that is greater than the sum of the company's net identifiable assets at the time of acquisition. It is determined by subtracting the fair value of the company's net identifiable assets from the total purchase price. equation is done by adding the consideration paid, the fair value of non-controlling interests, and the fair value of previous equity interestsEquity InterestsEquity Interest is the percentage of ownership rights either individual or a company holds in one company which gives holder voting right in that company. They have residual rights in economic benefits obtained from the business or realization from assets. and then deducting the fair value of net assets of the company.
The goodwill calculation method is represented as,
Steps / Method to Calculate Goodwill
The goodwill can be calculated by using the following five simple steps:
- Firstly, determine the consideration paid by the acquirer to the seller, and it will be available as part of the deal contract. The consideration is valued either by a fair valuation method or the share-based payment method. The consideration may be paid in the form of stocks, cash, or cash-in-kind.
- Next, determine the fair value of the non-controlling interest in the acquired company. It is the portion of equity ownership in a subsidiary that is not attributable to the parent companyParent CompanyA holding company is a company that owns the majority voting shares of another company (subsidiary company). This company also generally controls the management of that company, as well as directs the subsidiary's directions and policies..
- Next, determine the fair value of equity in previous interests.
- Next, figure out the fair value of the net assets recognized in the acquired company. It is basically the net of the fair value of assets and the fair value of liabilities. It is easily available in the balance sheetThe Balance SheetA balance sheet is one of the financial statements of a company that presents the shareholders' equity, liabilities, and assets of the company at a specific point in time. It is based on the accounting equation that states that the sum of the total liabilities and the owner's capital equals the total assets of the company..
- Finally, the goodwill equation is calculated by adding the consideration paid (step 1), non-controlling interestsNon-controlling InterestsIt generally projects curves on the data sets. For example, to forecast population growth, forming a non-linear relationship between time and growth. (step 2), and the fair value of previous equity interests (step 3) and then deducting the net assets of the companyThe Net Assets Of The CompanyThe net asset on the balance sheet is the amount by which your total assets exceed your total liabilities and is calculated by simply adding what you own (assets) and subtract it from whatever you owe (liabilities). It is commonly known as net worth (NW). (step 4) as shown below.
Goodwill Formula = Consideration paid + Fair value of non-controlling interests + Fair value of equity previous interests – Fair value of net assets recognized
Examples of Goodwill Calculation Method (with Excel Template)
Let us look at some simple to advance examples of Goodwill Formula and calculation to understand it better.
Goodwill Calculation – Example#1
Let us take the example of company ABC Ltd which has agreed to acquire company XYZ Ltd. The purchase consideration is $100 million in order to obtain a 95% stake in XYZ Ltd. As per an esteemed valuation company, the fair value of the non-controlling interest is $12 million. It is also estimated that the fair value of identifiable assets and liabilities to be acquired is $200 million and $90 million, respectively. There are no equity interests. Calculate the goodwill based on the given information.
- Consideration paid = $100 million
- Fair value of non-controlling interests = $12 million
- The fair value of equity previous interests = $0
Below is given data for calculation of goodwill of company ABC Ltd
First, we need to calculate Net identifiable assets of company ABC Ltd
Therefore, Net identifiable assets = Fair value of identifiable assets – Fair value of identifiable liabilities
= $200 million – $90 million
Net Identifiable Assets = $110 million
Therefore, the method to calculate goodwill will be as follows,
Goodwill Equation = Consideration paid + Fair value of non-controlling interests + Fair value of equity previous interests – Fair value of net assets recognized
Goodwill formula = $100 million + $12 million + $0 – $110 million
= $2 million
Therefore, the goodwill generated in the transaction is $2 million.
Goodwill Calculation – Example#2
Let us take another example of Company A, which is planning to acquire Company B. The acquisition consideration is agreed at $90,000. The following information is available with respect to the Company.
- Consideration paid = $90,000
- Fair value of non-controlling interests = $0
- The fair value of equity previous interests = $0
Below given table shows data for calculation of goodwill of Company A
Therefore, Net Identifiable Assets of Company A can be calculated as,
Net Identifiable Assets = Fair value of identifiable assets – Fair value of identifiable liabilities
= $300,000 – $220,000
Net Identifiable Assets = $80,000
Therefore, the calculation of Goodwill will be as follows,
Goodwill = Consideration paid + Fair value of non-controlling interests + Fair value of equity previous interests – Fair value of net assets recognized
Goodwill calculation = $90,000 + $0 + $0 – $80,000
Therefore, the goodwill generated in the transaction is $10,000
Goodwill Formula Calculator
You can use this Goodwill Formula Calculator
|Goodwill Formula =||Consideration Paid + Fair Value of Non-controlling Interests + Fair Value of Equity Previous Interests − Fair Value of Net Assets Recognized|
|0 + 0 + 0 − 0 =||0|
Relevance and Uses of Goodwill Formula
It is very important to understand the concept of goodwill because it is the metric that encapsulates the value of the reputation of a company built over a significant period of time. The different factors aiding the goodwill include (not exhaustive) company’s brand name, extensive customer base, good customer relations, any proprietary patents or technology, and excellent employee relations.
This brand value ensures that future profits can be expected to be over and above normal profits. Nevertheless, goodwill is an intangible asset that can neither be seen nor be felt, although it exists in reality and can be purchased and sold. In case of a distress saleDistress SaleDistressed sale refers to the immediate sale of stocks, real estate, or other assets for a price lower than its intrinsic value or at a financial loss because of an economic threat, medical emergency, debt payment, or any other reason. i.e., when a company is acquired for less than its tangible net worthTangible Net WorthTangible Net Worth is a company's total net worth minus the value of its intangible assets such as copyrights, company goodwill, and patents, among other things. Total Assets – Total Liabilities – Intangible Assets = Tangible Net Worth, then the target company is said to have ‘negative goodwill.’ The appropriate pricing for goodwill is extremely difficult, but it does make a commercial enterprise more valuable.
Under IFRS and US GAAP standards, goodwill is considered as an intangible assetIntangible AssetIntangible Assets are the identifiable assets which do not have a physical existence, i.e., you can't touch them, like goodwill, patents, copyrights, & franchise etc. They are considered as long-term or long-living assets as the Company utilizes them for over a year. with an indefinite life, and as such, there is no requirement to amortize the value. However, it should be evaluated every year for impairment loss. Most of the companies prefer to amortize goodwillAmortize GoodwillGoodwill amortization refers to the process in which the cost of the goodwill of the company is expensed over a specific period of the time i.e., there is a reduction in the value of the goodwill of the company by the way of recording of the periodic amortization charge in the books of accounts. over the period of 10 years.
This article has been a guide to Goodwill Formula. Here we discuss the Goodwill Calculation Method using practical examples along with downloadable excel templates. You may learn more about Financial Analysis from the following articles –